DBQ Essay – What Drove the Sugar Trade? Beginning in the late 1600s and continuing through the 1700s the demand for sugar became incredibly high due to its addictive qualities. To supply the consumers with sugar they were craving, wealthy Europeans established sugar plantations throughout the Caribbean and built a thriving slave industry, so their need for cheap labor could be satisfied. Sugar consumption increased from 4.6lbs to 16.2lbs per capita annually from 1700 to 1770 due to the increasing addiction of the consumers. The manufacturers were faced with maintaining a high crop yield, but luckily the Caribbean islands provided an ideal location for growing cane sugar.
Many families never seen each other again after being auctioned off. (Doc 9) The slaves were used to do the worst and hardest forms of labor. It would be common for them to pick cotton off the hard seeds or cut down and move heavy trees for timber (Doc 3). They were used to do the work that normal people were deemed to highclass to do. They were often humiliated for fun.
The underlying pattern of the conspiracy was to select people who were illiterate and destitute to work in the foreign land of the Atlantic World. The demand for numbers of slaves increased as more and more slave owners and merchants favored this system as opposed to indentured servants. As a result, slave trades became one of the most profitable business that led many millions of African captives into the Atlantic
From document 1, Douglass said that “…the mere hearing of those songs would do more to impress some minds with the horrible character of slavery…” If even the song would tell how horrible the slaves’ lives are, we definitely can say that the slaves are in a miserable condition and they only can express their feelings with their songs. Document 2 is the perspective of a son who saw his father punished by the plantation overseer. “His cries grew fainter and fainter, till a feeble groan was the only response to the final blows.” “But from this hour he became utterly changed. Sullen, morose, and dogged, nothing could be done with him.” Through these descriptions, atrocity of plantation overseer and impact of harsh punishment on slaves are obvious. In document 3, the picture shows that in this bloody trade, slaves are just like materials and goods, they are not treated as people, they are more likely treated like machines and jetton.
According to James Ramsey, the treatment and conditions of slaves in 1784 were harsh. They had to work long hours, from four in the morning to midnight, only eating 2 meals a day while doing harsh and intense labor everyday. (Doc 1) The source shows us that the slaves were treated harshly and did long, hard hours of work for the English while getting little to nothing in return. The slaves couldn’t even fight for themselves, they were helpless against the “superior” English. According to Olaudah Equiano, a slave, explains the harsh things the slaves have to go through, stating, “... for slaves to be branded with the initial letters of their master’s name.” He goes on to state that the slaves are beat all the time for no reason, and are chained most of the time.
Slaves from Africa who were already immune to many European dieses. Portugal had control of the slave trade, something that made them very rich and which they utilized in Brazil. The Portuguese used slavery by Bandeirantes, forcing African men to work in sugar plantations in Brazil. Slavery brought the production of commodity to use in trade and as a result capital into the pockets of Spain and Portugal adding to their empires in the new
A major consequence of European exploration is the Triangular trade. The Triangular Trade is a time of horrific slave trade between European explorers and Africans. Europeans took the African population into a profitable slave trade organization, and brought them to the Americas. Not only were the slaves brutally beaten and separated from their families, they also were forced to work in harsh conditions and live in poor living conditions which promoted the spread of deadly diseases. Along with the treacherous amount of work they had; Africans received little to no income.
Both of these writers felt responsible to inform their white readership of the hardships slavery had on not only them but on other slaves. For example, Olaudah Equiano experienced being taken away by white people from his country. He even found himself wishing to be back at his former slavery in preference of his “present situation”. He states, “...I became so sick and low that I was not able to eat, not had I the least desire to taste anything. I now wished for the last friend, death to relieve me..”(130).
The captives were treated with a lot of cruelty and hostility as they were being forced into the ships to be transported for slavery. They were later compelled to work and live under new intolerable conditions. Most of the slaves who were captured dwelled in small villages in West Africa and were usually kidnapped at dawn when they were fresh for their duties of the day. Their village would be raided by their enemy tribe which would then burn the hurts, their residing places to the ground. Those who escaped the capture were very few since most of those who were captured unknowingly were taken to the slave ships as some were killed when they tried to resist being frustrated, tortured as well as bullied.
Slave trade abolished in Britain and United States Introduction Before the American Revolution, slavery was a norm and accepted throughout the new world. Major European powers entered the transatlantic slave trade, because they had slave colonies. British came and dominated the slave trade because of its influence in Africa, where its ships carried African captives as compared to other nation. It was estimated that about three million slave were shipped across the Atlantic Ocean as a result. The colonies (British) produced a vast volume of goods like sugar, rice, tobacco and indigo needed for the home market, and the nation grew rich at the expense of slaves.