“Formative assessment is a process used by teacher and students during instruction that provides feedback to adjust on going teaching and learning to improve students’ achievement of intended instructional outcomes (Caroline Wylie and Christine Lyon, 2013).” I believe that formative assessments are essential for both students and teachers to inform instruction within lessons and they confirm how much students know about the lesson and how teacher can support to engage in their learning. I approve that asking better questions affords students an opportunity for deeper thinking and provides teachers to know the levels of students’ understanding. In my class, when I started the lesson with inquiring based questions by eliciting learners’ level of background knowledge, the students promptly gave feedback or response quickly to me. It was so notable that I could make
They should be actively involved in its implementation and its importance in lifelong learning. Generally, students judge their own work against a given criteria, provide information on how they can improve on that work in future and then grade their work. When the word “formative” is used in conjunction with assessment or evaluation, it connotes an improvement process while the word “summative” is used to describe a decision making process. 2.6 Distinctions between Self-assessment and Self-evaluation Assessment and Evaluation are necessary and complementary in education. Educators use assessment and evaluation to help their students build lifelong learning skills.
IX. Professional Reflection – added after lesson is taught Your reflection should include, but not be limited to, thoughtful answers to each of the following: 1.Were the instructional objectives met? How do I know the students learned what was intended? The instructional objectives of my reading lesson plan were met. I know that the students in my class learned what I need them to learn from my reading lesson.
It assists my learners in learning and helps in identifying their strengths and weaknesses. It helps me to decide what information or skills students still need to learn. Basically, it drives the next instruction. I have also noticed that assessment is totally class specific. What might work for one batch would not work for another.
However, I was also able to identify my weaknesses in reflection-on-action. Currently, I will write notes down directly on my lesson plans. I may write that a certain strategy worked well in helping students understand a concept, or I may write down what I added into my lesson last minute to make it more engaging. What is missing from my reflections though is a systematic approach and questioning why I did something, or how something came to be. In order for my reflections to be more meaningful, I need to find a formal systematic way to keep my notes on lessons.
According to Duffy (2004) it is important for the mentor to facilitate learning needs and assessment by giving the student the opportunity to reflect on their learning needs and assess themselves. It is also arguable that it is important for a student to identify their own learning needs and self-assessment but the mentor needs to adhere to assessment process in order to provide fair and accurate assessment (Walsh 2014). The most important role of a mentor is to assess the progress of a student accurately and identify the learning needs and problems which the student is encountering on a placement at an early stage. (Philips et al 2000). To assess accurately and holistically a mentor should be able to assess the student’s competency through measurable assessment tools and to do assessment process accurately (Embo et al 2015).
As a teacher, it is my responsibility to aid my students in developing the necessary skills that will further their self-regulated learning experience, and allow them to comprehend that using self-regulation strategies can directly influence their learning and grades. To do this, I would first have to select a behavior that I would like my students to be able to self-monitor, then collect baseline data to act as an objective benchmark for comparing pre and post strategy work, motivate my students to actively participate in self-monitoring, introduce the necessary procedures, allow my students to independently practice the strategies, and then evaluate how effective the strategy was for my students (Zimmerman, Bonner, & Kovach, 1996). These six stages of implementing self-regulation strategies into a classroom setting are vitally important as they benefit new teachers, such as myself; actualize the process of self-regulation among
The principles of cooperative and collaborative learning are to set learners to work together in small groups to perform tasks, with specific inputs leading to a learning situation and having a common learning goal. This quite often helps learners to launch in special discussions which help them broaden their knowledge in learning and motivate them to hear their own voices when developing their own views about various topics. Another area of learning which has become a buzz word is critical thinking, which is a collection of mental activities that include the ability to intuit, clarify, and judge. Actually critical thinking has become significant in academics due to being significant in learning. Good teachers put in practice critical thinking at every stage of the learning process of application.
This involved rigorous reflection and learning with the specific objectives of reflecting on and learning from, their different pedagogical approaches and spending time in “professional conversation” in order to develop the “competencies required” in order to “successfully confront the challenges of teaching” (UCC 2017, p57). It was in these early weeks that I formed my own personal curricular stance as a Constructivist and Process based teacher. In one of my earlier critical reflections I provided a detailed analysis of my cooperating teacher’s use of creative questioning techniques in the classroom and strategies of engagement on a topic concerning the context of which Jesus was born. I took this reflection as a marker towards evaluating whether or not his questioning techniques and overall teaching style constituted a form of a Constructivist teaching. His approach was particularly successful and for me it evoked distinct similarities to the teaching strategy of Constructivism.
USE QUESTIONING AND FEEDBACK TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE ASSESSMENT PROCESS UNIT 2, 6.4 LITERATURE REVIEW Harlen explains that there are two main reasons for assessing students: to help their learning and to report on what they have learned. He argues that researchers typically discuss these reasons as different purposes for assessment and “mistakenly as different kinds of assessments that are somehow opposed to one another” (Harlen, 2007b). How can they achieve the aim? When learners know and understand these principles, the quality of learning will improve. Sharing this information with my learners will promote ownership of the learning aims and a sense of shared responsibility between me the teacher and learner to achieve those aims.