Figure 4: The Dual Process Model Of Coping

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Figure 4: Dual Process Model Extracted from [] Dual Process Model of Coping (DPM) developed by Stroebe & Schut’s (1999, 2001) illustrates a theoretically based cognitive model of coping. This model is designed for an important context relevant to the social, behavioural, and health sciences, namely, bereavement. The DPM outlines a dynamic process of coping whereby the bereaved person oscillates between two orientations: loss and restoration. Grief work, breaking bonds and thinking of the deceased person in a different place are considered part of the loss-oriented coping process, denying and avoiding changes associated with restoration. Attending to secondary stressors that come about as a consequence of the bereavement is considered as the phase of restoration-oriented coping. Fundamentally, the DPM defines adaptive coping as involving alternation between loss- and future-orientations, between approach and avoidant coping, and between negative and positive reappraisals. Thus, the DPM specifies the major adaptive tasks associated with bereavement, specific cognitive processes associated with each adaptive task, and describes what “effective” coping might look like in this context. DPM, known for its characteristic pattern of oscillation, is helpful in explaining adjustment to bereavement and may be helpful as identifying adaptive coping. This model can also be used to depict the coping approaches used by young adults in handling their daily stressors
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