Common features in the treatment of slaves and serfs as well as their identical status in the society is traced in the novels and demonstrates that the institution of serfdom may be considered as a form of slavery. Nevertheless, attitude towards slaves and serves in the two nations was different, which may be learned from the existence of anti-slavery movement in one country and lack of such in another. The origins and causes of such diverse attitude may serve as a suggestion for the further
When racism and the cost of racism is recognized, Dr. Tatum explains one of her white students’ honest response was he a recognize how racism provided advantages for him, however, “he would not do anything to try to change the situation” (1571). What reason would individuals have to change injustice and inequality when it benefits them the most. This explains the reason why some in white society are reluctance to admit or seeing racism and white privilege, it is much easier to define the other groups as lazy and not taking advantage of the opportunity that are available to
Kallen Brunson In the article, “How Race becomes Biology: Embodiment of Social Inequality” by Clarence C. Gravlee, Gravlee argues that race, and the assumption of race in everyday life, makes the difference in biology much more clear and affects the life cycles of people due to their perceived race (Gravlee, 51). The author provides, using both his research and others’, an argument against the complete notion that race is only a social construct (Gravlee, 53). Through a series of statements, Gravlee states that race shouldn’t simply be excluded from anthropological discussion, but incorporated into present views regarding healthcare and impacts on society.
The purpose of the Underground Railroad was to free slaves from the ownership of slave owners, and did just that. Over 100,000 thousand slaves were freed from slave owners, and they managed to live their own lives. While slaves escaping did bring about anti-black sentiment from the Southern States most clearly seen in the Fugitive Slave Act, it brought support for abolition because white people could see that all the slaves were just as human as the rest of them. This may not have changed their beliefs of inferiority, but it did change their beliefs that African Americans deserved such cruel treatment. After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else.
One reason is that physicians’ duty to protect patient confidentiality is stronger than their duty to family members with whom they have no patient-physician relationship. Describe the eugenic and dysgenic effects of medical genetics. A basic understanding eugenics and dysgenics is that, eugenic leads to genetically healthier population, while dysgenics promotes a population carrying mutant hazardous alleles. As Francis Galton said, Eugenics is the improvement of the population by ‘selection’ of its best specimens for breeding. There are two major difficulties involved in planning a eugenics program: The scientific problem of determining which characteristics or traits are truly heritable and to what extent heredity contributes to the particular trait.
She argues that the book depicts society’s evolution toward the acceptance and normalization of racial hybridity, but her methods of furthering this argument are problematic at best. Moss not only ignores the author’s explicit intent in writing the book in favor of her own idea, but she tokenizes other authors of color to provide what is actually very weak support for her argument. She desperately wishes to show that Smith is depicting a post-racial reality, but in doing so, Moss ultimately diminishes the credibility of her argument by revealing her own
Are we as humans formed by ‘nature’ or ‘nurture’? Since the first genetic experiment by Gregor Mendel in the 1860s, eugenicists have tried to determine why some people have certain physical and behavioral traits and some do not. The nature-versus-nurture discussion has continued to thrive as scientists, historians, and sociologists debate why certain people’s behavior follows a trend line while other’s represents behavioral digressions shunned in the societal construct, even in the same environment. The people who diverge from the established societal norm of success where other people flourish typically become stigmatized as ‘the Other’ in a society, an outsider who does not conform to that society's ideal image. These questions are the approach that Mary Shelly attempted to develop throughout her novel.
The movie Gattaca is set up in the fictional not-too-distant future. The not-too-distant future is a society in which eugenics are the dictating ideology and genetic discrimination is real. The use of biometric based on the genetic database registry has helped create two categories of people; the ‘valids’ and the ‘invalids’. The ‘valids’ are those individual who are created based on the choices of the biometrics and are seen as actually being superior that the invalids who have been conceived by tradition la means and are regarded as having a higher likelihood of developing genetic disorders. Genetype profiling is significantly applied in identification of valids for purposes of quality employment with the invalids being subjected to those lower quality jobs.
Another type of anti-Semitism is Racial anti-Semitism which targeted the character traits of the Jews rather than the religion. The Jews were given traits that were associated with negative attributes and these ideas and theories spread widely and believed by many. The idea of having character traits be passed through blood was the foundation of this type of anti - Semitism. This meant that Jews were bad because of their genes and there was no way to change this, as conversion to Christianity would only change religion and not genetics. Hitler comments on this in is text, The Jews as a Race, and agrees with this idea by saying that “The existence of the Jew himself becomes a parasitical one within the lives of other people.”
The validity and even humanity in animal testing is something on the margins of morale, it is not something done out of joy, it is not pleasurable for the testers or the tested themselves. So there, we are given a reason to submit the simple question of whether animal testing should be permitted at all. Why not simply cut our losses and move on to greener pastures, after all it is indeed the definition of grotesque to experiment on living beings and people may have been right to protest and raise awareness for such cruel misconducts. There must be something that can be done.
The slavery was the most important issue in the 19th century in American where societies were divided from the Northern and southern. In the Southern States, mush of peoples depends on slave handwork in their economic development, but slave were legal free in the Northern States. Slave owner benefits from the labor of the slave in the same way that peoples who believe it is right to tax the rich at higher rate benefit form the labor and property of others that is not their own. Slavery is viewed as evil in this country, because many whites were mean to blacks for their skin color and treated like animals. Abolitionists think all men are created equal and blacks should be treated as fairly as they would white people.
Also, the uneducated public believes most results that are published; if a scientist hastily publishes results without full justifications people could actually believe or misinterpret the wrong idea/results. Furthermore, if a scientist assume that he/she has the accurate results and shares it with others without justifying their ideas and results; he/she could be attacked by others (for example, Watson and Crick case with Rosalind in the movie). Therefore I believe that scientists have the right to keep their results confidential until they fully explain and justify their reasoning, but no way under any circumstance should fully completed justified research be kept confidential because the
In the chapter “The Paragon of Animals” in the book The Agile Gene, Matt Ridley tries to understand whether humans on the same level as other animals. Although he presents evidence for both sides of the argument, I think he has more evidence supporting that humans and other primates are no different. Much of the argument for humans being superior to other animals can be refuted by Jane Goodall’s findings. In 1960, Goodall began watching chimps and noticed how similar they behaved to humans.
In ecosystem, there are various types of interactions that exist in different organisms. No organism can live in isolation and thus requires others either for food or survival. There is an interaction in which the two organisms are mutually benefited or live entirely dependent on each others. And this is referred to symbiosis. Wheareas, there is another interaction, namely parasitism.
Lilith as a Challenge to the Stereotypical Notions of Motherhood In Octavia Butler’s “Dawn” the protagonist Lilith serves as a mother figure in a variety of ways. Lilith is one of the few humans that have survived a nuclear war, and has been rescued by an alien race named the “Oankali.” These mysterious aliens have elected Lilith to lead the first group of humans in their return to Earth. In “Dawn” Lilith is both a literal mother to a deceased son Ayre, and a metaphorical mother to both a young boy named Sharad, and the group of humans.