The Great Wall was made by the Qin and Han dynasty's to keep out invaders and other enemies. The benefits did outweigh the cost because it kept your city protected, it was harder for invaders to attack.They also put troops in the frontier areas of the Wall to increase the security level.According to document A it states that "the government will construct walled cities, well protected by high walls, deep moats, catapults, and thorns." This shows that the Qin and Han wanted to make it harder for the mongols to attack and that china wanted to be prepared for when other dangerous situations happen.Another thing the Qin and Han dynasties made was to impress
The Great Wall of China was built by the soldiers and the peasants, but they were controlled by the Han and the Qin Dynasty. The Wall was meant the keep the Mongols (intruders) out . In fact, however the benefits did not outweigh the cost of The Great Wall of China. According to document C it states " soldiers were forced to leave families and villages for several years" and " tens of thousands soldiers died from hunger, sickness, and extreme heat or cold. " Also because the soldiers worked non stop they didn 't have time to harvest or grow anything so they died of starvation and loneliness, this means that the soldiers were forced to work against their will and were lonely
Versailles and Forbidden City represent the difference of traditional cultures and art between the East and the West. Versailles has a elegant U-shaped main building in the center and a royal court with diverse plants. Inspired by the architecture of baroque Italian villas, but executed in the French classical style, the garden front and wings were encased in white cut ashlar stone that called enveloppe. The inner palace for royal family living is decorated with minors and luxurious lights. Sculptures and paintings are displayed in every corner. Palace of Versailles mainly made of marbles and stones which is different than the material that used in building Forbidden City. The Forbidden City is mainly made of different types of wood and overall view of is a square because chinese believe the shape of square is stable and represents royal majesty. It displays an extraordinarily harmonious balance between buildings and open space within a symmetrical layout. The function of the inner part is the same as Versailles. Royal family live in inner palace and exterior palace is only for ceremony during special events. The design of separate parts of palace are similar in both palaces due to the demanding of emperors
“The great wall is also known as the longest graveyard.”Emperor Qin had believed China needed more protection so he built a great wall,which was finished being built by several dynasty’s to pass. Despite the losses of the workers lives the great wall benefited China by providing protection,glorifying China, and helped the trading system.
To start off, People who lived within China’s Walls were given more protection. In Document B, The Xiongnu were planning to invade China, as a result Wu Di decided to build a wall. After the construction of the wall, everyone was safe and they were protected from invasions.
Ancient civilizations began in areas that had arable land and other features such as rivers. Civilizations succeeded in these environments because they could settle down and not live a nomadic lifestyle. Because the land was arable, agriculture prospered and people relied on the geography to grant them the elements needed for survival. In China and Egypt, geography greatly influenced and affected the lives of the people living there because of the prosperous rivers and large natural barriers.
More than 1 million people died while building the Great Wall of China! The Great Wall of ancient China was a huge wall that was build to keep out unwanted people (the Xiongnu). The Great Wall took many peoples lives because of the heights and suffering the people went through. The Wall took around 2,000 years to build. Did the benefits outweigh the costs? I believe that they did not because of documents F, E, B. There were to many people being tortured just for one wall and all of the not necessary deaths, not to mention but all of the peasants and farmers the people who last the food had to go build he wall so everyone even if you weren’t building the wall document E, F.
After the Neolithic Revolution Era, civilizations in Asia and Northeast Africa started to form. All of the civilizations in that area were located near water, so that’s why they were all called, River Valley Civilizations. The most advanced ancient river valley civilization was the Indus Valley Civilization. According to Document 5, it states that “While the cities of Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt were built with very little planning...the cities of the Indus Valley were sophisticatedly planned. The cities were built on a grid system.” With this specific planning of their city, it was easier for people to live their lives. The Indus Valley is built on this type of system, showed they were more sophisticated than other civilizations.
In Portland, the Shanghai Tunnels have the reputation of being haunted and it comes as no surprise given its grisly and dreadful past. Back in those days, Portland was known by many names. One of its names was ‘Shanghai Capital of the World’. And that is no flattering title – after all, ‘shanghaiing’ was a terrible practice of using kidnapped humans as slaves for different kinds of work. They were forced to board ships and work there. Since most of these ships were headed to Shanghai in China, the name ‘shanghaiing’ stuck. How did the tunnels get involved in this process?
In the first document the Buddha puts importance on the steps to talking about the ending of suffering. This is why so many people decided to join the religion of the Buddha, many people who were poor were struggling because many lives were lost as the nation of China had unstable governmental leaders. Then again, this is why a lot of the wealthy people could not relate to Buddhism, they were not struggling and have an extravagant lifestyle (Document 6). Zhi Dun, who was pro Buddhist spoke about how the understanding and the acceptance of the Buddhist is important in China because the people in China who are wealthy don’t understand what it means to be a Buddha because they are lost in their wealthy life style. During upsetting eras, for example the time period after the Han yu’s fall, people would join Buddhism to be able to believe that they had the potential of a release from the physical world and escape to a better place where they could find enlighten (Document 4).
In Doc. 4, Han Yu, a Confucian scholar, discussed the idea of having a procession into the palace in which the finger bone of Buddha, retrieved from India, was to be displayed to the people. He saw this as ludicrous and disgusting, recalling that The Buddha was foreign, did not mention Chinese thinkers or kings and did not honor the central Confucian concept of the hierarchy and the family. Han Yu believed that, if The Buddha were alive, he would be sent away and unable to “delude”, or trick and deceive, the Chinese people. This account is hateful, calling Buddhism an “evil”. This shows that some scholars felt threatened by the foreign ideas flowing from India and believed that Buddhism was in no way beneficial to China. It also shows, since the writer is a Confucianist, that some did not believe that the ideologies could coexist or be mutually accepted. The notion that anything foreign isn’t trustworthy or applicable to Chinese life suggests that China believed it was the center of the universe and was superior to surrounding nations. The author’s point of view must be taken into account, however; Han Yu, being a Confucian scholar, likely spent long hours examining Confucian text and was unfamiliar to ideas that contradicted those beliefs. Therefore, he might not be open to receiving new ideas. The next document, given by Tang Emperor Wu, is an edict that was sent out concerning Buddhism, likely the same one that resulted in the destruction of numerous Buddhist temples and that mandated that many monks and nuns to reenter the workforce. Using a furious tone, the account again cites the fact that Buddhism was not completely aligned with Confucianism and Chinese tradition as a reason for eliminating the faith. Wu called Buddhism a bane on society, reasoning that it weakened families and caused
This new American State will be called Monkaushka derived from the Native American term: trembling earth or earthquake. The people that live in this state are incredibly friendly people who have a tendency to be outspoken with their beliefs and warm in their hearts. They are homely folk who tend not to leave their close knit areas for too long. There is an folk tale that crawls around the towns that no one has ever left this state; only those who weren’t born here can come and go. You would think that is ridiculous, but the landscape that this state resides on is unlike any other state and can verify the legend for many people. It has many mountains with steep slopes and snow covered tops. They obstruct most of the rising sun and setting sun
A civilization’s architecture not only shows the artistic skills of its designers and builders but also the functionality of its engineers, the power of its government, and the inventiveness of its people. Architecture was a crucial element to the success of two major cites in Europe, Rome and Athens. Each city had structures consisting of formal architecture like temples and basilicas showing the influence that its leaders had over each city, while utilitarian buildings like bridges and aqueducts helped build communication between distant cities throughout each empire. Though architecture as a whole was an important role in unifying the cities, the architecture design within each illustrates the similarities and differences between two.
The Mughals who ruled India from 1526-1858, emerged as great patrons of architecture. Mughal architectural is a great historical source as it reflects on imperial ideology of the time. The Mughals drew upon various architectural traditions- indigenous Indian traditions, Indo Islamic architecture form the Sultanate period, Persian traditions, European traditions and introduced their own Timurid traditions of Central Asia. Right from Babur to Aurangzeb, architecture was used to assert power and seek legitimacy by the Mughals.