The situation of disaster in Viet Nam Vietnam is one of four countries which has a big impact of harsh weather phenonmena in recent two decade . In each year of Vietnam, there are 466 people died and lost over 1.5 million USD equal to 1.5% of GDP. In addition, nowadays, the development of disaster become more complex without any stability. The appearance of disaster is increasing with the strong intensity especially Vietnam is the country suffer the impact of climate change. In 2012, East Sea occured 10 typhoons and 2 tropical depression in which have 4 flood impact directly in Viet Nam.
An estimated 1,836 people died in the hurricane and the flooding that followed in late August 2005, and millions of others were left homeless along the Gulf Coast and in New Orleans, which experienced the highest death toll. Officials at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have said Katrina was the most destructive storm to strike the United States. It ranks sixth overall in strength of recorded Atlantic hurricanes. It was also a very large storm; at its peak, maximum winds stretched 25 to 30 nautical miles and its extremely wide swath of hurricane force winds extended at least 75 nautical miles to the east from the centre. Also, it was very powerful and went from a category 1 to category 5 storm in 4 days.
But, the Philippines is the heavily affected country by these typhoon that brings up to loss of human life, extensive damage to property and loss of livelihood of individuals. Cause of Flood. There are large number of studies of natural disaster such as flood states that flood is the major problem in different countries, specifically here in the Philippines that can harm our properties and our everyday lifestyle. According to Evans (2011) he stated that in weather disaster, it’s was unpredictable when will it happen, whether sooner or later no one knows. Weather disasters includes hurricanes, tornadoes, flashfloods, extreme cold and extreme heat weather that can affect our body temperature which is climate change and also floods is the most various problem here in the Philippine when it comes to weather disasters.
The disasters being described are forest fires, soil erosion, flooding, etc (ERDB 2011). Flood is the cause of overflowing in a certain body of water that covers a dry land . This is the most frequent event brought by typhoons and continuous precipitation and this happens when the water exceeds the absorptive capacity of the soil and carrying capacity of the streams. Also, this can be more hazardous if the event happened in a flood prone area. Many provinces and municipalities in the Philippines are exposed to this type of event like Sta.
Global Trends and Patterns of Urban Flooding Worldwide, flooding is the leading cause of losses from natural hazards and is responsible for a greater number of damaging events than any other type of natural event. At least one third of all losses due to nature’s forces can be attributed to flooding. Flood damage has been extremely severe in recent decades and it is evident that both the frequency and intensity of floods are increasing. There are countries, such as China, in which flooding is a frequent, at least annual event, and others, such as Saudi Arabia, where inundation is rare, but its impact is sometimes also severe (Loster, 1999). According to World Bank (2012), over the past eighteen months, destructive floods occurred along the Indus River basin in Pakistan in August 2010; in Queensland, Australia, Sri Lanka and the Philippines in late 2010 and early 2011; along with mudslides, in the Serrana region of Brazil in January 2011; following the earthquake-induced tsunami on the north-east coast of Japan in March 2011; along the Mississippi River in mid 2011; as a consequence of Hurricane Irene on the US East Coast in August 2011; in Pakistan’s southern Sindh province in September 2011; and in large areas of Thailand, including Bangkok, in October and November
The people who were affected by this super typhoon ranges from 14.4 million and killed almost 4,460 residents. It brought widespread devastation causing immense damage on livestocks,power lines,buildings and infrastractures. Typhoon Haiyan was considered by many as a very powerful typhoon in the country 's recorded history. Though I am from Cebu which is a neighboring
Philippines has long been affected by climate change. Many lives were lost because of these typhoons that consecutively entered the country and caused a lot of disaster. Philippines is the 4th most disaster-prone country in the world, according to a research. It is because of two main reasons: geography and development. In addition, Philippines as an island state which is particularly exposed to the natural hazards of cyclones, flooding and sea level rise.
3. Review of Literature 3.1 Natural disasters Natural disasters are sudden massive damage causing events with atmospheric, geologic, and hydrologic origins. These disasters include landslides, earthquake, floods, tsunami, volcanic eruptions, landslides, road accidents and drought. Since 2 decades, natural disasters have killed millions of people and affected the lives of at least 1 billion more people, and resulted in substantial economic crises (Watson et al., 2007). Developing countries are disproportionately affected as they lack resources, infrastructure, and disaster-preparedness systems. Deaths associated with natural disasters, especially in rapid-onset disasters, are overwhelmingly due to blunt trauma, crush-related injuries, or drowning.
Flood disaster is the one example of the natural disaster. According to Mohammad Abdul Mohit et al. (2013), floods are the most significant natural disaster that affect 4.9 million people and inflict damage worth of several million every year in Malaysia. Mohamad Sukeri Bin Khalid et al. (2015) was state that the average rainfall in Malaysia at every state is approximately 2,500 mm a year and it making Malaysia as the one of the countries with the heaviest rainfall in the world.