Formative Reflective Assessment

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To apply formative assessment effectively in the classroom, teachers have to know about formative assessment principles so that they can optimize the opportunities for gathering evidence. In so doing, it helps improve students’ learning process. Black and William (1998a) “set out four main headings for formative assessment practice: sharing learning goals, questioning, self/ peer assessment and feedback”. o Sharing learning goals: teachers give students an opportunity to get involved in what they are learning through discussing and deciding the criteria for success, which they can then use to recognize proof of improvement. Hence, information about learning objectives as well as success criteria needs to be presented in clear, explicit language which students can understand. Fontana & Fernandez (1994) concluded that “students who understand the learning objectives and assessment criteria and have opportunities to reflect on their work show greater improvement than those who do not”. o Questioning: is an important element in formative assessment. “The quality of the questions has a great effect on the quality of the assessment.…show more content…
According to these principles, assessment for learning should be: (1) part of effective planning of learning and teaching, (2) concentrating on how students learn; (3) central to classroom practice; (4) considered as key professional skill for teachers; (5) sensitive and constructive because of its having an emotional impact; (6) taking account of the importance of learners’ motivation; (7) promoting commitment to learning goals and a shared understanding of the criteria; (8) helping learners to receive constructive guidance about how to improve their learning; (9) improving learners’ capacity for self-assessment in order that they can become reflective and self-managing; and (10) recognizing the full range of achievements of all

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