is a core product quality. People, places, and practices matter. Therefore, everyone in the chain — from the seed supplier to the produce broker — becomes interested and invested in making sure the chain produces sustainable farm businesses along the way. It follows that the term Food Value Chain comes from “values-based food supply chain,” which is a way of describing how changes in consumer and community values are driving changes in food supply chains. The Food Value Chain, therefore, represents an important set of considerations and to be called as a successful food value chain, all of the partners must get benefited from
A Study on Institutional Credit to Agriculture in India *T.THAMIZHVANAN **B.REVATHI Introduction Credit is one of the crocial inputs for agricultural development. It capitalizes farmers to undertake new investments or adopt new technologies. The importance of agricultural credit is reinforced by the unique role of indian agriculture in the macroeconomic framework along with significant role in poverty alleviation. The emphasis on the institutional framework for agricultural
AGRARIAN REFORM: Agrarian reform is best described as Government started or Government supported redistribution of agricultural land or in the broader sense to the country’s overall redirection of agrarian system which includes land reform measures. EFFECTS OF AGRARIAN REFORM IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT Effects of Agrarian Reform indicate about the consequence of reallocation of agricultural resources of a country. Numerous developing nations have got benefit by applying Agrarian Reform. It covers various problems of agriculture like rental fee, cooperatives, tax etc. The most important resource of agriculture is land so the Agrarian reform mainly focuses on the redistribution of land.
Agriculture played a very important role in the regions of Europe in which in which later the Industrial Revolution would take hold. This can be explained because to have people start producing non-agricultural goods, farmers must produce a surplus that can be exchanged for these goods, and this was the basis of the Industrial Revolution that happened in North-Western Europe. This surplus is also responsible in determining the size of possible investments in technology that would further increase agricultural production. The key factors in the development of such surpluses can be traced to the new type of land property system and the technology developments occurred in the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries, before the Industrial Revolution. The
An Analysis of the Model of Contract Farming adopted by PepsiCo Metika Sikka Tanvi Singh Agro-industries are given high priority in India particularly because of their great potential for contributing to development. Contract farming is widely seen to help strengthen the existing marketing system and thereby reap the benefits of technological development. Notwithstanding these benefits the flip side also exists wherein contract farming is further marginalising the small farmers in the competitive bargaining. This paper examines the model of contract farming adopted by PepsiCo with special emphasis on its potato contract farms. The private sector has been assigned a key role by the government under the national policy of agriculture which is envisaged through the promotion of contract farming and land leasing arrangements.
Farmers need to maintain long-term relationships with banks and other financial agents, as financial services provided by these institutions help farmers to keep operating and growing their businesses (KIT, 2010). Since the last decade, rural finance has become more and more an accepted subject. Especially in less-developed countries, more and more farmers have access to financial services, which support them in several ways. The main point is that farmers need to sustain these ‘financial’ relations, not the other way around. When looking at traders, they can, and actually have to, build strong relations with farmers to achieve value chain efficiency.
Generally, a lack of understanding pertaining to the factors that hinder the performance of small-scale farmers to achieve both volume and quality exist. Thus, managers and decision makers may provide inappropriate solutions to upholding small-scale farmers in commercial markets. Despite the need for a comprehensive study on the commitment from government and the huge investments made to help emerging farmers through the Kalahari corporation project to be integrated into commercial Agri-food chains, the performance of emerging farmer in commercial agri-food chains leaves much to be desired. Ultimately, the poor performance of the emerging farmers means that the objective to allow farmers to improve their livelihoods through Kalahari corporation project is not
In other words, agricultural development is the creation of enabling environment for the small-holder farmers to achieve efficiency. Dankara (2004) defined agricultural development as a continuous and systematic attempt to utilize the agricultural resources of a nation in order to benefit agricultural workers and the general populace. Agricultural development occurs where there is sustainable quantitative and qualitative improvement in all or almost all the sectors of agriculture. Agriculture is said to be developed if it is dependable, mature and well diversified (Chukwu, 2009). From the above concept, agricultural development is the act of transforming the crude methods of agricultural production in order to boost large scale production in the agrarian
Automatic Irrigation Process The process of irrigation has been used for many years to increase growth of crops. The method to carry out this process is continuously modifying with the technological advances. Up till now, the most reliable innovation in this scenario is the use of sensors and wireless units which serve as the guide for process requirement. The use of various sensors for irrigation process has reduced human interference. As suggested by Shahin A. Pathan and MR. S. G. Hate (2016) that, agriculture is the main field for a country’s financial system.
Contribution of Agriculture towards Development of Rural Areas. SUMMARY 1. Farming is the fabric of rural society and, in many countries of the world, it is the main economic activity. Any sudden and profound changes which impacted on the farm sector could have severe consequences in terms of social and political stability in economically developing countries. 2.