Fetal alcohol syndrome is a severe and devastating condition that develops in a child due to exposure to alcohol while in the womb. Symptoms of the syndrome range from physical deformities to mental disabilities. Several birth defects caused by fetal alcohol syndrome are seen in the protagonist of The Rocking Horse Winner, Paul. Paul suffers from slight facial deformities, schizophrenia, and behavioral problems. Altogether his disabilities provide evidence that his mother consumed alcohol while pregnant with him. Paul’s gambling addiction and schizophrenia are the result of brain deformities caused by fetal alcohol syndrome. On top of that, Paul’s mother not being able to feel love for her children provides evidence that she drank during the
Consumptions of large amount of alcohol during pregnancy can lead to a Fetal alcohol syndrome or (FAS). Fetal alcohol syndrome is the most common known non-genetic (non-inherited) cause of mental retardation in the United States which is estimated three out of a thousand babies. Defects can be small heads and brain, facial abnormalities, and defects of other organs. When mother drinks alcohol while pregnant the alcohol goes through the fetus body which can cause the alcohol to remain in the baby’s body even longer. When mother is an alcoholic or drinks alcohol three to four times a day the baby that she is carrying can also be addicted to alcohol. The baby can have alcohol withdrawal once they are born which can have heart defects and mental
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition caused by excessive alcohol consumption by the mother during pregnancy. Various birth defects may be present, including central nervous system dysfunctions and malformations of the skull and face. Fetal alcohol syndrome was first described in France in the late 1960’s, and the United States described it a few years later (Christensen, p1). The condition was extremely difficult to recognize because not every mother who drank excessively bore a child with any abnormalities or symptoms (Christensen, p1).
In current years the public has been made aware of a syndrome called Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. The syndrome has been publicized for many reasons including the fact that it is a completely avoidable syndrome based on the pregnant mother’s behaviors. The syndrome causes disabilities for the children, and is a life-long syndrome that cannot be reversed once it is achieved. In a report, Substance Abuse and the American Woman, sent out by the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, at least one of every five pregnant women uses alcohol and/or other drugs during pregnancy (NOFAS).
The exposure can start in the womb as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, small eye opening, retardation, or issues in their central nervous tissues, which is a brain defect that occurs if they survive birth. Being raised in a home where substances abused is more traumatic; these children develop ADHD, signs of depression and behavioral problems, attachment disorders, doubt and feeling imperfect can manifest from a very young
Long-term alcohol abuse on the brain can affect the ability to control states of mind, sleeping habits, and your memory. Liver disease caused by the toxicity of alcohol will also affect the brain by allowing toxic amounts of substances to enter the brain causing fatal disorders. Consuming alcohol while pregnant will increase the chances of a fetus being born with learning disabilities or problems interacting with other
The brain cells in the brain of a heavy drinker happens to not work as correctly as a kid that does not drink. Alcohol slows down the cerebral cortex and the way it works to get information from a person’s senses. Underage drinking also messes with the Frontal Lobes their important for planning, forming ideas, and making decisions. If alcohol was to damage part of the brain where the Hippocampus is located it could be very hard for the person to learn new
The abuse of alcohol before that age can slow down or stop that development. Not to mention that our livers are not meant to handle any alcohol until we are of age. Alcohol is not good for the liver regardless but by the time you are 21 it can process it pretty well. Alcohol has also been the cause of death for many. When the substance is abused, it causes the user to make choices one would not normally make or act in different ways.
(2011) stated that parents misusing alcohol can have a negative effect on the child development. Children may not achieve to their full potential when living with an alcohol user, this can lead to feeling unsafe, low self esteem, lack of trust and engaging in relationships with adults. Serious Consequences can occur for the children, which may lead to neglect, emotional difficulties and poor educational attainment (refererence) . In the serious case review of Child H, his father was a recovering alcoholic who had been struggling to control his drinking at the time scale of the investigation. On the 3rd of August 2009, the father of Child H and his sibling was very intoxicated while looking after the children(Bury safeguarding children board, 2014).
If a parent has a drug addiction then the child is more likely to have a drug addiction because the parent had it while during the child’s process. Drug addiction is a compulsive drive to take drugs in defiance of them being potentially serious or having a dangerous consequence. Recent studies have shown that it is not simply a choice whether or not we become a drug addict, it also involves many genetic and environmental factors. When a woman is pregnant, a baby is growing inside of her. If the woman uses drugs while she is going through the child’s birthing process, the drugs can pass onto the child.