"To think or speak poetically is to adopt a distorted stance toward the ordinary world..." and to do so is with the use of figurative language (Gibbs 1). Figurative language is the point at which you utilize a word or expression that does not make use of its literal meaning. Authors who utilize figurative language, use this to make their work more fascinating or more emotional than the exact language which essentially states simple facts. Authors frequently use figurative language to make unfamiliar things, settings and circumstances more relatable for the reader. Poems, specifically, depend intensely on figurative language.
Thus, deviation might concern a particular part of sentence which depends on the communication context between the writer and the readers. Therefore, the discourse might be conventional or unconventional in various senses. Thus, the writer utilized the different elements of figures of speech such as metaphor, irony, simile and alliteration. In this way, the writer intends to achieve a lot of aesthetic effects within his literary works. Thus, he is able to support a lot of social and cultural relations and misleading the readers to mysterious directions without lying to them.
Thanks to them we are able to understand some concepts relating to the world that we would not be able to understand otherwise, especially when it comes to abstract concepts. Yet, metaphors used in everyday language are useful to understand the kind of metaphors present in poetry. ( Lakoff and Turner, page 186) Conceptual metaphor link two conceptual domains respectively called the source-domain ( also designated as “events” page 207) and the target-domain ( also called “space” page 207). The first one can be understood as the origin of the meaning while the target-domain is structured thanks to the source-domain through metaphorical link as Lakoff states that “metaphors are understood to be mapping”, in page 194 with the expression “each conventional metaphor, that is, each mapping” and are designated as “fixed pattern of ontological correspondence”. Stated this way, it can be hard to understand what it means but the following examples provide some clarity
However, poetry in its form can also be a mystery in how to interpret what the poem’s involvement is or what the connotation behind or the subject of the poem. The construction, as well as the heart and soul that goes into the construction process of the poem, is what drives the poems to be as exclusive as the poet anticipates them to be. Two examples of this are Terrence Hayes and Harryette Mullen, who are both remarkable at their occupation as poets as well as producing a ton of great and award-winning poetry collections, which depicted bibliophiles into reading and exasperating to interpret their poems. Terrence Hayes drew his inspiration for his poetry round the genre of Hip Hop. Hayes formulates the encouragement that he has from Hip Hop very vibrant in some of his poems such as emcee by using orientations from certified melodies or preoccupations that everyone articulates or recognizes when they are in a definite location (Hayes 3).
Matthiessen (1995) discusses grammatical metaphor as a way of expanding the semantic potential of the system; also Thompson (1996) defines it as the expression of a meaning through a lexical- grammatical form which originally evolved to express a different kind of meaning. Halliday (1985: 1994) referred to grammatical metaphor (GM) as the non congruent ways of encoding language. Congruent forms are the natural ways that language encodes the meaning they express; the non –congruent ways of encoding language are viewed as metaphorical expression or grammatical metaphor. In this sense, grammatical metaphor is defined by Eggins (2004) as “the situations where meanings typically (congruently) realized by one type of language pattern get realized by other less typical or metaphorical (noncongruent) linguistic
However, though the poets use similar terms and works to explain their point of view, they each tell a different story and reveal a different idea about how they believe love should look. Thus, poets in selected poetry express the universal
To know the meaning of the poems, we have to recognize the author´s imagery and usage of images. To visualize an image author uses various poetic devices. After reading a few poems of same author we are able to already recognize his style of writing and using specific devices. Thomas regarded the use of his imagery as the maybe most important part of his writing. That is why understanding of his poetry requires the understanding of his imagery.
Metaphorical is used to mean figurative and symbolical or symbolizes is often applied to almost any of the figurative qualities of language. Each of these terms, though, has a specific meaning and it is important to know these meanings in order to have a terminology for analyzing the subtleties and complexities of
However, in expressive texts the semantic meaning very often comes first, making the sound effects recede in importance. Newmark (1981:67) advocate the idea of sound being secondary in comparison to meaning by saying that: “in a significant text, semantic truth is cardinal, whilst of the three aesthetic factors, sound is likely to recede in importance.” Therefore, if poetry’s beauty depends on the sound rather than on the semantic meaning, the translator must find the appropriate translation procedures to provide the same sound effect otherwise the preservation of meaning might require that sound is
Devices such as rhythm, onomatopoeia , alliteration and assonance are sometimes used to obtain incantatory or musical effects. The use of symbolism, ambiguity, irony and other stylistic elements of poetic diction often leaves a poem open to multiple analysis. Similarly figures of speech such as simile , metaphor and metonymy create a quality between otherwise disparate