The necessary assessments assists clients in their choices. The second key area is to help identify the client’s abilities and interests so it can be evaluated to help him or her make the correct choice. Career counsellors help develop a mutual understanding of the counselee, the client’s own inclinations, capabilities, interests, restraints, resources and other
The counsellor plans an intervention for the client as well as personalises the problem and goal. The client will be able to understand the path that he wants or needs to from the process of self-exploration. The counsellor summarised the issues and situation faced by the client and when the counsellor is assured that the client agrees with the summary given, appropriate goals and plans will be formulated for the intervention. To monitor the client’s progress of achieving his goals, specified goals which are set by the client are devised. The counsellor guides the client in making his goals specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and has a time frame for him to achieve the
Structuralist linguists believed that human beings learn language by the conditioning and habit formation through stimuli and responses what B.F. Skinner named as "verbal behavior". It ignored the role of mind in the process of language learning (Brown, 2007, p. 26). In outset of second world war, U.S. government tried to develop foreign language teaching for military purposes so the army specialized training program was created which its goal was reaching to conversational proficiency (Richards & Rodgers, 2001). The major prominent approach in second and foreign language teaching in hay days of structuralism was audio-lingual method. Chastain (1988) claimed " The audio-lingual method had the major influence on language teaching and learning from the 1950s into the 1970s" which was based on "mimicry-memorization" (p.87).
Through planning the project, the project manager may discover that the project background is not consistent with the reality. In this case, the project manager must redefine the project background. So, there is a feedback between initiating the project and planning the project. Each phase includes a set of activities to achieve it. Fig 2: Project life cycle  The performance of project managers can be easily measured for a specific SPM knowledge area because each area includes a set of activities and skills related to a specific SPM competency.
The grammar debate has been around for decades. In the article of ‘Enhancing Competency in English’, Shah has explained about the advantages and disadvantages of both covert approach and overt approach in a very precise and thorough way. On the other hand, Wilson, in ‘Testing the Covert Method of Grammar Teaching’, advocated the usage of covert approach in teaching grammar by conducting a survey on learners’ interest. In ‘To Grammar or Not to Grammar’, Weaver, McNally and Moerman have discussed about the methods and stages in implementing the application of approaches. In addition, the article of ‘Teaching Grammar in Context’ by Mart advocated the notion of using context-based grammar in teaching grammar effectively.
Chapter 1: THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND British Council stated that the English language has been one of the official languages in the Philippines. It is often used in business, law, and many other fields. English as a Second Language (ESL) programs is being offered locally. Somehow In a discussion organized by the British Council stated that the Philippines should not be at ease of doing fine in terms of English competency. The Philippines needs to advance step its efforts in improving the teaching and learning of English.
The Republic Act 9258 which is more popularly known as the Guidance and Counseling Act of 2004 is a law crafted and designed to professionalize the practice of guidance and counseling in the Philippines. According to this law, guidance and counseling is the profession that involves the use of an integrated approach to the development of a well-functioning individual primarily by helping him or her to utilize his or her potentials to the fullest and plan his or her present and future in accordance with his or her abilities, interests, and needs. It also includes the functions such as counseling, psychological testing, learning and study orientation, research, placement, referral and group processes. In addition to this, the CMO
Philippines, an archipelagic country within Southeast Asia, as we know it, is very rich in historical and cultural heritage. Wherever you go, you can always find something interesting to learn and know about. This country, as we can observe, consists of different and various traditions and cultures that is due to the different influences of the different colonizers that happened to occur. That even our language has a mix or is derived from foreign words. All having unique stories of places, things, personas, and events that connect us to the past, even before the Spanish, Japanese, and American colonization, up to President Marcos’ martial law, significant happenings that somehow taught us and moulded us into becoming what we are now, citizens of an independent country or in other words, Filipinos.
In a conducted study related with this topic, a data showed the existence of code-switching in the English subject of the Filipino students. They stated that they happen to switch the two languages from time to time (Valerio, 2015). Many recent studies have been fixated on the effects of bilingualism on the eloquence of the learners in the English language. As the time passes by, the students’ inferiority in conversing with other people using the English language became more substandard. Some of the usual complications
The author gave focus to non-traditional families, such as single working mothers, disrupted families, adoptive families, and many more. Tarroja also included different studies from other researchers about the effect of non- traditional families to children and compared them to children that are in traditional families. The implications of these various types of families to Filipino psychologists are; that they should keep watch and follow the trend of these various types of Filipino families and they are highly encouraged to