Flood In Vietnam Essay

1930 Words8 Pages
USING ARCGIS TO ASSESS THE IMPACT OF TYPHOON No. 8
IN TINH GIA, THANH HOA, VIETNAM

1. Introduction
1.1. Problem statement
With 3,440 kilometers of coastline, Vietnam has to face with a wide range of natural disasters including typhoons, floods and drought every year. About 70 percent of the population and 60 percent of area of land are vulnerable to disasters. Among these disasters, floods and storms are the most destructive occurrences and bring the biggest amount of fatalities and damage in economic.
Vietnam is located in Southeast Asian typhoon belt which brings frequent heavy rain and wind. Each year, there are about 6-10 storms in Vietnam. The storms come from East Vietnam Sea, and they can mature and become typhoons. Floods and storms are periodic disasters which have serious effects on the North central and delta region. Almost floods occur in the central plain, along the Red River basin and Mekong delta, and trigger more fatalities. Meanwhile, storms often occur along the coastal region, and they account for more physical damage. The North central region is often hit by storms and typhoons that are accompanied by heavy rain, coastal flooding, and landslides. Provinces in this region including Thanh Hoa, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thein Hue, Quang Ngai, and Binh Dinh often experience both storms and floods with the highest frequencies.
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8). Almost area along central of Viet Nam was flooded. Figure 3: Study area – Tinh Gia district, Thanh Hoa ptovince, Vietnam
In Tinh Gia district, Thanh Hoa provice, almost area at downstream of Yen My reservoir is flooded. The important national road 1A and the main national railway were flooded and traffic along these ways had to be
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