Athens introduced democracy, while single city states instead of larger regions were being governed. Also, this was the time when the first Greek coins were created. Along with these, this period also saw the establishment of the iconic pottery and sculpture ancient Greece is known for ____________________________________________ Since a large part of Greece is located on islands and coastline, Greece was a water based civilization from the beginning, and in 725 BC, they started to create a strong water- based military. During the Persian War, it was the navy that gave them the desicive advantage, it helped them defeat the Persians. The formation of Greek city states began with the Mycenaean civilization.
This journey continues until 501 BC, where Satyr play was introduced in the very similar way as modern Satyr. The oldest survived drama is a historical tragedy The Persians written by Aeschylus. Between the years 270 and 240 BC, Roman Republic took over so many parts of Greek territory. The end of war was the beginning of Classical Roman Drama. The most important achievements of this era was invention of Comedies and Tragedies by Livius Andoronicu, 240 BC.
One of the most memorable and important pieces of architect from the Hellenistic Greek era would be the Altar of Zeus at Pergamon in western Turkey. The altar was commissioned in the first half of the second century (166- 156 BC) during the rule of King Eumenes II or Attalos II to commemorate territorial victories over Pontos and Bithynia. The Altar was also dedicated to Zeus and Athena in gratitude for their help in the war against the Galatians (aka: barbarians) that were threatening the Pergamane Empire from the east. The Altar of Zeus is very well known for its very grand design and also for it’s frieze, which wraps 370 feet around the base of the altar, depicting gigantomachy (the struggle between gods and the giants). The statue as a whole is thought to have been designed by Phyromachos of Athens, the last of the greatest sculptors from Ancient Greece.
Indo-European immigrants developed into a community and Rome was founded in 753 BC. Over the next century, the language was influenced by the Indo-European Etruscans. As the Roman Empire took power, classical Latin became the formal language of business and government and was used to unify the vast empire. The language spread by conquest from Mesopotamia, down to Northern Africa, over to Spain and Portugal and up to Great Britain. The Roman Empire reached its peak in 117 AD under Augustus Caesar and he took a special interest in developing the language.
The Minoans, located on the island of Crete, existed during the middle Bronze Age and flourished from approximately 2000 BC to 1500 BC. During this time, the Minoan civilization was successfully able to create unique artistic style as well as architecture. Heavily influenced by tradition, their art included many famous archeological discoveries, including the famous “Bull Leaping Fresco”, as well as statues of the “snake goddess”. Crete was also the location of the mythical labyrinth from the Minotaur myth. The civilization relied on trade with other cultures on the Aegean and the Mediterranean, and thus lived relied on the sea.
Magic and witchcraft has always fascinated human society; it dates to the beginning of human existence. It seems like the height of witchcraft and the believe in it seems to be in the ancient Greco-Roman era. They have many different stories of witchcraft and spells. Binding spells seemed to incredibly popular. Binding spells, or katadesmoi in Greek (Faraone 3), according to The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome, the earliest known binding spell is from Selinus in Siciliy, Circa 500 BC.
Hellenistic period in Greece Introductions Hellenistic period was that followed the classical age. The language and culture was spread into other world in this period. This period officially began with the Alexander the Great death. Hellenistic period in Greece was from 324 BCE to 1000BCE. The Greek city states weakened after the Peloponnesian war.
Tattoos have existed since 12,000 years BC. It is said that tattoos had started in Ancient Greek and in Rome. Tattoos have always played an important role in rituals and traditions over the time periods. Tattoos played different roles in different cultures over the world. Tattoos were used as a mode of communication in Greek culture.
Before the rise of the classical Greek culture, it is known that two related civilizations preceded Hellenic Greece: the Minoan and Mycenaean (was also known as the early Aegean civilizations). The Minoan or Cretan were the oldest non-Greek civilization that had an influence on mainland Greece. The Minoan society lasted about 1,350 years, from 2600-1250 B.C., and reached its peak during the period from 1700 to 1450 B.C. The center of Minoan civilization had brilliant palaces as evident by the kings wealth and power. Inside the palaces, there were workshops that produced daggers, pottery, and decorated silver vessels.