Kaplan, Benjamin J. Divided By Faith: Religious Conflict And The Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007). Benjamin J. Kaplan’s Divided By Faith: Religious Conflict And the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe challenges the traditional view that religious toleration became prevalent in Europe following the Enlightenment. Kaplan is a Professor of Dutch History at the University College London and the University of Amsterdam. The purpose of Divided by Faith is to provide a new outlook on the history of religious tolerance and conflict in early modern Europe. Kaplan illustrates this purpose by diverging from traditional scholarship on toleration in early modern Europe.
In this paper, I will argue that intended parents, not gestational carriers, should have the right to decide whether the carrier continues to gestate a fetus or not in cases where the fetus has a severe, life-threatening physical or mental deficit (Cohen 2013). The gestational carrier, such as Crystal Kelley, gestates a fetus for a couple or potential parent and has no genetic tie to the child, unlike a surrogate (Byrn and Snyder 2005). In Crystal Kelley’s case, the intended couple wanted to abort the fetus because it had severe health defects such as holoprosencephaly and heterotaxy, in which the brain is not divided into two hemispheres and the internal organs are displaced (Cohen 2013). However, Ms. Kelley was unwilling to abort the fetus
The human rights is an issue that can only take up to one person to defend it. Moreover, the human rights allow people to have freedom and independence which basically is the ability to act, speak or think as one desires. Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more.
Traditional Chinese Cultural Review - Draft Traditional Chinese culture must be viewed through the lens of cultural relativism to avoid misunderstandings which would ultimately transpire into ethnographic separatist ’s ideals. Marriage, kinship, and family, encased by Confucius ideology, trademarks traditional Chinese culture and its patriarchal society as both intriguing and fascinating. The complexity to understanding marriage in the agrarian-state society of traditional Chinese culture is interpreting the cultural context as it relates to Confucianism, social hierarchy, family lineage, economic status, a division of labor and gender stratification. Agrarian-State Society
By definition, freedom is essentially the right to choose ;by action, it is something wanted but not always achieved .Freedom is the oxygen of the soul (Mashe Dayon ) and it seems to be feigned for and more important to those whom freedom is denied. This is shown in both literary works”The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass “and “Why the Caged Bird Sings”. From both of Frederick Douglass and Maya Angelou’s writing it(freedom) is important and longed for ,but how the depravity of it affects the enslaved is where Douglass and Angelou deviate from their similarities. In the piece “The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass” ,Frederick talks about the hardship and toil he’d gone through and spoke mostly upon the effort he put in the search for freedom ,from hiding books for mental freedom and hiding himself `for physical freedom ,HE shows more tenacity than we,who have freedom ourselves who don’t have much limitation and yet do
"Civility is an authentic respect for others that requires time, presence, willingness to engage in genuine discourse and intention to seek common ground (Clark, 2010). " Unfortunately I have come to learn that, incivility is a fairly common issue in nursing in regard to nurse-professor, nurse-nurse, nurse-physician, and nurse-resident relationships. I don't believe that it's always meant to be hurtful. Sometimes incivility occurs simply because of the fast-paced environments, long hours and high stressed environment. Regardless, it's inappropriate and unprofessional behavior. "
Many Americans today take the freedoms given in the Constitution for granted. It’s easy to forget how many others around the world don’t have “inalienable rights” given; such as the freedom of religion. In the countries Burma, China, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan, citizens face severe repression, imprisonment, torture, and even death for different religious beliefs than the ones allowed by their government. When something unjust happens in America, such as unlawful police officers using excessive force, NSA surveillance on phone and internet communications, or extreme drug sentences, we wake up and realize how crucial our rights are.
“Sigmund Freud saw the uncanny as something long familiar that feels strangely unfamiliar. The uncanny stands between standard categories and challenges the categories themselves” (Turkle, 48). In John Fowles’ The French Lieutenant’s Woman and Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko, the reader is invited to explore strangeness within what is familiar. In these texts, the characters, and even the content, are complex and at times, incomprehensible. The struggle of the narrator and the other characters to make another seem socially acceptable questions the human need of categorizing all of life into something that can be taken apart and understood.
When I first read Dr. Martin Luther King’s letter I knew that it would stay with me as long as I live. His way of dealing with injustices in this world compels me to never allow a person to deny someone’s rights. While reading this letter my admiration for Dr. King grew, I was impressed about this man couldn’t bear to see injustices in this world and nonviolently took on his oppressors. Lines like “Injustice anywhere is a threat justice everywhere” and Oppressed people cannot remain oppressed forever” ignited a feeling of right in me. Reading this letter made think of the current state of civil rights in the U.S. today.
The Bronze Age collapse was followed by the Iron Age around 1200 BCE, during which a number of new civilizations emerged, culminating in the Axial Age transition to Classical civilization. A major technological and cultural transition to modernity began approximately 1500 BCE in Western Europe, and from these beginning new approaches to science and law spread rapidly around the world. The English word comes from the 16th century French civilise, from Latin civilis means civil, related to civis means citizen and civitas means city. The fundamental treatise is Norbert Elias's The Civilizing Process-1939, which traces social mores from medieval courtly society to the Early Modern period. In The Philosophy of Civilization -1923, Albert