It can correlate back to food insecure children who lack physical fitness, if a child does not feel comfortable in their body, maybe because their rib cage pokes out more than a child who is raised in a food secure home or maybe if they suffer from a chronic illness that enables to love their body and themselves due to the lack of food nutrition, they then lose confidence and exclude themselves from their peers. Children may also feel stigmatized, isolated, ashamed or embarrassed by their lack of food. As the “Effects of Poverty, Hunger and Homelessness on Children and Youth” also stated, “children who lack food are commonly known to become easily agitated, which makes it difficult for them to get along with their peers”. They may start slipping into bad influences such as alcohol, drugs, smoking, and early sexual activity. Some behavior problems that can results from child hunger “may include impulsiveness, aggression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder” (Effects on Poverty).
Toddlers with iron deficiency are likely to have delays in socioemotional and neurophysiological development. The article Food insecurity and hunger: A review of the effects on children's health and behaviour asserts, " In addition, children in food-insecure households tend to have diets that are high in refined sugars and low in iron, which can have behavioural consequences including hyperkinesia, inattention and poor memory (8). ", which suggest that food-insecure children are likely to consume foods that affect their behavior. In the article Childhood Food Insecurity in the U.S.: Trends, Causes, and Policy Options, defines food insecurity as, "a situation that exists whenever the availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or the ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways is limited or uncertain.” Having limited or no access to healthier foods, children are fed lower quality foods. Constantly consuming non-nutritious food can cause
Young children, that are three or younger, are in their most important stages of development including cognitive, social, and emotional development. (Chilton et el, 2007) Not having adequate food in this stage of life can result in damage that can affect a child for their entire life span. Even the smallest episode of food insecurity can effect a child’s learning potential which can lead to psychological problems. (Chilton et el, 2007) By solving this issue with an integrative viewpoint of psychology will help end the development patterns that poorly developed when a child is living in a home that is food insecure. “Nutrition provides the building blocks for brain development.
“Approximately 12.7 million, or 17 percent, of children and adolescents are obese. Unhealthy weight gain due to poor diet and also lack of exercise is responsible for over 300,000 deaths each year. Overweight children are much more likely to become overweight adults unless they adopt and maintain healthier patterns of eating and exercise” (Aacap.org). Similarly, statistics from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2011-2014 discovered that “prevalence of obesity among U.S. youth was 17.0% in 2011–2014. Overall, the prevalence of obesity among preschool-aged children (2–5 years) (8.9%) was lower than among school-aged children (6–11 years) (17.5%) and adolescents (12–19 years) (20.5%).
Head Start is a federal funded program for children between ages three to five who are underprivileged and come from low income families. A child’s mind when they first go to school is rapidly developing and at school teachers are responsible for guiding their students and helping them develop throughout the school year. If a child gets a bad teacher they can’t develop like they are suppose to. For many low income families public schools are their only option and before Head Start public schools didn’t really have a good preschool option. If a child attended preschool it regularly costed money and poor, low income families couldn’t afford to send their children to a private preschool.
A third of the child population below the age of 20 are considered obese. The way Americans eat today and the lack of physical activity is leading to serious health risk that will continue to get worse as children age. Parents need help from the government to help make changes in the environment that children grow up in. such as, limiting the unhealthy advertisements targeted at children, creating safe places for children to place and exercise, and encouraging parents to prepare nutritious meals for their children as opposed to fast food (Childhood Obesity). Interagency Working Group has started making a difference by setting recommendations for foods advertised to children.
Sending a child off to a daycare where they spend most of the day playing and eating, health effecting allergies, in a parents perspective, it may be very difficult because some parents might not understand or know exactly how to deal with allergies in a school setting, where they are not there to protect their child from any allergic reaction. In order for a parent to become knowledgable about providing health safety from their child is to first take responsibility to provide information about their child’s allergies and medications to educators so that educator can prevent any possible health danger to the child. Secondly, the government plays an essential role in providing child’s health safety. The government creates strict laws that must be practiced at a child care centre. The law requires that every school board must maintain a health safety policy.
After watching the documentary "A Place at the Table" I have a lot of new views about the food insecurity and how kids are struggling with the hunger.Food insecurity plays a huge role in the development and treatment of pediatric overweight.Children who are at lower socioeconomic status, their parent(s) receives food stamps or have financial issues will choose processed and fast food to feed their family because they are cheaper than buying healthy foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables. Another factor that contributes to obesity in children is that parents may lack the education on how to provide a healthy diet on low income and nutritional education and needed to feed their children a healthy diet. A family that lives in food deserts might
The surplus of junk food available to students in public schools has the potential to lead to a high rate of obesity in youth which can have very many negative effects on students physical health. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), children with obesity have a higher risk of acquiring serious and/or fatal health issues. Some serious health issues could include asthma, sleep apnea, and type 2 diabetes. Obese children are more likely to be bullied than kids who are not overweight, which can lead to low self-esteem, poor grades, and depression. This also can have bad effects on children when they are adults.
Another reason why school lunches should be free is because Children need nutritionists to grow. Lacking in the nutrients they need can decrease their learning abilities. There are many evidences that shows children who are hungry are not able to focus, so they have a low attention span, behavioral issues, discipline issues in the school. So nutrition is critical for a child 's brain and for concentration and learning at school. Having breakfast and lunch can increase their chances to succeed in school and in life
Children in our schools are going hungry and we do not know it. Hunger affects learning abilities because it slows cerebral function causing difficulty in concentration and academic tasks. Most food assistance programs only provide help to low-income families, but food insecurity extends into the working class as well. Providing training on signs of hunger can help school personnel mitigate this issue early. The discussion and implementation of federal and community food assistance partnerships will also help reduce the hunger issue in schools.