Most of New Orleans was below water for days and many other areas were under water for weeks. Since then recovery in New Orleans has been challenging. Part of the recovery phase were to strengthen and replace 220 miles of floodwalls and levees. Congress provided $16.7 billion dollars to rebuild damaged housing and infrastructure. There
The devastation of hurricane Irma was wide-spread and will take years to fully recover from. The total damage Hurricane Irma caused is calculated to be around $100 billion. The damage ranged from destruction of houses and building to 6.8 million people being without electricity (O’Hara, Kristy). The storm caused 38 casualties in the Caribbean and 34 in Florida. Irma flooded the entire area, leaving some places with hip-high water; buildings were lost, and caused destruction to anything that stood in the way.
A well can “use on average up to 6 million gallons of water plus chemicals and sand to keep the fissures open” each time a well is fracked. For states like California who are in a severe drought (that could be millions of gallons of water a year, depending on the number of wells in the state), that is water being wasted that could be used for agriculture or human consumption. If a well is located near a water supply like a river or underground well, the water can become contaminated like the spring on Jackie Shulkie’s property that began bubbling after nearby fracking started on her neighbor’s yard. In “How Fracking Affects You,” Josh Fox who produced the documentary “GasLand” showed a clip of a man who was able to light the water from his tap on fire, due to Benzene, a known carcinogen, in the water. Drinking water was exempted from the Clean Water Act by the Bush Administration in 2005.
Notes: Tropical Cyclone Tracey caused an impact in economy of about 950 million dollars in. Also, Tropical Cyclone Tracey lead to a loss in population which dropped the people in jobs decimating local businesses. Tropical Cyclone Tracey destroyed over 9000 homes. Most of the buildings were not built to cyclone regulations despite they were in the cyclone belt. This would have cost them lots of money to rebuild everything again and would have taken a long time to regrow the environment to how it was before.
The effects of epidemics were devastating. Due to epidemic exposure, every 1,000 urban infants 160 died before reaching their first birthday (Ehrenreich, 1985). Similarly, one block of the house contained 605 apartment was accommodating 2,871 people with no adequate water, ventilation, and
Natural disasters are a nature’s events and are uncontrollable, although predictable. They include typhoons , rainy season flooding, tornadoes and tsunami. An article in the Guardian states that a study has revealed natural disaster has displaces three times as many people as war in 2013. An average of 27 million people a year or 42 million in total in 2010 have lost their homes ( Guardian.com,2014). A tsunami event that occurred in 2004 , called the Boxing Day Tsunami, displaced 1.7 million and injured half a million of souls.
One example of a community-organized group is Community Emergency Response Teams or CERT. CERTs are composed of individuals who are trained by local response agencies to have the capabilities, resources and knowledge to be first responders in their communities (Flint & Brennan, 2006). While community groups provide the means to prepare and respond to a disaster, nongovernmental and non-profit organizations are also a vital asset to the whole
Hurricane Katrina: The Devastation of a Nation August 29th 2005, the day Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans caused mass destruction and claimed the lives of many. The day the hurricane touched down it scored in at a category 3 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale which puts it in the “major” category meaning “devastating” damage will occur. I don’t think anybody realized the mass amount of damage Katrina would really cause, it took lives, homes, land and so much more. Katrina originated in the Bahamas on August 23th and after it struck there it started making its way for the US. The day before the hurricane struck many people had already evacuated their cities but Mr. Nagin the mayor of New Orleans said he would not put out a mandatory
Natural disasters are not good for the economy and repair and reconstruction efforts will replace infrastructure with newer buildings. Hurricane Sandy devastating effects on people and property in New Jersey and New York was estimated $65 billion. Moreover, according to Superstorm Sandy: The Inevitable Destruction and Reconstruction of the Jersey Shore written by Dianne C. Bates, “A total of 147 people in the Caribbean and United States (12 in New Jersey) died as a direct result of the storm, which has now been estimated to be the second costliest hurricane in US history after Katrina.” (Bates 7) Sandy is the second costliest storm on record, right under Hurricane Katrina which made US landfall in 2005, which racked up over $100 billion in losses, and Hurricane Andrew, in 1992, which generated $46 billion in inflation-adjusted losses, according to NOAA estimates. Travel and Tourism has also been affected. For example, vacations were delayed or canceled.
CCT is being used to lessen the size of public sector, increase inefficiency, encourage the competition and provide opportunities for private enterprise (Abbott, Blackburn, & Curran, 1996, p. 72). In CCT, the company’s ability to compete and persuade the local authorities is important because it determined either their company get the tender or
The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 was of the most powerful natural disasters of the 1900’s in 11 states along the Mississippi River from Illinois to Louisiana. The flood lasted from the beginning of April, through May, June and July and finally ended in August. During the flood, the river got to be as wide as 80 miles in some places and submerged residential areas in as much as 30 feet of water. The flood affected multiple states and the country in countless ways. Some of the ways it changed the country was in a social and political way.
Following the tragic event, the Water and Sewage Board in New Orleans ordered taller levees to be constructed. Hurricane Betsy in 1965 caused leaders to redesign the levee system and the responsibility of levee construction was placed under the United States Army Corps of Engineers. Once again citizens of New Orleans started to reconstruct their city after another natural disaster. Only forty years later Hurricane Katrina, the unfortunate event that was due to the failure of levees to withhold water, left many homeless, dead and looting for survival. Not only did the levees fail the people of New Orleans, but their government also fell short of supplying the desperate citizens of the city with aid and support.
Another natural cause is oceans and hurricanes. Both the ocean waves and hurricanes accelerate erosion, which is a main cause to the marshes disappearing. Something New Yorkers should realize is that "80% of oil and natural gases produced in the U.S. travels through our marshes" as according to page 12. America 's economy could go so wrong if the marshes the oil processes through suddenly disappears. Also, a huge percentage of marine life loves in Louisiana 's marshes.
In Miami, an exchange of Interstate 95 took up 40 blocks of residential businesses and destroyed 10,000 homes and businesses (Blas). This is exactly what the Adequate Housing Act had guaranteed would not happen. The homes that were not directly destroyed by the highway decreased in value, as the constant noise and lights of the highway kept residents up at night (Blas). Many people had their front lawns seized by the government, with little to no compensation (Blas). One novelist, Homer Bigart, stated that the highways had “sent great rivers of concrete creeping like lava through residential neighborhoods and commercial areas, dislocating families, schools, churches, and
New Farm was flooded in these areas which where close to the Brisbane river, including the Brisbane Powerhouse and New Farm Park. These floods occurred on the 11th January, after experiencing the intense levels of precipitation in the following weeks, then having the river breaks its banks at 2:30pm later that day. The floods went on for approximately 2 weeks, until they stopped in 26th January. New Farm, was one of the first suburbs to be flooded.