Food insecurity has gained so much ground in recent times because of the global population growth. Factors such as; rising prices, drought and other climate disasters, arable land shortages, and increasing demand threatens the availability of food. The world’s population projected to reach 9.6 billion in 2050. Africa’s population is projected to increase by 1.3 billion people by the middle of this century despite the ravages of hunger, disease, and civil conflict. Therefore in other to keep up with the rising demand of the growing population (not to improve the current situation), food production must increase by 70 percent by 2050 according to FAO.
If we reduce food wastage it could help to provide food to the starving people. More than one-third of the food manufactured worldwide is discarded or spoiled. Consequences of food wastage are not only limited to the human beings but also the environment as it leads to climatic changes. In industrialized countries, a lot of waste is produced due to consumers who buy too much chuck out what they do not need. In developing countries like India, food wastage is mostly due to ineffective agriculture and lack of food storage facilities.
According to the royal society, between1930 and 2010 the world’s population grew from 2 billion to 6.8 billion ,so the Continuing population causes a consumption growth and that means the global demand will increase over the next years and growing competition for land, water and energy will increase too(Black, 2010). Growth of population will affect on some countries ability to produce food especially in the poor developing countries, so improved nutrition is central to improved income generation, poverty reduction, and provide a good food quality. Lack of food quality has an impact on mother’s nourishment because they are more likely to give a birth, so mothers which are malnourished later will give birth of babies with a less healthier, growth retardation are associated with reduced physical activity, impairment of
The physical water scarcity appear when the lands water capacity doesn’t have the ability to provide the water required for the population in the area. Normally, dry parts of the Earth are identified as regions with physical water scarcity, but where people lives. Economic water scarcity is an issue when there is a lack of compassion and strong governance that allows the water scarcity to occur. Economic water scarcity is particularly about uneven water distribution, due to political or cultural conflict. It occurs only if the population of a region doesn’t have enough monetary means to obtain a decent amount of water.
Global population has shown an increase from 2 billion to 7 billion in the past 80 years. This increase is due to the number of individuals that are being added every year although many are being lost. It has been predicted that the global population will rise to 9 billion in the next 40 years. Food Security means that all people at all times have physical & economic access to sufficient amounts of affordable, nutritious food. This predicted rapid increase in the global population puts a challenge of finding solutions to feed this rapidly expanding population.
Food Insecurity The continuous increasing demand for the food requires the rapid improvement in food production technology. In a country like Ethiopia, the economy is mainly based on agriculture and the climate conditions are isotropic, still we are not able to make full usage of agricultural resources. The main reason is the lack of rains and scarcity of the land reservoir water in some areas of the country. The problem I address about my country is that Ethiopia is one of the countries among the third world countries facing food insecurity currently. It is believed that around 10.2 million people are getting hunger out of the total population of 100 million people.
The continuing prevalence of feeding problem will not stop unless they do not take the necessary measures to resolve this problem quickly. At least 1billion people in the world are undernourished (have low food security), hungry, and living without adequate daily calories. The most people category severely affected by food crisis are those who already living in poverty. The largest number of undernourished people lives in Asia and the Pacific Islands, followed by Sub-Saharan Africa. Food security issue has many reasons such as population explosion, climate change, agriculture problems and lack of awareness of the problem.
The water shortage has been a local issue from its springing up to now that governments are responsible for the supply and demand of water resources. According to the relevant survey, although the water resource is abundant in world, owing to the limited of fresh water, irregular distribution of water resource, increasing population, human ' s improper exploitation and utilization caused pollution,etc..the lack of fresh water resources has been a world problem. The earth is truly the water planet. However, the resources can be used are extremely limited: only a percentage of all and the distribution of them are extremely uneven. Adequate water resources area will cause the phenomenon of waste water on account of without awareness of water conservation.
However, this theory is criticized as incomplete and deterministic for its inability to explain, why food insecurity not occurs in drought stricken regions, such as the Middle East and in some other countries, which are independent from food production systems of their own such as Singapore. The second is Food Availability Decline theory. The proponents of this theory argued that food scarcity occurs when the availability of food is less than the food necessity of the population. The primary developers of this approach were Adam Smith and Malthus who argued that famines are primarily caused by a sudden decline in food availability. They consider natural drivers as the main causes for food insecurity and analyses their
This makes them weaker and less able to earn the money that would help them escape poverty and hunger. This is not just a day-to-day problem: when children are chronically malnourished, or ‘stunted, ' it can affect their future income, depreciating them to a life of poverty and hunger and hence this becomes a cycle. One-third of all food produced (1.3 billion tons) is never consumed. This food wastage represents a missed opportunity to improve global food security in a world where one in 8 is hungry. Producing this food also uses up precious natural resources that we need to feed the planet.