11 percent of the land area are used as cropland, 27 percent for pastureland, 32 percent as forested land, 9 percent as urban lands and the remaining 21 percent is unsuitable for crops, pasture, and/or forests because the soil is too infertile to support crop production or the climatic conditions in these areas are unfavourable for agricultural use. The land supplies greater portion of food consumed by humans. Therefore, with land being fixed in supply, its depletion poses more danger to the human race. Food security is a condition related to the supply of food, and individuals ' access to it. The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security as existing “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life”.
In 2012, Mark Tran, a reporter of The Guardian, wrote: “At the best of times this vast landlocked country [Niger] – whose estimated 14.7 million people mostly live along a narrow strip of arable land on its southern border – has trouble feeding itself” (Tran). According to the Nigerien government, “Up to 6 million people in Niger are facing severe food shortages with agencies calling for $1 billion to head off the impending crisis” (Nigerien Honorary Consulate UK). This suggest that structural problems in the agricultural sector and climate changes have led the country to food insecurity which end up in famine in the worst case scenario. The underdevelopment of Niger’s agricultural sector unable the country to satisfy its own food demand and this largely contribute to the global underdevelopment of the country. Knowing that agriculture is only the second largest source of export, one might wonder the role played by Niger’s
Scarcity is a major problem in the Central African Republic. Many of their resources are inadequate for the majority of the population. One of the worst scarcity issues in the Central African Republic is of the basic needs. Clean water is also very scarce. Nutritious food is also difficult to get in the Central African Republic.
However, despite supplying top quality coffee to the world, Ethiopian coffee farmers remained poor and live in extreme poverty due to market malfunctions and other structural injustices. As a result, they have been receiving prices far below what their coffee deserves; while other actors along the coffee value chain rip the lucrative benefits (Holmberg.
Introduction. Food security is one of the biggest problems facing the African content in the world today. Due to climate change, rapid population growth and various other factors, many citizens living in Africa cannot maintain a healthy eating diet due to inadequate access or lack of income, this causes a high percentage of individuals to live way below the required amount of food needed to be consumed on a daily basis in order to be healthy and productive. A lack of food security can lead to malnutrition, diarrhoea and foodborne which worsen the problem of food security and becomes a problem on its own. With help from other states the African Union aims to alleviate the food security problem and ensure a better life for all Africans.
The World Food Programme highlighted six main reasons that cause the scarcity of food and poverty. The following reasons are poverty trap, lack of investment in agriculture, climate change, war and displacement, unstable markets and lastly food wastage. First, is a situation where people who are living in poverty cannot afford food for themselves and their families’ much less nutritious food which becomes the reason that makes them weaker and less able to earn the money that would help them escape poverty and hunger known as Poverty Trap. According to the World Food Programme this is not just a day-to-day problem because when children are chronically malnourished, or ‘stunted’, it can affect their future income, condemning them to a life of poverty and hunger. For instance in developing countries, farmers often cannot afford seeds, so they cannot plant the crops that would provide for their families.
POVERTY IN UGANDA Poverty is the deprivation of common necessities such as food, clothing, shelter, and safe drinking water, all of which determine our quality of life. Poverty has a variety of types which include; Absolute poverty This is the lack of resources necessary for well-being. For example, food, water, housing, sanitation and health care. Relative poverty This is the lack of material and economic resources compared with some other population. Human poverty index It includes deprivation of a long healthy life, deprivation of knowledge, deprivation of decent living standards Uganda has made enormous progress in reducing poverty, slashing the countrywide incidence from 56 percent of the population in 1992 to 24.5 percent in 2009.
Introduction The world’s population is severely hit by poverty. Poverty is the general dearth. It is a state of an individual where he or she lacks the sufficient amount of material possessions or wealth. Apart from that, poverty involves more than the lack of income and personal possessions. It includes hunger, malnutrition, limited access to education, clean and safe supply of water and many more basic services.
• Poverty: among 40%people in rural Bangladesh live on less than $1.25 per day and 60 percent of that income is spent on food. Poor people can’t buy enough food although they spend major part of their income and they also have to live in unhygienic living condition. As a result they r more porn to disease which decreases their productivity and working capacity that leads to poor income and food insecurity. • Seasonal food scarcity: In our country, all kind of foods are not available throughout the year.70% of our fruits and vegetables are available in summer and that has a negative impact on food security. • Climate change: due to Global Worming Bangladesh is now facing heavy rainfall that alters the food production cycle.
Any household with all its members having sufficient food and do not live in hunger is referred to food secure house. The term food security in physical terms includes that food meets all people dietary needs as well as food preferences. While food security in economics terms referred to sufficient availability of food to all human beings (Adams, Grummer-Strawn and Chavez 2009). It is also for economic stability and social development. It is considered as important for national stability and world peace.