The power hungry Cixi ordered the riddance of the current emperor allowing her to claim the throne. Soon after, Cixi would use the secret societies of China, such as the Society of Harmonious Fists, to attack Western missionaries and civilians in order to rid China of foreigners. In addition, Cixi demanded that the Qing army completely ignore the Boxers, essentially giving them the privilege to do as they please. Without authority over a group of militants and the Chaos that ensued, a sign of the loss of the mandate of Heaven, the Western powers formed a coalition to put down the Boxer rebellion. The coalition’s fleet arrived and Beijing and quickly put down the rebellion comprised of, as the name implies, boxers that did not use any guns.
The First Opium war (March 18, 1839 - August 29, 1842) arose because Foreign traders were illegally exporting opium to China. It was leading to widespread social and economic problems. The Chinese government were trying to suppress the opium trade so, in March 1839 the Chinese government confiscated and destroyed more than 1400 tons of opium in Canton. This was the beginning of the casualties of 69 British troops and approximately 18,000 Chinese soldiers. The disputes ended in 1842 when British troops captured Namking in August, resulting in the Treaty
At this time, the Burmese king sent one Mingi Maha Tiloa with presents to the Ahom king. Seeing the Joypur fort, they became infuriated and treacherously killed the Barbarua. The Ahom king in fear fled to the British territory. The Burmese then placed Jogeswar Singha on the throne as the titular head and began to rule the
In the seventeenth century, Japan was recovering from the Warring States period, a period of war and strife. The Tokugawa clan, after seizing power at the start of the century, soon embraced isolationism as their social policy, a policy that historians later called “sakoku,” or “closed country” policy. Under sakoku policy, Japanese natives were forbidden to leave the country unlicensed, and foreign trade was restricted, with European trade cut out entirely (Ohno). Tokugawa Iemitsu installed the policy due to the growing Christian population in Japan, as a way to limit its influence. Sakoku policy in the seventeenth century largely succeeded in preventing Europeans from becoming involved in their country by reducing the religious influence of
Date Accessed 4 May 2017 Source C deals with the non-cooperation movement of 1920–22 in which Gandhi sought to induce the British government of India to grant self-government to govern themselves. It was one of Gandhi’s first organized acts of large-scale civil disobedience (satyagraha). This was brought about by the widespread outcry in India over the massacre at Amritsar in April 1919. The massacre relates to British troops killing hundreds of Indians resulting in widespread anger due to little or no consequence against the perpetrators. The non-cooperation and civil disobedience movement was once again premised on nonviolence in which Indians resigned from their titles, boycotted government educational institutions, the courts, government
Moreover, many political conflicts, which were clearly affected between the years of 1792 to 1842, arose as the Opium War was developing and was progressing to a conclusion; it is explicitly evident that the idea of the Chinese and British government contradicting each other was essentially the cause of the Opium War in the first place. But the tense times, Commissioner Lin Ze-Xu stayed incredibly loyal to his main task that was handed to him by the Daoguang Emperor – destroy all of the opium and prevent any more from entering China – he was able to dispose all of the opium that he was able to gain control of in different ways, such as “arresting 1,700 dealers, [seizing] crates of the drug” on both the Chinese harbors and on ships at sea, and
In 1219 Genghis went to war against the Khwarazm Empire. Genghis and the sultan had agreed before to a trade treaty, but when the first cargo came to them they stole the goods and its workers were killed. On top of that, the sultan then killed some of Genghis’s ambassadors. Then Genghis got angry and acted,
These wars as mentioned above, in particular, the third Anglo–Ashanti wars of 1873–1874, accounted to be a modern war. At the end of the war, ‘the Ashanti had abandoned the capital after a bloody war. The British burned it’ (Lloyd, 1964) where the Asantehene signed harsh terms of the treaty in July 1874. The defeat on the forth Anglo–Ashanti wars, enforced the Asantehene, Agyeman Prempeh (Prempeh I) to sign the treaty which put the empire merely the ‘British Protectorate’ ending its independence in 1896. After the war and harsh terms of the treaty, Prempeh I was deposed, arrested and exiled to Seychelles, other members, royals and supporters of the Asantehene were exiled in 1902 after the 1900 Ashanti Uprising.
This treaty allowed the United States and Great Britain to trade in the middle of the French Revolutionary War, thus, angering France, which lead them to attack American ships. Three Diplomats were then sent to France to negotiate with three agents but the agents only tried to bribe the diplomats. However, the diplomats would not except the bribe. Congress wanted war but President Adams did not want war, instead, he wanted to expand the military. Congress stopped trading with France and any alliance they had with them and tripled the size of the army.
This led to the American Railway Union leading a strike. Protesters were furious and wanted to burn down the trains. This strike caused the Pullman Company to protect their train cars with guns. Eventually, the federal government was called to end the strike. Not only did industrial workers respond by uniting together for the Pullman Strike, but the industrial workers also went on strike at the Haymarket Square Riot.