The English Monarch, at the time, wanted power over religion and sought total control. With this goal, practicing other religions, outside the Church of England, punishable by law. Many English wasted to continue practicing their religions, and America offered the potential to do so without the threat of English law. B. Describe the economic systems, social characteristics and political systems of the following colonies.
The nineteenth century for Latin America became plagued with repeated violence due to acts of rebellion in attempts for the folk to regain autonomy over their own lives. After gaining independence from the Spanish crown the folk wanted to keep their culture and tribal lands, much as the Spanish had allowed them to. However, the Creole elites planned to force the folk into living to commodity-based existences. With the confiscation of indigenous land large quantities of the folk were forced to move into the cities in search of jobs, despite the Europeanization, folk culture prevailed in the
The 16th century was a period of cultural exchange and adaptation. Christopher Columbus 's voyage in 1492 would forever change the world, combining various cultures and ethnicities and opening global trade. Spain and Portugal sent conquistadors and missionaries to this "New World" for wealth and conversion of the inferior natives to Christianity. The conventional belief is that the Spaniards were superior to the Native Americans living in the new world, but in reality societies such as the Incas and Aztecs showed remarkable complexity. These two worlds collided to create a new distinct society.
The empire then developed to incorporate numerous zones in what is currently present-day Europe to and it in the end got to be one of the largest, most powerful and longest-enduring empires on the planet 's history. It had a most extreme range of 7.6 million square miles in 1595. The Ottoman Empire started to decline power in the eighteenth century yet a segment of its land got to be what Turkey is today. After some military defeats in the mid 1400s the Ottomans recovered their power under Muhammad I and in 1453 they caught Constantinople. The Ottoman Empire then entered its stature and what is known as the Period of Great Expansion, amid which time the empire came to incorporate the lands of more than ten diverse European and Middle Eastern states.
The Assyrians showed little sympathy to the conquered and promoted terror throughout the empire (“Rise of Empires Assyria and Persia” slide 18). The Assyrians controlled conquered states through strategies of enforced migration and taxation. They believed that the best way to prevent any future uprising was to remove the former occupants of the land and replace them with Assyrians (“Rise of Empires Assyria and Persia” slide 24). This led to a loss of individuality that steered opposition to lose will to fight against the Assyrians. The people that were deported were selectively chosen for their capabilities and sent to areas which could make the most of their abilities.
For example, during Warring States Period in China, when seven major states were unable to protect their citizens from conquering by foreign countries and maintain peaceful life, fierce wars happened and China was inevitably in chaos. Eventually, the Qin dynasty unified China and ended the chaos. Numerous accomplishment of economy and improvement of policies were made after the unification. (Doc 4) Heinrich von Treitschke, who was one of the most influential proponents of militant nationalism in Germany, proclaimed that a united country should be able to protect itself and maintain usual orders. Small states would not have abilities to prevent themselves from being conquered by foreign countries and this means a large state will be more functional and beneficial to all citizens.
The Catholic Church and Latin America The Catholic Church was a great power ruling many civilizations in Europe during the period between 1492 and 1830. Therefore, the role of the Catholic Church was of utmost importance to the colonization and development of Latin America as it was a great force in Spain and Portugal. Despite the peaceful teachings of the Church, greed and a hunger for power led them to make decisions harming Latin America and Christianity, rather than thriving it. In this paper, I will show that the Catholic Church is significantly responsible for the colonization and development of Latin America through, the Christianizing mission, the Treaty of Tordesillas, and the Spanish Inquisition. Spanish claims to Latin America were based on the Christianizing mission.
The leaders of the major industrial powers which were Britain, France and Germany were all wanting to acquire more land for their colonies because they needed more territory. Soon after many small industrial powers such as Spain, Holland, Portugal, Italy, Japan and the USA also wanted to be in the run for more land.This essay will be discussing four factors that led to imperialisation - Religious, Political, Strategic and Economic Many Europeans believed that the African people were of an inferior and uncivilized nature. To most of the Europeans imperialism was a struggle against their belief system which was Christianity. Christian Missionary Societies forced their government to colonize and build the right facilities for the religious and educational upliftment of the local inhabitants. According to pseudo-science at the time, Europe's economic and political strength was proof of the superiority of the European race.
When Hernan Cortes set out to conquer the Aztecs in 1521, he had help from surrounding kingdoms. Both the English and the Spanish also had a secret upper hand during their conquests. “The smallpox epidemic, which killed more then 40% of [the Aztecs] population” was a crucial instrument in ensuring European conquest of the Americas (Herman, lecture). The Spanish then bound the native peoples to the encomienda system. The encomiendas “oblig[ate] the natives to the encomiendero, they are essential his servants” (Herman, lecture).
But, tension and clashes do not mean antagonism. The British indeed took advantage of the fissures that were already present in the Indian society and attempted to create antagonism. During the British colonial rule, religion was never the only reason for the communal issues in India or the tensions between Hindus and Muslims, but also, favouritism and communal elections and economic status, which were in a way or another aggravated by the British. We can say that there is indeed some truth in what Sir S.A Khan said. Hindus and Muslims could not sit on the same throne at that time but they would the least want the British to sit on the throne and rule over