Five Features Of Globalisation

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Globalisation can be defined as the growing interconnectedness of the world and its states. It remains to be a constant fixture in world politics. There are many views on how globalisation is affecting us. Some saying that there is no affect while others are saying that there is a catastrophic affect. The increase of economics and communication around the world has proven that globalisation is an actual reality (Baylis, Smith and Owens, 2014).
Globalisation has a major affect in how states are seen. Borders and territory become obsolete in which there is a new political geography. Sovereignty becomes less of a state based situation and more of a rule and authority with public power over global and regional territories. States autonomy is compromised
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These are but a few definitions of what a state can be. But there are five features that a state must have to be recognised and these are: a state must be sovereign; institutions of the state are public, but there is also a private sphere; the state must have legitimate authority; the state exercises domination; and the state is bound by territorial borders. According to international law, upheld by international organisations like the United Nations, a state is bound by territorial borders, has permanent inhabitants, has a working government and is able to cooperate with other nations (Heywood, 2013).
1.1. A brief outline of French history

France is seen as an independent nation in Western Europe. It is the third largest European nation (Nion, 1993).
France is a political nation because of the close link between the French National Identity and the traditions and principles of the 1789 French Revolution. A political nation refers to the fact that a country is joined together by a shared citizenship and loyalty rather than by their cultural identity. This idea of a political nation emphasises the civic duties and loyalties of a population (Heywood, 2013)
France was part of the Celtic territory during ancient times. The name “France” can be derived from the word “Francia” meaning “land of the Franks” (Nion,
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A brief outline of the United Nations history

The United Nations is the pillar in global efforts to manage all the issues that confront humanity. It has about 30 different organisations helping them sort through the day to day challenges of promoting human rights, environmental protection and the fight against poverty, terrorism and disease (Nion, 1993).
The United Nations used to be the League of Nations, which was formed because of the disastrous World War 1 (, n.d). The League of Nations was formed during the Peace Paris Conference of 1919 after the First World War. The leaders of the winning states, mainly the United States of America, hoped that the creation of this league as an international organisation would keep the peace between the nation states, prevent any other wars and would be permanent. The League of Nations was regarded as a failure as it was unable to stop the Germans from once again declaring war. This war became known as World War 2 (Seely, 2011).
After World War 2, the winning states tried again to create a group of peace keepers this time in the form of the United Nations, using the League of Nations as a basic model (Seely, 2011). The United Nations’ first declaration was during World War 2 in 1942, where the 26 nations involved agreed to keep fighting Germany and its allies (,
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