Addison Schwarz 3/22/2016 Per: 5 World History Chapter 13 Study Guide Vocab Flapper Flappers were rebellious young women in the United States and Europe during the 1920s who went outside of society’s norms and showed off more of their body than what was previously acceptable. Prohibition The ban on manufacturing and selling of alcoholic beverages in the United States from 1920 to 1933. Speakeasies Illegal bars that sprang up during prohibition so people could drink alcohol. Harlem Renaissance African American cultural movement in the 1920s and 1930s, centered in Harlem. Psychoanalysis A method of studying how the mind works and treating mental disorders. Abstract A style of art composing of lines, colors and shapes, sometimes with no recognizable …show more content…
Great Depression A painful time of global economic collapse, which started in 1929 and lasted until 1939. New Deal A massive package of economic and social programs which were established by FDR to try and help Americans during the Great Depression. Franklin D. Roosevelt American statesman and political leader who served as the President of the United States from 1933 to 1945. Benito Mussolini Yeah idk who dis is tbh Black Shirts Any member of the militant combat squads of Italian Fascists set up under Mussolini. March on Rome The planned march of thousands of Fascist supporters to take control of Rome. In response to this, Mussolini was given the legal right to control Italy. Totalitarian State A government in which a one-party dictatorship regulates every aspect of citizens’ lives. Fascism Any centralized, authoritarian government system that is not communist whose policies glorify the state over the individual and are destructive to basic human rights. Command Economy The system in which government officials make all basic economic decisions. Collectives Large farms owned and operated by peasants as a group. Kulaks Wealthy peasants in the Soviet Union in the 1930s. …show more content…
Russification The process of making a nationality culture more ethnically Russian. Atheism The belief that there is no God. Comintern Communist International; international association of communist parties led by the Soviet Union for the purpose of encouraging world-wide communist revolution. Gestapo The secret police in Nazi Germany. Kristallnacht Taking place on November 9 and 10, Nazi-led mobs attacked Jewish communities all over Germany, Austria, and the annexed portions of Czechoslovakia. The attacks were so brutal it was nicknamed “Night of Broken Glass”. Theory of Relativity Theory produced by Albert Einstein that stated that the increased relativistic mass of a body comes from the energy of motion of the body divided by the speed of light. Cubism Art style created in the early 20th century created by Pablo Picasso. Sigmund Freud Austrian neurologist and the father of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Nuremberg Laws Laws approved by the Nazi Party in 1935, depriving Jews of German citizenship and taking some rights away from
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
During the time of 1933-1945 the Nazi’s implemented a series of dehumanizing actions towards the jewish. In the book “Night” by Eliezer Wiesel, Wiesel discusses his life before being deported to a concentration camp, his experience in concentrations camps, and how he was finally liberated. Through Wiesel, we are able to witness the way these unfortunate jewish people were stripped of their rights, experimented on and objectified. First of all, there were many laws that were being established that were specifically targeting the Jewish population as time was progressing in Nazi Germany. These laws made a huge impact and made it more difficult for the jewish community to live as “normal” human beings.
He believed that only a strong leader like himself could defeat conflicts caused by other political parties (especially communists/socialists) and post-war problems (World War I). Mussolini’s first call to action was creating a group called the “Blackshirts” that would carry out beatings against communist leaders and throwing them out of office. People of all different backgrounds joined including teachers, business people, and store owners (Document 5). Mussolini constantly told his people that he was going to restore Italy back to its glorious Roman Empire era. He backed up his sayings by invading Ethiopia.
January 30, 1933 was the day that President Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany, which was the beginning of the Holocaust (Google History). In Source A, a young Jewish girl, Anne Frank, wrote in her diary that the Gestapo was taking away Jewish friends and acquaintances and sending them away to concentration camps. She listened to the English radio to later find out that they were being killed and gassed. Source B reveals, that in the steps to genocide, people classified as different are prohibited rights and personal honor. They are referred to as “sub-human, while the Nazis referred to Jews as vermin” (Source B).
The Nazis would come in two-three at time to tell the Jews they had five-ten minutes to gather as much stuff as they could then they would come in and get them to take the to their “new home” meaning the concentration camps or the ghettos. If they did not listen they would barge into the house and beat them or drag them out of the house till they finally just accepted that they were going with the soldiers no matter what. Many Jews would go to random people's house that they didn’t know and knock on the door asking the family to hide them in their house in their basement. For the people
Christina Valentin History 108 The Flapper: More than a Pretty Face In the 1920’s there were a few revolutions, but none as everlasting as the female revolution that was the flapper. It is hard to imagine that so many people influenced her in different ways. From the way she dressed to the things she did, the flapper was conceived by the world around her. What is more amazing is that she has left a mark that has transcended throughout the decades.
One of the biggest factors that caused the roles of women in the united States to change during the 1920’s was the work they did during World War I. While the men were serving overseas, the women stepped into the men’s jobs and made up the majority of the labor force at that time. This allowed women the chance to show that they can do some of the same jobs that men could do. After the war, the number of women in the workforce increased by twenty-five percent. This opened up more opportunities all over the country to earn their place in providing for their families. Another thing that changed for women, during the 1920’s was “flappers”.
The 1920s to late 1930s were a very controversial. A lot changed and flipped back and forth. The 1920s were full of cultural change. We were very conservative and people wanted change. After the stock market crash the government want to help bring Americans out of the gutter with the bad economy.
The flapper represented the “modern woman” in American youth culture in the 1920’s, and was epitomized as an icon of rebellion and modernity. Precocious, young, stubborn, beautiful, sexual, and independent, the flapper image and ideology revolutionized girlhood. The term “flapper” originated in England to describe a girl who flapped and had not yet reached maturity.
Imagine living in a refugee camp. Every day you work really hard trying to get a job, and provide for your family, but to no avail. Every night you are extremely tired, but have a hard time sleeping because it is freezing cold. You wake up again, and go through this cycle of trying to get a job, house, and sleep. Hoovervilles are very similar to refugee camps.
Since early ages, mothers have always criticized the ways their daughters acted. In the 1920s criticisms were taken a step further by the flappers, who completely revolutionized the view on females. Flappers in the 1920s had an impact on women for the future. Who they were, what they wore, and what their morals were was how their impacts changed the future for all the females. “The term "flapper" originated in the 1920s and refers to the fashion trend for unfastened rubber galoshes that "flapped" when walking, an attribution reinforced by the image of the free-wheeling flapper in popular culture.”
The 1920s was a time of exhilarating progress in both economic and social areas of society. Prohibition increased the appeal of drinking, creating a booming nightlife industry. People were eager for entertainment, enjoying widespread professional sports and interesting new inventions, like the creation of film and the automobile. Women had just gained the right to vote from the 1920 19th amendment, and were proud to claim their rights. Flappers were young, lively women who contributed to the roar of the 1920s by dressing differently and participating in risky, enjoyable activities previously reserved for men.
Anne Frank The Voice of the Holocaust Writer, diary, and inspiration are some words people often think of when they hear about Anne Frank. Many people know that she wrote a diary and was a Jewish citizen during World War II, but she was so much more. As a Jewish girl in hiding who experienced suffering and fear at such a young age, her story inspires hope and resilience in the face of death and destruction. Anne Frank changed the world by showing what life was like from the inside out of affected areas during World War II. She wrote her diary that helped others realise the true horrors of war.
The impactful empires of Germany and Italy were built on a similar use of legal methods by their leaders and government. These included the introduction and transformation of both nations into terror states, as well as certain laws that were made to target a specific race or religion. Through legislation, the Nazi Party were able to legally enforce acts such as the 1933 ‘Enabling Act’, which ensured that there “would be no more elections nor a constitution to keep Hitler in check”. Mussolini took similar measures, in that the Italian Government passed the 1922 ‘March on Rome’. This act gave power to Mussolini’s Fascist Party through establishing it as an official political party.
Uniformed in black shirts, symbolizing their name, they roamed the streets of cities in Italy. They beat up socialists, communists and union members. Their strategies became more violent as Mussolini’s power grew. The Black Shirts used intimidation and murder against opponents of Mussolini. Because of them to some extent, the number of fascists grew with extreme support and little opposition.
Throughout history governments have evolved in their laws and ruling tactics. It has also changed the way literature has been portrayed to the readers. This essay is based on Totalitarian government. Totalitarianism is a form of government that whereabouts the fact that the ruler and government is an absolute control over the state. Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin and Benito Mussolini are some of the dictators that had total control over the people and state.