World Food Day is a day of fighting against hunger at the same time spread the awareness of surviving hunger . World hunger means the scarcity of food resources of a country and the wants or needs of food are unable to fulfilled in the society. Malnutrition, undernutrition and overnutrition (obesity, overweight) is the causes of hunger. Both malnutrition and undernutrition refer to the effects on people of not having enough food. In this day and age, over thousands and millions of people are struggling to feed their children a nutritious meal and most of them do not have a healthy eating lifestyle.
Today the worlds population is growing at 1.15% per year which is 80500000 people annually. Some of the most populated countries of today are India,China,Russia,Brazil and South Africa these countries are also known as the BRIC nations. Population growth does increase demand nevertheless it also volleys workforces with a lot of extra workers, this unfortunately pauperizes wages and increases poverty. It is impossible to see a correlation between population growth and development in 2 or 3 years, In order to see an correlation we have to look about 20 years back so that we can distinguish the impact of all those births entering workforces. Rapid population growth still remains in numerous amount of developing countries.
Food availability decline theory is vulnerable to criticism because it confined on food availability at local levels instead of including assessments on food availability at aggregate or macro levels. They argued that the crop failures due to natural disasters often result in high food prices, increased demand to deal with uncertainties. The decline in purchasing power affects the poor and those who are in trouble by bad weather to become food insecure (Lin and Yang 2000, cited in Galunde,
The climatic challenge is exaxerbated by inadequate infrastructure, lack of mechanization, and constraints in access to credit, insurance, and agricultural markets (Conceicao, et al., 2011). Devereux (2009) inferred that food security crises since 2000 in Africa were caused by a ‘failure of markets to deliver access to food at affordable prices’. This is due to either chronic poverty or a sudden increase in food prices without an equal increase in people’s wealth (Conceicao et al.,
IV. Causes of Poverty and Scarcity of Food The world produces enough to feed the entire global population of 7 billion people however hunger still persists that one out of eight people on the planet does not have three meals a day and goes to bed hungry at night. In some countries, one out of three children are underweight. There are many reasons for the presence of hunger in the world. The World Food Programme highlighted six main reasons that cause the scarcity of food and poverty.
People are living longer which means the population is getting older. Additionally the number of people in the world are growing. In Africa there is not only a shortage of health workers but also a greater burden of disease and scarce resources. This creates a vicious cycle of health decline, as inevitably, the disease burden grows when there are so few human and other resources available to respond to the existing health problems. It is the need to treat HIV/AIDS that particularly exacerbates the workforce shortage in Africa.47 It has been projected that, in the period 2006–2016, there could be a threefold increase in the number of patients per physician for the delivery of HIV services in Africa and that each physician would need to see 26,000 patients per year (O’Brien & Gostin).
Constraints for achieving food security: • Over population: over population is one of the Major food security issues in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is the most densely populated large country in the world. Demographic trends indicate that this number will grow to around 220 million by 2050. Bangladesh is currently experiencing rapid population growth and on the brink of severe food shortages in near future. • Poverty: among 40%people in rural Bangladesh live on less than $1.25 per day and 60 percent of that income is spent on food.
Food Security Introduction Food is the important and essential for survival of all living beings. Freedom from hunger is the fundamental rights of human beings (Johnson 2008). Food security is defined as the availability of food and access to everyone in its pure form. Food security means access to food on regular basis for healthy living. Any household with all its members having sufficient food and do not live in hunger is referred to food secure house.
A prime factor of the greater demand of food production is the ever growing population. As it stands today there are over 7.2 billion people in the world at this moment. It is growing at a rate of 1.1% per year or 75 million annually. In ecology it is understood that when the population of a species of animal is growing, the amount of food available to support the population growth rate begins to diminish and as the food starts to slowly decline the population of the species also begins to decline mainly due to starvation and malnourishment. While the population is low the food is once again given a chance to increase, thus allowing the species to once again increase.
But the political and economic crisis has brought rising poverty and social decline in its wake. The 2003 Poverty Assessment Study Survey II showed a substantial increase in poverty; between 1990 and 2003 the poverty rate rose from 25 per cent to 63 per cent. As in most countries, rural households record a higher poverty rate than urban households. Most farm proceeds and production are inadequate and food shortages are rising. Households are depending increasingly on remittances and emergency aid yet the social welfare cant manage to cater for everyone.