Food Insecurity In Schools

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Children in our schools are going hungry and we do not know it. Hunger affects learning abilities because it slows cerebral function causing difficulty in concentration and academic tasks. Most food assistance programs only provide help to low-income families, but food insecurity extends into the working class as well.
Providing training on signs of hunger can help school personnel mitigate this issue early. The discussion and implementation of federal and community food assistance partnerships will also help reduce the hunger issue in schools.
The Problem
Food insecurity has affected children in working class homes resulting in increased hunger that can lead to the development of physiological, psychological and social issues (Congressional
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It is not unusual to meet someone dealing with food insecurity that is working class, white, married, clothed and housed (McMillian, 2014). Half of those families facing food insecurity in the United States are white and two-thirds of those that have children have at least one adult working a full-time job (McMillian, 2014). Surprisingly, suburban poverty is on the rise. Decreased wages and increased home prices in larger cities have forced the working class to move resulting in a rise of food insecurity in the suburbs (McMillian,…show more content…
These include federal programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program or SNAP, The National School Lunch and National School Breakfast programs as well as The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children or WIC.
Roughly half of those that receive SNAP benefits are under the age of 18 and there are high participation rates in the National School Lunch Program and WIC. It is not uncommon for participants to receive benefits from more than one of these programs (Congressional Digest, 2010). The National School Lunch Program had 31 million participants in 2012, of those 17 million received free lunches and 3 million received lower-cost lunches (Gunderson, 2015). The School Breakfast Program is similarly run, but participation numbers are not as high, due to the limited number of schools that serve breakfast (Gunderson, 2015). Even with steep participation rates, a large percent of qualified children do not take part in school meal programs. This is due to the stigma for receiving assistance, lack of program participation by the school, or the child not eating the meals provided for one reason or another (Gunderson,

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