Food Insecurity In Africa Essay

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Introduction.

Food security is one of the biggest problems facing the African content in the world today. Due to climate change, rapid population growth and various other factors, many citizens living in Africa cannot maintain a healthy eating diet due to inadequate access or lack of income, this causes a high percentage of individuals to live way below the required amount of food needed to be consumed on a daily basis in order to be healthy and productive. A lack of food security can lead to malnutrition, diarrhoea and foodborne which worsen the problem of food security and becomes a problem on its own. With help from other states the African Union aims to alleviate the food security problem and ensure a better life for all Africans. In
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The main cause of food insecurity in Africa is the inability to of citizens to gain access to food due to poverty. Many factors have contributed to this problem which leads to an increase in the prevalence of food insecurity (Mwaniki, 2015, p. 1). Factors contributing to food insecurity include:
• Drought and other extreme weather events. In recent times it has been seen that major food crisis has been a result of “drought or extreme weather conditions’’, this impacted negatively on crop harvests which in turn caused a food shortage and an increase in food prices (Harvesthelp, 2012).
• Pests, livestock diseases and other agricultural problems. In addition to extreme weather events, many failed harvests in African states like Malawi and Mozambique where productivity was at a low and even some crops failed completely (Mini, 2003, p. 11). Due to issues such as pests such as “desert locusts”, “cattle diseases” and other agricultural problems such as “erosion, soil infertility” (Harvesthelp, 2012).
• Climate change. Scientists and experts suspect that the above two causes mentioned are a result of “climate change, particularly in the regions of West and East Africa which are states continuously plagued by extreme droughts” (Harvesthelp,

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