There are many different ways that reader can choose to interpret a literary work that they are reading or examining. The Freudian lens is one of the many tools that helps reader understand the in depth meaning of the main characters through their behaviors, characteristics, actions and their surroundings. Fight Club, a novel written by Chuck Palahniuk, can also be interpreted by using the Freudian theory to analyze the main character, Joe (the narrator) and his discreet personality, Tyler Durden. The story is about the narrator’s depressing life in which he has been suffering from reality, until he has created another personality that represents his desire. In Fight Club, the narrator’s traits of aggressiveness, his desire and his sense of …show more content…
In the novel, he states: “Except for their humping, Tyler and Marla were never in the same room… This is exactly how my parents were invisible to each other” (Palahniuk 65). Joe compares Tyler and Marla to his parents as how they are never in the same room. There is only sexual attraction but no communication between the two. This collapsed relationship can also be seen as the cause that lead to the narrator’s isolation within society as he has received none of the love from his father but only his mother’s. It affects the way his life turns out to be, his job and his desire. Later in the story, his desire is then being fulfilled by himself when he decides to create another personality of his own to alter his desire. This is where the Id takes place. Everything he wants to do, Tyler has done it. In the novel’s movie version, Tyler, says: “All the ways you wish you could be, that’s me. I look like you wanna look…, I am smart, capable, and most importantly, I am free in all the way that you are not” (Fight Club). Tyler is free in a way that he can do whatever he wants to do, he follows no rules and there seems to be no rule to him through his act of vandalism. He has no jobs nor a specific purpose in his actions. The image of Tyler is then related to Joe. Joe desires to be smart, capable, good looking and especially, he desires to be free. To be free from the …show more content…
In “Freudian Theory and Consciousness: A Conceptual Analysis”, Avinash De Sousa emphasizes the relationship between the three: “Psychoanalysis regarded everything mental being in the first place unconscious, and thus for them, consciousness might be present or absent” (Avinash). According to De Sousa, the id is the reason that the ego and superego forms. In Fight Club, as the narrator suffers from the lack of love from his parents, his desires then develops the id then the ego and at the end, superego. The narrator behavior keep bouncing from the three stages as the story approaches its climax when he decides to kill his innermost desire himself, Tyler. The id, ego and superego have an important role which help explain the narrator’s actions and
Freud’s theory breaks the psyche up into 3 elements: the id, superego, and ego. The id is said to be the most powerful part, and solely unconscious. It controls our basic drives and is demanding and has no regard for morality, rules, or order. The superego is the smallest element of the psyche and deals with ethics and provides standards for the other elements of personality to abide by. Lastly, the ego is the “middle-man” between the id and the superego, as they tend to conflict.
The concept that the id, ego, and superego control
Rational or irrational? Not guilty or guilty? This was the key question between the jurors throughout this movie. During the film a young boy gets accused for stabbing his father to death. In “Twelve Angry Men” we get introduced to twelve jurors made up of men with different backgrounds.
However, despite being “unsure of their futures, with nowhere to direct their anger and no one to assuage their fears” (GEN X – SITE SOURCE), the characteristic of Generation X which really draws parallels to Palahniuk’s novel is the high divorce rate of the time. The impact of an influential feminized society is yet again bolstered by the norm of a woman being in complete control as a result of fathers leaving the household. In the novel, Jack mentions his absent father, and thus begins seeing a father figure in Tyler after having lacked strong male models whilst growing up. To the cohort of members in Fight Club feeling effeminate as a result, Tyler concludes that they are a “generation of men raised by women” (PAGE), further nourishing the men’s desire to fight and express their wrath to regain their identities. Due to their upbringing, the men in Fight Club lack a masculine portrayal, and hence idealize Tyler as the sole example of what masculinity should be.
As Joe finally reveals to his father that he wants to go fishing with someone else, his father offers his one true prized possession, his fishing rod by responding; His father said has Bill Harper got a rod? He told his father no Bill hasn’t a rod. Well said his father why don’t you take my rod and let Bill use yours? I don’t want to go fishing anyhow (Trumbo). The unmarked dialogue shows that the father is giving Joe the tools he needs to be a man.
His superego is extremely underdeveloped because of its ability to revert back to the Id with no hesitation, and his ego barely mediates between both the Id and superego, favoring one or the other depending on the situation. This hostility within the unconscious mind creates conscious and unconscious conflicts within the narrator, especially when he questions individual trust. When deciding whether or not to obey certain antagonists such as Dr. Bledsoe or Brother Jack, he begins to analyze the situation drastically, viewing his past experiences as a major factor into his final decision. This train of thought provokes disputes within the narrator's unconscious and conscious mind. In a situation where Bledsoe made the narrator leave the college, the narrator's unconscious mind chose to obey him and leave.
Twelve Angry Men is in many ways a love letter to the American legal justice system. We find here eleven men, swayed to conclusions by prejudices, past experience, and short-sightedness, challenged by one man who holds himself and his peers to a higher standard of justice, demanding that this marginalized member of society be given his due process. We see the jurors struggle between the two, seemingly conflicting, purposes of a jury, to punish the guilty and to protect the innocent. It proves, however, that the logic of the American trial-by-jury system does work.
There are two parts to the superego. The first is the ego ideal, which includes the rules and standards for good behaviors. The other is the conscience which comprises data about things that are regarded as bad by parentages and civilization. The superego performs to perfect and enlighten behavior. In the case of Fight Club, the narrator’s conscience represents his superego.
Psychoanalysis of Frankenstein and His Creation When doing a literary analysis using the psychoanalytic type A criticism, the reader must solely look to the work itself and exclude externalities. One may interpret, “Dr. Frankenstein and the monster as embodying Sigmund Freud’s theory of id and ego” (Telgen). The theory is based upon the idea that a character’s personality can be divided into three parts. The id which is the basic desire for what each person wants. The superego which is the opposite of id, it houses our sense of guilt.
These do not stand for physical areas of the brain, but more of the mental functions. ID translates to instincts, Ego is reality and Superego is morality. These three central functioning's make up “… the personality—instinctual needs, rational thinking, and moral standards.” (Ronald J. Comer). Dwight Schrute has a very poor ego, which in turn off-sets his ID and Ego.
FREUD’S PERSONALITY THEORY IN LORD OF THE FLIES Sigmund Freud had once said, “The poor ego has a still harder time of it; it has to serve three harsh masters, and it has to do its best to reconcile the claims and demands of all three... The three tyrants are the external world, the superego and the id” (Freud, psychology.about.com) The idea in this quote which is recognized again and again in many movies and books, reminds of the Freud’s Personality Theory which can be seen in “Lord of the Flies”, too. Freud’s Personality theory consists of three main concepts: ego, superego and id. William Golding, the author of “Lord of the Flies”, uses those three concepts as a base when he creates the characters and the places in the book. Freud’s Personality Theory is based on the human mind and it
The Id, Ego and Superego make complete sense to any person who might be interests in learning about the Psyche. Freud’s use of the psychoanalytic theory is relevant when explaining my current behaviour in regards to my past experiences that have occurred throughout my lifetime. Freud’s theory does apply to my own life as he made his theory a way to help understand and focus on the behavioural problems of the human being, and to resolve them in a way that forces me to accept my own destructive
Freud’s id represents underlying desires that seek gratification. These desires may be prohibited by society or considered taboo, such as greed, power, sex, or murder. The id, in contrast to the superego, is irrational and will seek the unconscious desires without the thought of consequences (Nolas-Alausa 7). Oedipus of Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex falls victim to the id of his own unconscious which is represented by his immoral and irrational actions and the consequences he suffers because of them.
Sigmund Freud is Psychology’s most famous psychoanalysis. His work and theories have helped shape our views of personality, levels of consciousness and unconsciousness mind, the structure of personality and the development of personality. There are three aspects to Freud’s theory of personality structure and fives stages through the psychosexual development. The psyche