In addition, Lauren DeVoe quoted, “Canons were laws based on the original teachings of Christ 's apostles that governed both the hierarchy of the church and the lives of Christians.” Through the Canon Law, the church was able to hold rule over non religious leaders, often caused conflicts between the church. Therefore, the Canon law then became the fundamentals of the common law. The law making of the church uses the Roman Justinian law as a support of its structure. The system used an inquisitorial style of legal proceedings, where a team of judges take out those
The Islam religion was in charge of most of the Iberian peninsula, however neighboring European countries pushed back when the Muslims tried to advance more in Europe. These neighboring countries took the peninsula from the Muslims in 1250, turning it Christian. They left one kingdom to remain Muslim and that was Granada. In 1480, the Catholic Monarchs prolonged Catholicism in their kingdoms with the Spanish Inquisition. After both the Reconquista and the Inquisition, Catholicism spread throughout Spanish politics and culture, making it the most widespread religion in Spain with seventy to seventy-five percent of the population following it.
This quote highlights the interdependence of politics and religion, as power is divided between “political credentials” which are qualifications that the king has and “ritual commission” which are qualifications marabouts have, in order to for a village to function both have to work together, therefore stressing on the fact that any important decisions or political decision the king has to make, has to be approved by the marabout. The reign of Mandinka kings have always been tied to religion, because rituals and other practices help in the assumption of power. In Mandinka cosmology, power is perceived not as a process, but as an entity to be stockpiled until enough is gained to enable the processor to exercise social and political control over others. The stockpiling process is accomplished religiously, among other ways, through occult practices, such as conjuring and the preparation and wearing of amulets and talismans. (“Mandinka”) This selection depicts power as objects that are gained and amassed in order to attain a certain power level that allows to rule over people, but the process of “stockpiling” can only happen through religious practices such as “conjuring”.
The English Queen Elizabeth’s reign was full of challenges. Not only did she have to unify a religiously divided kingdom, but she also had to protect herself from the assassination attempts encouraged by the Pope. The Spanish Armada undertook such an attempt in 1588. She recruited an army full of people against her because she was a woman, she was illegitimate, she was protestant and she was not married. However, she needed them to protect her and her protestant realm.
“Visual Literacy” The influence of the Counter-Reformation on the state of visual art in the early 16th century was dramatic. Much of the art of this period was used as an educational tool for Catholics who may not have been literate, but were devoted to the images and sculptures in their churches. Protestants, especially Martin Luther who translated Scripture into the common vernacular, were extremely adamant about the masses being literate especially in regards to Scripture. As a way to present the same education to the entire population, the Catholic Church emphasized education by visual literacy. Many of the defining features of Baroque art can be traced back to the influence of the Catholic Church, specifically the members of the Jesuits.
The Spanish conquest of the Mexica caused changes in both Spanish’s and Mexica’s lifestyles. The Spanish had to change the culture of the conquered Mexica while the Mexica had to try to resist the cultural and political changes of the powerful Spanish. The Codex Boturini visually demonstrates the migration stories of the Mexica people after leaving Azlan to find Tenochtitlan. The Codex Boturini illustrates the several steps and stages the Mexica had to go through to find their dedicated space, the struggles they endured, and the events they celebrated such as fire ceremonies and sacrifices to the gods. On the other hand, the Codex Chimalpahin offers another point of view of the migration story of the Mexica since the author, Chimalpahin, wrote it after the conquest.
Williams in his striving for Indian relations led him to become an intermediary between the two nations, he was for the English a diplomat during King Phillip’s War and the Pequot War. However, for the Native Americans, he was a trader who traded commodities of great value to them. However, on the issue of the authority of the Church Williams and Eliot’s views were greatly differed. Eliot believed that the ideals held by the church, for example (Jarvis 51) Eliot says “ I find it absolutely necessary carry on religion with civilitie”. Civility being one of the largest aspects in Eliot’s mission to bring the ideals of Civic Duty to the Indians.
By following the Europeans, people showed their weakness by following the words and action of others. The Aztecs and the Mayas were conquered, because they thought that the Europeans were Gods. The second effect of the European exploration was the spread of religion. By setting out on expeditions to the Americas, explorers were going with the thought and goal to persuade the natives to accept their beliefs and to convert them to Christianity, by spreading this religion around the
Religion can be classified as a set of beliefs or principles that influence the motive or thinking of it 's follower. It affects a person’s understanding of the ultimate reality, shapes his/her worldview of the nature of life and is a solution for humanity 's problem. The quest for meaning begins with the human search for God and the idea of truth. The outcome of this search is the birth of religion, in which there are so many theories seeking the exact origin of a religion. I do not intend this writing to be on the history of religion but I wish to comment that throughout the history of civilisation, religion has played a prominent role in many societies.
Different issues happened in the diverse world will view differently by people in different religions. (Paul Nicholls) Morality is nothing more than arithmomancy if it is without the backing of religion. (Reza, 1998) 2.1.1 Religions Religion always comes with a defined set of moral standard. There are numerous definitions of religions given thinkers according to their own conceptions. The latin word of “religion” mean that “binds us together as people or community” (Williams, 2000).