Film Composer: Jean Gremillon, The Composer

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0 Jean Gremillon, the composer Film critics and historians have long thought of Jean Gremillon as one of the most musical filmmakers. They have emphasized Gremillon 's distinctive use of music and the meticously constructed soundtrack of some of his films. They have also stressed the fact that Gremillon was a musician before becoming a film director. Born in 1901, Bayeux of Normandy, Gremillon came up to Paris in 1920 and studied composition at the Schola Cantorum. His first contact with films came when he played the violin in a small orchstra that accampanied silent pictures. Documentary-maker at first, he switched soon to fiction in the late 1920s. His more popular films are fiction features in the 1930s and 40s, mainly melodrames, played by the most brilliant stars of that time such as Jean Gabin and Michele Morgan, or by his favourite actress, Madeleine Renaud. For those films, Gremillon ordered professional composers to write the music. One of them is Henri Dutilleux who composed the music for Gremillon 's last fiction feature, L’Amour d’une femme (The Love of a Woman,1953). At the same time, he continued to take documentaries until his death in 1959. From Tour au large in 1926 to Andre Masson et quatre elements, his last film, Gremillon is resposable for ths music of his seven documentaries, 3 as a composer, 2 as an arranger, and 3 as a selectioner. It is true that there are a number of filmmakers who made films inspired by the musical works, but Grémillon
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