Food Security In Pakistan

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Introduction: Food security is a very crucial concept for the globe that has evolved significantly over the time. The meaning of food security has evolved since the first World Food Conference of 1974. It has been defined in a multiple ways by different authors and organizations. There are 450 indicators and 200 definition of food security. But, the most broad definition comes from FAO (2010) stating “food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Household food security is the application of this concept to the family level, the individuals within…show more content…
The population growth rate is 1.7 if that rate will remain same the population is expected to be doubled in the year 2045. Pakistan is a developing and agro based economy. Agriculture sector contribute about 21 percent share of GDP and employing 45 percent of labor force. Approximately 62 percent of the total population is depending on agriculture sector (Economic survey of Pakistan 2010). It is 26th largest economy of world and producing many agriculture commodities but still it have 39.6 million people food insecure (FAO 2014). The rural population is most vulnerable to food insecure as they have to deal provisioning uncertainty in their food on daily basis (Yasin, 2000). Near about 21 million individuals are foods insecure out of 56 million individuals living in urban areas of Pakistan. This problem is severe in Balochistan Province where 20 out of 25 urban districts are highly food insecure. In NWFP 5 out of 20 districts and Sindh 6 out of 17 districts are food insecure. However, Punjab is comparatively better off than other provinces (Haq, 2008).on the other hand rural areas of Pakistan have 80 out of 120 districts were undernourished of different provinces (SDPI…show more content…
In Pakistan a large percentage of individuals are tremendously poor and suffer in food insecurity due to lack of purchasing power. While food in Pakistan is particularly produced in rural areas like other most of the developing countries. A majority of poor who are food insecure as well live in these areas, having lower economic access to food as compared to urban areas (Staatz et al., 2009). Income level of household is significantly considered as determinant and a solution to food insecurity because if the income goes down the availability and access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food is perceived to be difficult (Bashir et al., 2012). There is exists discrepancy among provinces, districts and households. Even if a household is food secure it does not guarantee that each member of them household is food secure due to inequity in food distribution within household. The social factors are significant for policy making (Khan,

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