Florence Nightingale's Environmental Theory (1860)

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Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory (1859) as seen in Figure 1, highlights the importance of the environment and its effects to the people within the said environment. Because the population inhabits the environment, whatever happens to the environment and the changes that come along with it greatly impacts the people within the population.
This theory fits the research because dogs are a part of the environment that affects the citizens of Purok 5 Barangay Banay-Banay I, San Jose, Batangas. Domestic dogs live within the family household and are considered as pets that are treated with care. Stray dogs are the outcasts of society and are homeless, they live along the streets. Although both have differing effects to the citizens, they still affect them in both positive and negative ways. Domestic dogs may serve as protection from strangers and threats within the area. While stray dogs tend to attack when threatened by external stimuli, although most stray dogs only attack because of self defense. Some dogs are aggressive by nature or by breed. Dogs are part of the environment because the citizens can interact with them and they have a significant place in the community.
However, it is not to be ignored that the people within the community also affects the dogs, whether domestic or stray. An example of this are current stray dogs that used to be a pet of a homeowner that was abandoned because of certain reasons. This situation greatly affected the dog, its

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