Walgreens is more expensive in buying grocery items, than Wal-Mart. Also, the location of these stores are different. Wal-Mart is located where all the businesses are in Vincennes. It is also on the higher end of town. Walgreens is located on the poorer side of town.
The U.S. population is growing older as the individuals from the baby boom enters old age and retirement. As a result, the labor force will increasingly depend upon immigrants and their children to replace current workers and fill new jobs. Food deserts can defined as parts of the country where fresh fruit, vegetables, and other healthy whole foods, are hard to come by, usually found in poverty-stricken areas. This is because of a lack of grocery stores, farmers’ markets, and healthy food providers. This has become a big problem because while food deserts are often short on whole food providers, especially fresh fruits and vegetables, instead, they have numerous local small mini-marts that provide a lot of processed, sugary, and fatty foods
It is recognised that nutrition and diet-related chronic diseases such as obesity follow a socio-economic gradient; the poor and poorly educated have worse diets and a greater prevalence of obesity. In general, individuals on low incomes are less likely to consume wholemeal bread and vegetables, but more likely to consume fat spreads and oils, non-diet soft drinks, pizza, processed meats and table sugar. Within the low income group, older children appear to have worse diets than younger children or adults as they consume less fruit and more energy dense
For example, food insecurity is considered a major social determinant of health. Food Insecurity occurs when people do not have access to adequate and nutritional foods necessary to maintain a healthy lifestyle (Lombe et al, 2016). There is a direct relationship between one’s social economic status and the type of food they can afford. Households living below the poverty line lack the resources financially to afford healthier or organic food alternatives. What is more, they may not have the means of transportation to get to those supermarkets where healthier foods are sold.
Moreover, a family needs to have enough money to buy groceries each week, which can be difficult when paychecks are given every other week. The people Ehrenreich often worked with tended to live below the poverty line as well. Many of them lived in shared hotel rooms or out of their cars because it was cheaper than actually owning their own places. Even then it was hard to save money. Oftentimes, the people who lived in poverty worked two or more minimum wage jobs, but they still were not able to lift themselves above the poverty line.
Increased malnutrition is caused by poor diversification of diets such as relying too much on starchy staples. Thus, the consumption of a variety of foods is important for positive health. Malnutrition can be reduced by the consumption of diets having animal sources, vitamin-rich fruits and vegetables as well as nutrient-rich legumes (Arimond and Ruel, 2004; Thompson and Amoroso, 2011). According to the FAO, IFAD and WFP, (2015) about 800 million people do not have sufficient access to calories. A low intake of vitamins and minerals causes about 2 billion people all over the world to suffer from micronutrient malnutrition (IFPRI, 2014).
The more popular it becomes to be healthier the more the prices of fruits and vegetables rise. No matter where you are in the world the healthy food will usually cost a lot more than the unhealthy food. There is not much of a difference if you are at the grocery store or at a fast food restaurant. Most people are always on the go, moving fast which makes it harder to find time to prepare healthy meals. Having children makes food choices even harder because they are known to be very picky eaters.
The USDA considers several indicators of access such as, accessibility to sources of healthy food, individual-level resources that may affect accessibility, and neighborhood-level indicators of resources. The definition explains that food deserts can be areas where grocery stores do not exist within several miles or even that food deserts can be areas where most of a grocery store’s products are processed foods with little to no nutritional value. Many food deserts are defined by the low-income communities which is most Native American communities where the unemployment rate was 11.3% in 2014 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS 45). It can be difficult for most families to afford food on a consistent basis. The Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota serves as a prime example where reports show that nearly 40% of families experience food insecurity (Bauer).
In the Bronx, there are not many places where you can purchase healthy food, despite the largest food distribution center being in Hunts Point of South Bronx. This issue is important because the Bronx leads the counties of NY in health issues which includes; obesity, diabetes and hypertension that are directly linked to the residents of the Bronx not having more access to affordable healthy foods. There are many bodegas/corner stores where one can easily, quickly and cheaply buy a bacon egg and cheese or chopped cheese sandwich for breakfast than to travel a longer distance to a supermarket to buy healthy food options that they probably cannot afford. One step to combat this problem is to educate the community about their bad choices and provide tips for making and affording a quick breakfast that is also healthy. The other step would be to establish more places, i.e.
Populations Affected Increasing the access to healthy food in low-income, food desert communities is a healthy step toward reducing the rate of chronic disease in our community. Many of the public health challenges and rising health care costs are directly related to chronic diseases and conditions like cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, diabetes, low birth weight, obesity and anemia. Bad nutrition and poor food access plays a role in creating these diseases. This problem affects all age ranges and different demographic areas. Demographics Of Colorado’s 64 counties, 24 are designated as rural, 23 are designated as frontier (fewer than six people per square mile), and 17 are designated as urban (The Colorado Health Foundation,
Diet and obesity are major contributors to health inconsistency, with the most deprived being most at risk. This is due to the poorest living in run-down areas with no reasonably priced nutritional food available from local shops. If they are unable to afford the costs of travelling to areas supplying this, or if they are time poor then cooking beneficial meals is difficult then they are more likely to buy cheap, fatty products. The involvement of the government in the population’s lifestyle means that they should be accountable for the effects that come alongside an unhealthy regime, such as an increase in health problems such as Coronary heart disease. This means that the treatment an individual receives shouldn’t be approached differently