El Tango originated in 19th century Spain. It was influenced by various things and eventually in the 20th century became the modern Tango in Argentina. A mix of minuet dances, polkas, and African influences all went into developing the Tango. The dance became popular in poor neighborhoods in Argentina and was known as “music/dance of the immigrants”. The dance is multiple different styles of dance because there are many types of Tangos.
My friend from Brazil, Mimi Rezende, said that music is a part of Brazilian soul, rhythm is in general conversation, and dancing is approached with them since they were born. Though Bossa Nova is not a native music or originated in Brazil purely, but the unification of two types of music; samba and jazz, over one hundred years could create a qualified combination and being identity of Brazilian music. The African origin in the Brazilian is about ten percent of the total population in Brazil (Advameg, Countries and their cultures). The flow of African happened because of the formation of capital for Portuguese colonization in Brazil. The colonization can be traced back to the slave trade era in the mid-1500s (Rodrigues 1965).
Peruvian Huayno Peru is located in the west of South America. A country with a variety of dance movement that express culture and history of the Peruvian people. The Huayno, is one of the most commonly practiced folkdances throughout the Andes. It is also performed in Chile, Bolivia, Argentina, and Ecuador but it originated and remains the most popular in Peru. Even though there are no historical records.
“Chile, province fertile and marked / in the famed region of Antarctica / by remote nations respected / for its strength, nobility, and power” is part of the poem La Araucana, written by Alonso de Ercilla Zúñiga and considered as the first work of literature in Chile. Spanish soldier, he wrote his epic poem while he spent two years in Chile during the colonial period in the 16th Century. As other dimensions in Chilean social, economic, and cultural life, literature has also been heavily influenced, in one hand, by the European heritage, mainly coming from the Spanish colonization; and, in the other hand, by the political, cultural, and economic relevance of the Catholic church in Chilean colony, first, and throughout its whole history, later, with ups and downs depending of trends regarding secularization or radical political movements, too. The efforts of political modernization during throughout the independence and the nation-building process were also shaped by the Enlightenment ideals of rationalization and civilization and it was a trend across the continent. The political upheavals by that time produced
In Bound Lives, historian Rachel Sarah O’Toole argues that Peruvians of indigenous, African and mixed racial backgrounds used legal, religious and socioeconomic discourses to amass power, autonomy, and recognition in their communities while the Spanish élite of colonial Peru used their authority to control lesser non-whites. However, O’Toole uses legal, religious and political sources to argue that many non-white Peruvians broke, crossed and molded the court-mandated boundaries of castas, or racial groups, by accentuating traits, characteristics, and abilities that allowed them to advance socially. She argues that non-white Peruvians’ self-advocacy, inter and intra-communal relations and strategic acquiescence in performative exchanges allowed
The precise origins of each jazz - blues are quite covered. This can be the result of economic condition of the musicians and the undeniable fact that few realized the importance of the music until it had evolved into its trend. Both jazz - blues, however, can trace their heritage to African-American spirituals and the work songs that were sung by slaves within the fields.
Negro spirituals were often called sorrow songs because of the fear of living as slaves. Later, a genre called ragtime was introduced in 1895, with Scott Joplin as the most known musician with this style of music. Next, blues was a way to transverse emotion of those longing for a better life. In the Harlem Renaissance era, jazz came into play. Performers often in clubs like Connies Club, and Smalls Paradise were the entertainment for the whites.
The controversial issue of the origins of the salsa dance and music dominates the music industry in the US. Various explanations exist on the factors and circumstances which led to the emergence of the Salsa dance in the United States. Moreover, the contribution of different Afro-Latin music styles in the development of salsa music and dance styles have been under dispute. These Afro-Latin music styles stem their impacts on themes such as sentimental expressions, ideological and religious sentiments, present occurrences and the supernatural. The Colonial rule of the Cuban and Puerto Rico regions by the Spaniards and North American conquest promoted activities such as slavery among Africans.
Hurston intersperses folk music throughout the novel, most notably in a party scene at Alf Pearson’s plantation. Hurston describes the music as “furious music of the little drum whose body was still in Africa, but whose soul sung around a fire in Alabama” (30). The folk songs that Hurston collected in the 1920s and 30s had roots in Africa, but were adapted to Southern culture. The songs mention Tennessee, Florida and Illinois as well as North American animals such as cows, raccoons and possums, yet are based on African songs and played on African instruments. Hurston would have actually collected these songs in communities similar to those in the novel.
In the late 19th century, they could think of their lives after the emancipation of slaves and express the sorrows and the rustic life as the songs. It had deeper roots in a style of music called blues. Ragtime developed in African American communities throughout the Midwest, particularly Missouri and was popular from 1895 to 1918. Ragtime was similar to the march and combined with black songs and dances such as the cakewalk. Ragtime was the precursor of the jazz.
In the journal entry Changing Values in Cuban Rumba, written by a dancer and anthropologist Yvonne Payne Daniel, explains the popular dance Rumba that originated from Cuba. I agree with Daniel’s statement that there no is racism in Cuba when illustrating Rumba as national dance. Rumba is a rhythmic dance with African and Spanish elements. In the journal entry Daniel states that Rumba is a dance of lower class black-skinned Cubans in the nineteenth century. Daniel explains that Rumba historically started as people using closets, tabletops and spoons to create their songs.
Traditional Mexican music was largely defined by a feeling of national identity that was incorporated into Mariachi music after the Mexican Revolution” (Quintana). There is a lot of complication to Latin Music and it is has many layers of Latin music influencing American culture. Tejano music was introduced in the mid-nineteen century, primarily because Hispanics migrated from Spain or Mexico. They renovated the music by adding an accordion. According to the Texas Almanac Tejano music, “most significant innovation, however, was the introduction of the diatonic button accordion by German and Czech immigrants.
American Slavery and the Encomienda System During the time period of exploration, new land called for more labor. After many Amerindians died from European disease, slave labor became popular among the Americas. This type of labor was forced upon many Africans during this time period, and many families were separated. Another labor source during this time period was the Encomienda system. During Spanish colonization of the Americas, the conquerors were often granted land, often a town or village, which was filled with people native to the land.
The Inca Empire The Inca empire was established during the 12th century A.D. in the Andes region and is known for having built a massive domain across countries. Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Argentina made up what was known as the Tawantinsuyu. According to Cartwright (2014), “well-devised agricultural and roadway systems, along with a centralized religion and language, helped maintain a cohesive state”. Cartwright (2014) also noted that despite their power, the Inca faced adversity and were in several predicaments when colonized by Spain. Besides several diseases, they also must cope with a disparity in weapons which eventually lead to the empire being overtaken in 1572.