It also raises learners’ awareness about their current abilities and achievements. The authors further add that FA can be a diagnostic tool for students, which helps them to recognize their weaknesses, solve their problems, and make realistic decisions. Additionally, assessment lets students know how they are making progress and gives teachers feedback on their teaching. According to Young and Kim (2010), “using assessment and other data to improve instruction is a powerful proposition” (p. 28). McMillan (2007) also believes FA provides students with ongoing corrective feedback, improves learning, and encourages student involvement.
Their roles is to plan, coordinate, schedule, and evaluate curriculum and instructional outcomes within a secure, positive, and enriched inclusive classroom environment. Their main responsibility is to provide instructional schedule and long range plan information. On the other hand, special education teachers have to design their lessons plans to fit each of the individual’s needs. Their main role is to provide instruction and support which facilitate the participation of students with disabilities in special education classrooms, but also in regular education classrooms. Their principal responsibility is to serve as case managers and be responsible for the development, implementation, and evaluation of their students.
They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences. The motivational psychology researchers discovered several useful approaches and practices that can be implemented in the classroom for effective learning to take place (Miller, 2012). Teachers are using differentiation to support teaching and learning. Differentiation can vary in pace, activities, resources, teaching and learning styles in an attempt to best meet the needs of individual student. Various teaching strategies such as cooperative learning, active learning, role play and games and pedagogic tools are being integrated in educational theories in meaningful and useful ways to encourage task or learning achievements.
Formative assessment refers to a wide variety of methods that teachers use to conduct in-process evaluations of student comprehension, learning needs, and academic progress during a lesson, unit, or course. Brown (2004) defines formative assessment as “evaluating students in the process of “forming” their competencies and skills with the goal of helping them to continue that growth process”. Cowie and Bell, (1999) adopt a narrower definition of formative assessment by using the definition “the process used by teachers and students to recognize and respond to student learning in order to enhance that learning, during the learning”. This definition requires formative assessment to take place during learning. That is, focusing the unplanned an
Assessment for Learning Align assessment with the constructive, student-centred learning models. For instance, self and peer assessment. Formative assessments must connect the teacher–student communication in learning and providing instruction. There is a requirement of timely and understandable feedback in order to better lead the students in future learning. (Carless 2005).
Synthesis The new trend in school management is to create and develop remarkable school leaders through training and development. A thorough review of literature showed that the leadership traits were known by its adjective expressions such as instructional, participative, democratic, strategic and transformational. To manage own resources is about managing personal resources (particularly knowledge, understanding, skills, experience and time) in order to achieve work objectives. Teacher performance management is a continuous process for identifying, evaluating and developing the work performance of teachers, so that the goals and objectives of the school are more effectively achieved, while at the same time benefiting teachers in terms of recognition of performance, professional development and career guidance. The provision of continuing professional development of school heads is considered as the most effective strategy for ensuring a turnaround in the quality of
No one can deny the role that assessment plays in any language learning situation. The same is true for the special practice of assessment as an integral part of learning in class known as classroom-based assessment (CBA) which has gained an unprecedented place in recent years. CBA has been defined as “encompassing all those activities undertaken by teachers and or by their students, which provide information to be used as feedback to modify the teaching and learning activities in which they are engaged” (Black and Wiliam, 1998, p.7). According to this definition, the prime purpose of CBA is to provide teachers with in-depth information to make sound decisions in their moment-by-moment teaching. Airsian (1991, p.15) believes that CBA “occupies
The most important part of the assessment is the interpretation and the use of the information that is gleaned for its intended purpose assessment is embedded in the learning process, it is tightly interconnected with curriculum and instruction. As teachers and students work towards the achievement of curriculum outcomes, assessments plays a consent role in informing instruction, guiding the student’s next steps, and checking progress and achievement. Teachers use many different process and strategies for classroom assessment, and adapt them to suit the assessment purpose and needs of individual students. Research shows that students learn best when assessment are based on clear learning goals. It differs according to students learning
It is a process of gathering and interpreting evidence to make judgments about student learning. It can be used to practice, plan curriculum, and to reflect on teachers teaching method. It also help us to provide information to parents, children and also administrators. Different ways of assessment are being used to allow the teacher to decide which instructional strategies are essential and which need to be changed. Formative, summative, traditional, alternate are ways of assessment.
One example is that psychomotor skills of performance-based task among the students in their classes. A good lesson allows a valid and reliable criterion reference of performance. A lesson log is a printed set of guidelines that distinguishes performance or products of different quality. According to Adorinda R. Monje-Sarmiento (2008), Evaluation is a primary part of the education process. The teacher should lead every experience in terms of the needs and interests of the students as seen in life situations.