I will explain why I think that the putsch itself failed, but successfully, if indirectly played a part in how the Nazis rose to power. In 1923, Stresemann called off the passive resistance in the Ruhr and agreed that Germany would start paying the reparation fees again. Many right-winged enemies of the Weimar Republic felt betrayed, humiliated and wounded in their pride. Their
Propaganda was a very important tool used in World War Two that even Hitler recognised its importance and used it during his rule in Germany with the Nazi Party. The word “propaganda” originated in 1622 and was used by many countries afterword to influence the populations’ behavior, beliefs, and attitudes toward something. Hitler realized how important propaganda was and established the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda and anointed Joseph Goebbels to be the head of it. The Ministry then used many forms of propaganda to influence the non-jewish Germans in Germany. “One of Hitler’s first acts as chancellor was to establish the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, demonstrating his belief that controlling information was as important as controlling the military and the economy.
A Violation The Treaty of Versailles was a violation of Wilson’s ideals. The Treaty is one of the most important agreements (or disagreements) that shaped 20th century Europe socially and physically. Woodrow Wilson on January 22, 1917 in an address to the United States Senate called for a peace without victors, but the Treaty signed by the participating nations was everything but that. The blame for the war was placed on Germany and justified the reparations that were outlined by the treaty for the war. The terms of the treaty were very harsh to the Germans and they took on great resentment.
German expressionism was a movement starting before the First World War and reached a peak in 1920, Berlin and ended after 1920s. During this period, Germany who had lost in the First World War, was preparing for the Second World War and along that the grief, agony or anger the people felt built up. Moreover, ever since the loss in the First World War, Germany had been going through economic and political issues which influenced the society to focus more on expressing one’s emotions about the dreadful reality. One of the methods used in this process is film. Film in Germany had especially developed during this period, mostly having a somber mood featuring anti-hero characters along with a sense of paranoia.
The Nazi party capitalized on the conditions present in Germany and was able to rise to power. The following sections provide a brief overview of the problems that Germany faced because of the Treaty. For further information please reference the primary and secondary sources.
It led to American banks withdrawing their loans from Germany, and the already struggling German economy collapse overnight. Hitler took advantage of the people’s anger, offering them convenient scapegoats and a promise to restore Germany to their former greatness.” (Gendler Alex, Hazard Anthony, How did Hitler rise to Power?, YouTube). This overwhelming event, strengthens Hitler’s support with people calling for a stronger leader that will not let Germany down but put Germany to their former
The film chronicles the 1934 Nazi Party Congress in Nuremberg, which was attended by more than 700,000 Nazi supporters and according to Sontag was designed for the convenience of the cameras where reality has been reconstructed to fit the fascist message (Sontag, 1975). The beauty and symmetry of the marching torch parade and the precision of the organized event provide a psychological spectacle that Ellul states are essential to the success of propaganda. Ellul (1957) states that “propaganda employs psychological methods of influencing; attempts to predetermine a decision” (p. 66). The use of visuals and symbolism of the torches, swastikas, and uniforms creates emotion for the observer and removes the normalcy of everyday object identification to subjective interpretation, a desire to participate in the beauty of the spectacle. Triumph of the Will, use of mystic symbols, torches, pageantry, and uniforms creates the fascist aesthetic as perfection in the propagandist art (PowerPoint, week
Propaganda is the dispersal of information to impact or control large groups of individuals. The story of how the Nazi rose to power in Germany is regularly seen as an ideal example of how to accomplish political ends through propaganda. They were so powerful and forceful in utilizing publicity and propaganda to assemble support for their gathering and arrangements for war. In authoritarian regimes like Nazi Germany, propaganda played a notable role in persuading and convincing the Germans to believe in Hitler’s regime. Nazi used propaganda for two purposes, to construct a favorable and pleasing image of Hitler and to create a cynical and obstructive perception of those thought to be adversaries, especially Jews.
Alan Sennett gives more interesting insight about the power of imagery in his journal article, Film Propaganda: Triumph of the Will as a Case Study: Of particular significance and artistic merit is the aforementioned opening sequence that constructs Hitler as a god-like figure descending from the heavens through the clouds over Nuremberg to visit his adoring worshippers. The powerful religious imagery of the first part of the film surely could not have been achieved simply through competent montage of newsreel sequences. Riefenstahl’s careful editing of footage taken with wide angle and telephoto lenses from prepared positions locates the audience within the spectacle itself. One of the first feelings I had when watching the film was that I was at the rally among the people. The footage was different from clips and films I have watched in history class or on the history channel.
Produced in 2005, Marc Rothermund’s Sophie Scholl – The Final Days illustrates how life is a matter of choice and not chance. Using symbolism, Sophie Scholl confronts the major social issues inflicted by Nazi Germany in the mid twentieth century. One social issue, the freedom of thinking, is the main theme within the film. The producers strive to exemplify this as they demonstrate the courage and strength of Sophie and Hans Scholl. Freedom within Germany was almost non-existent as Adolf Hitler and the Nazis slowly went into denial after the defeat at the Battle of Stalingrad.