Due to a limit of crop species, traditional farmers still continue growing crops for urban people. Moreover, vertical farming focuses on a high value and rapid-growing, so those slow-growing crops are not profitable in a commercial vertical farming system (Birky, 2016). The benefits of vertical farm toward humanity are various than its drawbacks. As the production through the controlled systems is not susceptible to variation of any factors such as climate, insects and disease, the innovation can increase crop yields in year-round production with high quality and quantity without using herbicides or pesticides. Additionally, vertical farming can take advantage of low-value land or unavailable for food production.
A grass farmer believes in the advantages of grass fed meat and practices the strategy. In this kind of food chain grass is the base; then animals are added; the animals eat the grass; the animals produce (wool, eggs, meat, milk, etc); their wastes (fecal and slaughter) create a compost; which is used on the soil to grow grass that will continuously provide food for the animals and indirectly for humans. In the book, Joel mentions that animals rotate in and out but grass is a constant, which further verifies the importance of grass in this kind of food chain. The kinds of disciplines this particular statement encompasses are agriculture, nutrition, biology, chemistry, environmental science, math,
So in turn, “organic farming is a farming system that avoids the use of artificial fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides and uses organic manure抯 and organic methods of crop rotation” . As explained, organic farming relies on natural matter and techniques to create crops. In written form, organic farming is easy to understand, but the actual implementation of it is not so easy. This type of cultivation benefits the land but it takes time to see the results of its work on the environment because non-organic farming has damaged it severely. The use of pesticides on the land effects the ability of top soil reproduction of soil organic carbon (SOC).
Can be used of Commercial Crops- We can grow commercial crops to improve the economy of our country. Low Labor Costs- Vertical Farm Systems are fully automated growing systems with automatic SMS text messaging for any faults. Manual labor is only required on-site for planting, harvesting and packaging of crops - and the required skill levels are very low. REDUCED TRANSPORT COSTS- Vertical Farm Systems can be established in any geographic location with suitable power and water supplies. Strategic positioning of facilities close to the point of sale or in distribution hubs dramatically decreases the time from harvest to consumer and also reduces costs for refrigerated storage and transport.
Research question Does the use of organic vegetable production methods result in a greater yield being achieved than the yield that is achieved through the use of conventional farming methods? Introduction Farmers in South Africa have historically employed the methods related to organic farming. However, over the years, with a steadily growing population and the resultant increased food demand, new, and what are now referred to as “conventional” farming methods were needed to match this increased food demand. However, organic farming has gained renewed popularity in recent years. Conventional farming refers to methods of farming which include the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides and genetically modified organisms
to the maximum extent feasible organic farming system rely upon crop rotation ,crop residues ,animals manures , legumes green manures off farm organic wastes, mechanical cultivation , mineral bearing rocks and aspect of biological pest control to maintain soil productivity and tilth , to supply plant nutrients , and control weeds and others pests. • Organic agriculture is the production system that sustain the health of soil , ecosystem and peoples , by relying on ecological process , biodiversity and natural cycles and adapted to local condition than the use of inputs with adverse effects. (IFOAM ,2008) • "Organic agriculture is a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity. It emphasises the use of management practices in preference to the use of off-farm inputs, taking into account that regional conditions require locally adapted systems. This is accomplished by using, where possible, agronomic, biological, and mechanical methods, as opposed to using synthetic materials, to fulfil any specific function within the system."
These two terms are often used interchangeably; however they are stark different in meanings and implications. The informal enterprises are comprised of unorganised sector while the informal employment comprises of people who are informally employed in either the organised or the unorganised sector. Informal sector is hence defined based upon two approaches: Enterprise approach: according to this approach the informal sector is defined based upon the characteristics of the production units. Hence the sector is defined as a “collection of enterprises”. Labour approach: it defines a set of guidelines for labourers who are employed informally.
Agriculture leads the economies of developing countries like Ethiopia and it is the fastest growing agricultural sector in the countries (3.77% for livestock vs. 2.71% for crops in last decade (Röös et al., 2016). By the year 2005 consumers in developing countries were consumed 87% more meat and 75% more milk making livestock production the largest share of the value of global agricultural output (Kong and Fao, 2005). Livestock in the country is important and integral component of agriculture and the back bone of the economy. Ethiopia 's livestock population, the largest in Africa, has considerable contribution to the national economy and the livelihood of the people (Mithal et al., 2013) . Livestock production in Ethiopia contributes up to 80% of the farmers ' income.
The networks can cut through formal procedures to start initiatives and meet deadlines. Learning how to map these social links can help managers harness the real power in their companies and revamp their formal organizations to let the informal ones thrive. It is said that if the formal organization is the skeleton of a company, the informal is the central nervous system driving the collective thought processes, actions, and reactions of its business units.it is designed to facilitate standard modes of production. Some examples explaining how these networks breaks are given in the article. The article also talks about how to set up these communities strategically.
These seeds are engineered for both the large-scale and small-scale farmer to ensure that what they produce is sustainable and cost efficient. They also manufacture herbicides for commercial and consumer use like the lawn owners. Furthermore, they also provide agricultural data to all scale of