Filipino Attachment Theory

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The theory of attachment was developed by John Bowlby who was trying to understand the sorrow of infants who has experienced separation from their parents. Bowlby observed that infants would do crying, clinging or frantically searching to prevent the separation from the attachment figure – someone who give protection, care, and support. (Fraley, 2010). Attachment styles are classified into three which are the secure, avoidant and ambivalent attachment style. Secure adolescent are the most dominant attachment style. The adolescent protests when their attachment figure departs but accepting the comfort and returning the exploration. (Lowenstein, 2008) According to Ainsworth (1970), it was stated that secure attached adolescents feel confident that their needs will be meet by their attachment figure. They are the ones who is comfortable in expressing their emotions positively and negatively with their parents and peers and will…show more content…
It is classified into two types which are dismissive-avoidant and fearful-avoidant. High avoidant adolescent is characterized into lack of trust toward others and weak communication. Dismissive-avoidant see themselves as lovable and worthy of care while fearful-avoidant see themselves as unlovable and not worthy of care. (De Guzman, 2006; Midel, 2001). Niolon (2010) shows that avoidant children may become anxious, clinging and angry with their parents. Typically, they come from their parents who has an insecure attachment type with their family. Insecure attachment can also result from emotional abuse. This is when the attachment figure becomes the source of fear instead of being the source of comfort. Emotional abuse is when the parent diminished the children’s needs and feelings. Verbal abuse is the most common emotional abuse. Some examples is when their attachment figure tell that they are “nothing”, “are a pain”, “have no rights” or
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