Reaserches found that, for every increase in rent there is 10% increase in food insecurity amongst low-income families. On the other hand, children are not the only one who are affected. Adults are also affected by the unstable house. That is why housholds who are unable or felt wooried about their rent, are more likly to face mental and physical diseses, and about 50% are unable to have a well sleep. In details, house instability is associated with health risks whether for children or adults.
Many children around the world are categorized underweight and having disease related to malnutrition. This is happening because of poverty or political stability of a country. But, in my opinion, the children have a right to get a better nutrient intake as they grow up. We cannot blame the poverty as the country leader itself should aware of the economic situation of their country. They should provide better care for the children in village that surround by poverty.
Malnutrition is not just a stark manifestation of poverty, it is also the non-income face of poverty ‘and it helps perpetuate poverty (World Bank, 2012). 1.2. Statement of the Problem Malnutrition is a global issue with patterns and prevalence that vary significantly not only among different nations of the world but also in different region of a country. Health and physical consequences of prolonged states of malnourishment among children are: delay in their physical growth and motor development; lower intellectual quotient (IQ), greater behavioral problems and deficient social skills; susceptibility to contracting diseases (WHO, 2011). Under nutrition remains a devastating problem in many developing countries affecting over 815 million people causing more than one-half of child death (UNICEF 'S, 2009).
Malnutrition can be defined as a deficiency of essential nutrients or failure to use available foods to the best benefits (Barasi, 1997). Malnutrition generally affects all groups in a society, but infants and young children are the most susceptible because of their high nutritional requirements for growth and development. Malnutrition prevents children from accomplishing their complete physical and mental capabilities. Health and physical effects of extended states of malnourishment among children are: delay in their physical growth and motor growth; lower intellectual quotient (IQ), greater behavioural challenges and defective social skills; vulnerability to contracting diseases (FAO, 2010; Black et al, 2003). A well- nourished child is one
Therefore the chances of death both the mother and new born baby become decline. Knowledge of mother about feeding practices of children and child care have a significant impact on the nutritional status of their children. Education of mother affects the health of the children in many ways. Maternal education changes the belief and knowledge about diseases, causes, prevention and treatment and this has a significant impact on child health practices. More educated women are more likely to adopt measures to prevent diseases such as vaccines and mosquito nets and their use.
In addition, they may not develop good social skills and are much more likely to suffer from depression, alcohol and drug addictions and identity difficulties and become juvenile delinquents. The most common reason why children are forced to work is because of poverty. According to Edmonds, E. and Pavnick, N. (2005), ILO’s Statistical Information and Monitoring Program on Child Labor, 211 million children or 18% of children from 5-14 years old are working, 60% of them live in Asia. Poor children and their families may rely upon child labor in order to improve their chances of attaining basic necessities. More than one-fourth of the world’s people live in extreme poverty, according to 2005 U.N statistics.
The less fibre children consume, the more likely they are to develop constipation, which can cause abdominal pain and discomfort. once children have eaten fast food, they consume more calories and fewer nutrients for the rest of the day. On days when kids ate fast food, compared with days when they ate at home, adolescents and young children consumed an additional 309 and 126 calories. (Melcum). This is major because, lack of fibre and to many calories can impact people to gain weight, create irregular digestion, and get a chronic disease.
Malnutrition in children Malnutrition is a wide terminology which means undernourishment or insufficient, excessive, unbalanced consumption of nutrition .So, if the diet (eating system) doesn’t provide enough calories or protein nor, if the feeding style consume too many calories. Thus this can lead to malnutrition form. Malnutrition is considered a major public health problem in developing countries. Malnutrition in children is one of the most serious common health problems worldwide. Child nutritional status is caused by multiple factors including illness, disease and biological causes, In addition to cultural, psychological, social and political factors present in the physical environment where the child lives.
Malnutrition is a worldwide problem. People who are malnourished lack proper food, such as vitamins, proteins, minerals, oils and fibre needed for proper health and development. Undernutrition could be caused when a child lacks enough amount of right food in their body. Someone can be malnourished for a long time or short time, and the condition may be limited or severe. Children who are malnourished could likely to get sick or might even die.
Since environment has a huge impact on childhood obesity, most children who are overweight or obese usually have overweight parents, it is commonly accepted that parents have responsibilities to prevent their children away from unhealthy condition and exert control children’s behaviour to build a healthy diet. Although parents’ role is important, when we focus on the environment of our society today, the unhealthy food market is also a big risk for childhood obesity. However, marketing to children seems special because children may incapable to afford the price of products by themselves, in other world, they do not have rights to choose the food on the market sometimes. But build a right-based approach of marketing to children is crucial on the United Nations Convention the Right to Children. This right-based approach builds on the principle of a civilized social responsibility to protect its citizens, also the protection of consumers, the consumers have right to be well informed and choose