During Andrew Carnegie's life, life he was blamed for many things. Like treating his workers like pieces of machinery instead of people. Andrew Carnegie was born in Scotland in 1835 to a poor scottish family and forged his way to the top using the steel industry. He was taught the ways of business by Thomas Scott who told him to invest in certain companies to make money. He then used that money to build his first steel mill the Homestead steel mill. He then went on the build many other steel mills across the united states, completely dominating the steel industry. He was commonly known to mistreat his workers and only care about profits and his machines. His factory environments were awful and the conditions were harsh. Andrew Carnegie was
During the late 19th century, there was a growth in industrialization. This brought new opportunities for the poor and the rich. For example, Carnegie helped build the steel industry in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, which made him one of the richest man in the world. As Carnegie gained more wealth, he questioned who money should be given to. Carnegie was both a Robber Baron and a Captain of Industry.
First of all, he was a major pioneer in the steel industry and created one of the most successful steel companies of all time. Carnegie also played a lead role in recognizing the workers’ right to strike, as long as peaceful action is conducted. In addition to this, Carnegie disapproved of pools made by companies solely in order to raise prices and make more money. Second of all, Carnegie impacted the lives of so many with his work in philanthropy. He funded numerous libraries all across the U.S. and even in Europe, meriting him the title “Patron Saint of Libraries”.
The strikers eventually won causing the company to stay closed. Then five days later the governor in Pennsylvania sent soldiers to restore order and re-open the the plant. Two months later the strike was called off, Carnegie was criticized for Fricks actions. Carnegie did a lot to achieve his large empire, he fought competitors and made good business
Several industrialists had a major impact on the Gilded Age. These industrialists were Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, Vanderbilt, Thomas Edison, and Alexander Gram Bell. Andrew Carnegie made steel from iron which helped to build railroads and buildings. He also developed a process that sped up the production of steel by 96 times. This process is known as the Bessemer Process.
In a time, 1865 marked the end of Reconstruction of the North and the South after the Civil War. The start of the Second Industrial Revolution began with the invention of electrical power and mechanical engines. The United States expanded westward like never before with the creation of railroads, oil, and steel. The Election of 1896 marked a critical election when Republican William McKinley, United States President from 1897-1901, defeated his opponent in one of the most dramatic and complex elections in the young country’s history. Using the idea of American Imperialism, the United States aimed to spread their political, economic, and cultural control within the government over areas beyond their boundaries. It is in this context that farmers and industrial workers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age from 1865-1900 in their own significant ways. Farmers organized the Granger Movement and Farmers Alliance to deal with industrialization. Industrial workers formed the Knights of Labor and American Federation of Labor in response to industrialization.
Allegheny Bessemer Steel had came up with new technology that would actually help the railroads, but Carnegie didn’t like the idea of another company being bigger than his so he sent out a fake letter to the railroad companies (Doc H). Later, the Allegheny Steel Company went out of business giving Carnegie power again. In Doc. G an article published by Harold C. Livesay states that Carnegie was indeed competing with other companies. He asked his friend, Frank Doubleday how much money he was making and then suggested he get out of it because it wasn’t a lot.
In not just the steel industry, the factory workers of the age were working to the exclusive benefit of the prime benefactor for the company. Painter writes “Thanks to efficient management and the scope of operations, Carnegie’s industrial empire made more than $40,000,000 in profits per year in the early 1890’s.” and that “When the contract between the amalgamated Association and the Homestead mill expired in June 1892, Carnegie was at his castle in Scotland and offered Frick a free hand.” (111-112) This passage suggests both that the industry was supremely profitable, but that a large part of the profits were going towards the industry’s prime benefactor, Andrew Carnegie.
The Pullman Strike occurred at the Pullman Palace Car Company due to the Panic of 1893. The Panic of 1893 caused the car company to reduce the worker’s wages because the demand for luxury cars declined. George Pullman himself, who was a very successful businessman know for his innovation as an engineer (made the sleeping car), refused to negotiate, so the workers, and it eventually led to a boycott to the point that any train that transported Pullman cars were to refuse. The other major strike seen during this time period is the Homestead Strike. This strike took place at the Homestead Steel Plant run by Andrew Carnegie (one of the richest entrepreneurs in the Gilded Age).
Carnegie used his own funds to build his first furnace to produce pig iron in 1870, by 1873 he had organized a steel producing company and continued to dominate the industry. Carnegie’s domination of the steel industry in the United States led to him gaining a vast fortune which he had unorthodox views on the way it should be
Andrew Carnegie was a “robber baron” as shown in the way he acted towards the people who helped him reach the top and the terrible working environment that he subjected his workers to. He did various things in an attempt at overshadowing the awful things he did and positively alter his public image. His mentor, Thomas Scott, taught him the skills he would use to become the undisputed king of steel. Costs were the most important aspect of any business and reducing those required cutting wages, demanding 13 hour days and utilizing spies as a way to thwart possible strikes. Many years after Carnegie had gone out on his own, Scott met with him thinking that the years they spent together and all he had taught him would unquestionably result in help in his time of trouble.
The industrial workers responded by striking in the Pullman Strike. Pullman, Illinois was a company town, which meant that the workers had to pay rent to the company. The Panic of 1893 occurred, and there was a low demand for private railroad cars. As a result, the Pullman Company laid off workers and decreased wages but kept the rent at the same price. This led to the American Railway Union leading a strike.