Source A: Guardian newspaper, New York, January 2nd, 1959 Question 1: Outline the perspective of the source: Source A: Source A written by Alistair Cooke, gives us insight into an extreme American nationalist’s perspective on Fidel Castro. The source aims to inform readers about Castro’s new-found leadership role. However, the publish date of Source A was “January 2nd 1959”. The day after Fulgencio Batista (Castro’s predecessor) fled Cuba for the Dominican Republic. America comprehensively supported Batista’s regime and alarm bells were certainly ringing throughout their country.
Raul Castro, an 83 year old who took the leadership of Cuba forcefully by the side of his brother in 1959, has taken the privilege of freedom of speech from the Cuban civilians. He has attempted to take care of his people but this attempt has been just an attempt. He has been too busy in the countries trading and allies but he is not aware that his country is dying. The Castro brothers established the Cuban communist party, this party became the only rightful enabled party. This is taking the human rights of the Cuban people because they can’t decide for themselves.
According to the personal accounts of Ana, “the revolution had completely transformed the country by 1962 … laws that once protected Cuban citizens were destroyed in the first two years and that the government which was once democratic and organized was transformed into tyranny” (Correa, Daniel S. and Sarah Z., Jonas). After the end of President Batista’s reign, Castro initially presented himself as a moderate leftist, but became increasingly radical. Castro even declared that a purge was necessary to purify the nation; extrajudicial imprisonment and arbitrary executions continued throughout Castro’s political career. In addition to abuses against prisoners, Castro also abused civilian rights via imposed economic reforms. The First Agrarian Reform, which was also the nation’s main priority, stripped lands from civilians, regardless of their support or challenge towards Castro’s rule.
The group of rebels were unsatisfied with their dictator, and demanded freedom which slowly caused Cuba to be a communist country. Here are the main stages in ‘typical’ revolution described by Crane Brinton’s “anatomy of a revolution” (from Matthew Astrom’s “Crane Brinton
The dictatorial years of Porfirio was known as “Porfiriato” lasted from 1876 to 1911. Throughout the “Porfiriato” the country maintained stable and began modernizing, consequently this caused major uproar with the citizens as they claimed he was a president who gave Mexico away. Porfirio brought in foreign countries to create a trade with the abundant resources that Mexico possessed, which should have brought an economic boost to the citizens, but because a vast majority were stuck in a form of labor they were not able to experience any economic help or growth. Unfortunately, indigenous people and poor people experienced the most harm from the modernising that Porfirio tried to incorporate into Mexican society. Towards the end of his reign, Porfirio began to experience civil unrest and revolts of the workers in the new modern industries he had brought into the country.
“I have not come here for such reasons, I have come to take away their gold.” That is some words Francisco Pizarro said from the past. Francisco Pizarro was known as one of the most successful conquerors in Spain. I will be discussing Francisco Pizarro's whole life, career, contributions, and what life would be like without Francisco Pizarro. Francisco Pizarro was born in Trujillo, Spain around 1474. He was born an illegitimate child.
Cuban Revolution Politician Fidel Castro in his “May Day Celebration” speech (May 2nd, 1961) argues the success of the revolution claiming Cuba free of the exploiters and the spontaneous good of reformed Cuba. Through an enthusiastic and optimistic tone, Castro is able to unite the Cuban nativists and foreigners behind the greater cause of equality, the main purpose being to declare Cuba a new socialist regime which provides prosperous opportunities for the working class. He does this by creating an ecstatic mood appealing to his audience, alluding to Marxism ideas, and speaking through persuading diction to depict the good nature of the revolution. Castro evokes a euphoric atmosphere that appeals to the audiences, who struggled to overcome the dictatorial government of Batista, after the revolution had been achieved. When Castro says “We have been witnesses, all of us Cubans, of every step taken by the revolution” unites the difficulty shared by the Cuban citizens as when Castro elaborates “Today’s parade shows us how much we have advanced.
This stage created the Constitution and led to a single political party gaining control of México. During the first phase of the revolution, new faces began to influence Mexican society and Francisco Madero emerged as the leader. Madero’s anti-reelection slogan resonated with many Mexicans and eventually led them to respond to his call to arms. This response from the nation affected the current political system as Diaz fell to the revolutionaries and this shift in power caused Mexicans to be more politically active as they could now vote in elections that were more fair than they had previously been under the Porfiriato. The new leaders of the revolution (Emiliano Zapata, Pascual Orozco, and Pancho Villa) affected society at the time as they fought for the ideals that they believed to be right.
He started removing all the American influence which Batista had allowed in Cuba by nationalizing the industry, economy, re-distributing the land and confiscating American business and agricultural belongings (Britannica). However; Castro could not do this without directly affecting the American interests in Cuba (history.com). Thus, turning to a big anti-American power like the Soviet Union was an option that Castro chose to guarantee himself and the nations security. Professor Jutta Weldes mentions in Constructing National Interests that "elements of the Castro movement were engaged in anti-American activities even during the revolution against Batista.". These actions of nationalizing Cuba were what created tensions between the U.S and Cuba, which lead to a various number of problems throughout time and the missile crisis as result of it at some
Bolivar was not a delegate, but he did deliver a speech saying, “Let us lay the cornerstone of American freedom without fear. To hesitate is to perish.”(cite) the first republic was declared July 5th, 1811, making Venezuela the first colony to break free from Spanish rule. Bolivar, ecstatic at the revolutionary proclamation, freed his slaves from captivity. This shows his great dedication to the cause and his true political philosophies, living up to them even more than the famous founders of the United States. This signals the beginning of Bolivar’s military career.