First Navigation Act

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Falen Graham Prof. Dockswell AMH 2010 9/21/15 Research Paper 1: Question 3 The British enacted several suffocating taxes and regulations upon the American colonies. The First Navigation Act, established in 1660, mandated that all trading ships must be built in Britain, the ship’s passengers must be seventy-five percent American or British, and specific goods could only be exported to Britain (class notes). Colonial America was filled with different nationalities, making the passenger restriction difficult to overcome. Then, The Second Navigation Act was passed. This act further restricted trade, disallowing any trade that did not go directly through England. To discourage smuggling, Britain added a shipping tax. In 1711,…show more content…
This is the battle of Bunker Hill. The colonists fought bravely, and although the British took Bunker Hill, they lost many men. In July of 1775, Congress drafted Olive Branch petition, attempting to restore peace between the British and the Americans (Keene, et al., p. 110). Congress addressed King George III, asking him to intervene in the conflict, but he refused. This was the final push for independence, as it was evident the British would refuse to compromise. Thomas Paine, an English immigrant, wrote Common Sense, a pamphlet attempting to drive the force of independence. In Common Sense, he criticized British policies and the British monarchy. He strongly stood by a democratic government, and stated that separation from their mother country was the only possible action that made sense (Keene, et al., p. 110). Paine had Common Sense printed cheaply so that all people could afford to purchase it. Paine also made sure to write plainly, so that all could understand his…show more content…
On July 3, 1776, they voted for independence. The Second Continental Congress appointed a committee to write the Declaration of independence, and on July 4, 17, they approved and signed it. The Declaration of Independence was to be copied and sent to each state. The Declaration of Independence was not only aimed at Britain, but all European nations. This included France and Spain, enemies of Britain. This was to ensure allies to help America in overcoming the British Empire. With help from their foreign allies, America was able to overcome the British forces, and the Treaty of Paris of 1783 was signed. America was finally
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