Along with having the advantage of making long distance journeys more comfortable, cruise control also makes them cost efficient as it helps save gas by reducing gas-wasting acceleration and deceleration. In this way, cruise control can improve someone’s fuel economy. Cruise control can efficiently cut down 20% of the costs of the gas that would have otherwise been wasted (this would also be environmentally friendly). A cruise control system would also help save money in the way that it will reduce the number of speeding tickets received by keeping the vehicle’s speed constant and not letting it exceed the speed limit. Cruise control also results in less maintenance costs.
The evident showed that the cruise is too close to the shore and the captain had not followed the standard procedures in handling the emergency appears. Moreover, poor trained crews will also contributed to the causes of cruise ship accident. Most of the equipment especially navigation aids on the cruise is needed special knowledge to handle. If the crews are poorly trained, they cannot operate and interpret the information from the equipment well. Besides that, passenger’s behavior also lead to cruise mishap occurred.
Clients often need to be made to realize that if a project is to be completed at a certain level of quality, then a certain amount of time and money need also to be invested in the project. Projects that have time restrictions will need to increase the resources assigned to it or have the quality or scope reduced. The well known triple constraint formula is Cost * Schedule=Quality. The Right Balance By understanding the triple constraint and the ramifications associated with adjusting any one of its components, you will be able to plan your projects better, analyze project risks and protect the company from the problems of unrealistic client expectations. You will also be properly equipped to balance out the triple constraint when any adjustment has been made to one or more of its elements.
Other constraints like a target profit of 800 or minimization of production are not so rigid and are the goals of our formulation So the formulation of rigid constraints should be: 3x1 + 4x2 = type constraint pushes η in the objective function, while a =0 Now we will solve the problem using the traditional graphical approach to solve linear programming problems. We will plot the lines as indicated by excluding η and ρ from the equations and derive the feasible region as solution. The role ρ and η play here is that the indicate the direction in which the feasible region lie with respect to the line. Say for (i), ρ will be increasing towards increasing y intercept of the line(keeping slope same) which is opposite to η. The point that we will touch wil be (0,10) for (x1 , x2) with all parameters as 0 beside p5 which would be 2.
This approach increases the chances that will choose the most satisfying alternative possible. The seven steps of 1) define the problem; 2) identify the criteria; 3) weigh the criteria; 4) generate alternatives; 5) choose among alternatives; 6) take action; and 7) review your decision and its consequences,” (Bazerman & Moore, 2013). The airlines did not limit their actions to the issues that needed to be responded to only the things which were direct with the issue at hand.
One of the success keys in airline pilots’ training program is conventional mentoring. By discussing training issues with a few pilots, it became obvious how mentoring is a vital element in the training. The airline adopts the training in two phases for newly hired pilots and for transition training on different types of airplanes. The first phase consists of training on a flight simulator where a designated instructor is assigned to the training duties for the two pilots only at a time, he’s stays with them for a long training period before the get transferred to another instructor for the last phase of the simulator training. Thereafter the do some line trainings, where only one instructor is assigned for one pilot at a time till the trainee finishes the training.
This is also referred to as the project management triangle. The triple constraints in project management are scope, cost and time. These three factors are known to be interrelated to each other. If one of the factors restricted or extended, you should do the necessary adjustments to the other two factors as well. Recently this triangle has given way to a project management diamond where by the quality factor becomes the quadruple factor.
• Review of the post project should be a part of the project control process. • Audit trail for the information should be added to support the lesson learning process. Defining: Triple Constraint Theory Mihai Zebres in 2012 Stated that the Triple constraint model or iron triangle represent the cost or the budget which is need to complete the project, the time that is needed to carry out the whole process of project modelling and the
Any strategy that could result in any change in an organization might be met with hostility from top managers in the fear of losing or having their power and influence disrupted thus this creates hurdles in the implementation of strategic plans. • Barriers to strategy implementation Kaplan and Norton (2001) identify the below as the four common barriers to strategy implementation; i. Vision Barrier Kaplan and Norton (2001) state that only 5% of company employees understand their organization’s strategy. ii. Resource Barrier Only 60% of organisations do not link their budgets to strategy, B. Paladino (2007) states that most companies might be pursuing financial strategies that are different from their operational strategies and customer strategies.
• Article 12: Each government shall keep its own rules of the air as uniform as possible with those established under the convention, the duty to ensure compliance with these rules rests with the contracting government. • Article 13: (Entry and Clearance Regulations) A government's laws and regulations regarding the admission and departure of passengers, crew or cargo from aircraft shall be complied with on arrival, upon departure and whilst within the territory of that government. • Article 16: The authorities of each government shall have the right to search the aircraft of other governments on landing or departure, without unreasonable delay... • Article 24: Aircraft flying to, from or across, the territory of a government shall be admitted temporarily free of duty. Fuel, Oil, spare parts, regular equipment and aircraft stores retained on board are also exempt custom duty, inspection fees or similar