Essay On Food Security And Insecurity

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INTRODUCTION:
Food science is the study of many different physical, biological, and chemical consituents of food. Whereas, Food technology is applying food science to the selection, preservation, processing, packaging, distribution, and the safety of the food.
What is food security and insecurity?
Food security is the occurance of people having food at all times, having physical, social amd economic assessibility to sufficient, safe and nutritious food which meets the individuals dietary needs and preference for the active and healthy life. Wheras, Food insecurity refers to being without
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Yields have infac decreased in the past 40 years. It has shown that reasons for this occurance in Sub-Saharan Africa is due to us having the poorest soil. Its highly prone to soil erosion, very low pH(Acidic), and shortage of water. Despite this Afica still needs to produce high yields. Therefore a way of achieving this is through the use of modern biotechnology and food technology, mainly the harvesting of genetically modified crops. Urges to develop and rediscover different methods of inorganic fertilisers and pesticides, to better the soil and water management, and increase the employment of the poor, women in particular.
Factors impacting food security in Sub-Saharan Africa:
Growing demand
Food demand in Sub-Saharan Africa is due to three trends, a growing population, extremely fast urbanisation and a change of diets. As societies domestic income increases, people adopt a different lifestyle, more western. This causes a shift from grain staple to livestock products. It leads to an increase if demand for meat, vegetables, dairy and sugar

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