Research shows that motivated employees tend to display more positive work attitudes than employees who are not motivated. Therefore it is important that organizations identify these factors that affect employee motivation. The first section analyses the summary of purpose, rationale and related literature of this study. The
Motivation can be described as a functioning development that occurs when interior compensations are earned through an interesting and challenging work, the activation of the workers to achieve the company’s business goals and the effort to create appropriate incentives for cooperation between the employees so as for them to accomplish the objectives set by the company. Τhere are factors of particular importance to the definition of motivation in the workplace which will lead to a higher performance
Management is the administration of a company, a not-for-profit organization, or government body. Personnel management has been formulated over the years and includes staff motivation as a part of the science. Therefore, motivation is a process of persuading a person (especially employee) to do something in a particular way. Widespread methods of it are tangible and intangible, tangible motivation is by money and intangible is by some other ways, which have been proven in the book The Engaging Manager: The Joy of Management and Being Managed (2012) which has written by Furnham. The main reason to use motivation principles is to save a company’s financial resources by using social recognition.
4.0 DISCUSSION 4.1 Importance of Motivation The research shows that motivation is the key performance of improvement and able to bring many benefits to organization. Thus, managers need to find creative ways in which to consistently keep their employees motivated as much as possible. Rodda (1997) said that a study by Hersey and Blanchard in 1988 found that most workers can keep their jobs (i.e., not be fired) by working at 25% of their ability. Nevertheless, once these same workers are motivated which are working towards something or for some reason, they achieve 85-90% of their ability. Below is the graph to illustrate the concept of motivation: Note: Data source from Motivation in The Workplace by Angela Rodda, (1997).
But first we need to know how employees feel motivated in work place. Motivation is a basic psychological process (Olusegun, 2012). According to the journal by Olusegun 2012, motivation is a crucial factor of our behavior along with perception, personality, attitudes and learning. Motivation is the “willingness to exert prominent levels of effort toward organizational goals, conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual need” (Ball). Motivation can be characterized as strengths acting together or inside an individual to start a behavior.
Understanding and Inspiring management – If the management of the workplace are understanding and push their workers to achieve the best they possibly can in a friendly way this will make the individuals happier in their work and therefore more motivated to complete the task at hand. 1.3 All people have their own factors and motives in life which influence their motivation in the workplace. These factors can be both external and internal. External factors: Children – They may need to adjust their working hours to leave early and pick the children up from school. They may not be available to work overtime or at weekends.
The concept of motivation is broad and subjective, thus the definitions differ from one person to another. The notion is complex and hard to clearly define or explain since it is used in more than one area; however we will focus on the motivation of men and women at work, and mainly in companies. When entering the working market, each individual has different motives to wake up every day and exercise their profession. One can easily argue that the MAIN motive is earning money, and that every one of us works towards that unique goal, which could be, rationally speaking, true in the facts. But the most interesting part lays in the following questions: What, in a company, motivates employees to work harder?
The growing trends of attrition rates and employee dissatisfaction among the employees have necessitated the approach and use of performance management by Human Resources (HR) professionals as a fuel to motivate employees. The latest trend being the use of performance management system and review process as a motivating mechanism. Employee motivation is one of the major issues faced by every organization. It is the major task of every manager to motivate his subordinates or to create the ‘will to work’ among the subordinates. It should also be remembered that a worker may be immensely capable of doing some work but nothing can be achieved if he is not willing to work.
Motivation deals with complex human behaviour to determine the factors which drive an individual to do his best. Various factors which drive an individual to work have been discussed under Maslow and Herberg Models. For example, in order to motivate the workers, management must, first of all, know what motivates their