Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. It may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. In short the system of collecting data for research project is known as research methodology. This includes various steps that are generally adopted by a researcher in studying his research problem along with the logic behind them. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods/techniques but also the methodology.
Introduction Research is process of finding solution to an identified problem or opportunity through systematic investigation and study. There are seven steps involved in research process. There are many different types of research and the descriptive research is a very powerful methodology to obtain desire outcomes. Descriptive methodology is in which there is no manipulation of research environment. The questionnaire technique is used to collect data and is able to provide a good result.
Methodology serves to explain the explicit and implicit assumptions adopted by the researcher during the entire research process. Methodology serves as the foundation upon which the entire research is built. The chosen research methodology then identifies, to a large extent, the research methods for data collection and data analysis (Creswell, 2003; Denzin and Lincoln, 2000). 3.4 Action Research Action research has been selected as an Inductive, qualitative methodology that is capable of exploring both facts and the meanings attributed to a social situation by the actors. Action research has been understood by board researchers in a diversity of habits but there are four topics in the literature.
Concept 1:- concept of RESEARCH This concept is taken from module 1 title basic research terms and concepts of research Research according to the advanced learner’s dictionary of current English is a careful investigation of inquiry especially thorough search for new facts in any branch of knowledge. Polit and Beck (2012), state that research is a scientific process. It is scientific because the results are verifiable. It is a systematic search for answers to question about fact and relationship between facts. Burns & Grove(1997) in Akinsola (2005) opined that the root meaning of the word research is to search again or to examine carefully.
Research is a way of gathering information and acquiring knowledge whether from the traditional sources or scientific method. However, scientific methods are more orderly process because it combines induction, deduction, observation and hypothesis testing into a set of reflective thinking activities at which it tries to describe reality truthfully. It is a system of way in producing knowledge. According to Denzin & Lincoln (1994), a qualitative research focuses on interpretation of phenomena in their natural settings to make sense in terms of the meanings people bring to these settings. Overall, a good research is depends on the ability of researchers to conceptualise ideas and how well others understand the concepts used.
The important part of the research method is the philosophy, which is chosen considering the context and nature of the study. Some different research philosophies are there such as positivism, pragmatic, interpretivism, and realism. For this study, positivism research philosophy is used and in this method, the controlled approach is focused for the purpose of ensuring that is research study is discussing the context and purpose effectively (Bhattacharyya, 2006). With the help of this research philosophy, the researcher determines the topic and evaluates the method, which is most appropriate for the study under consideration. The purpose of selecting this approach is that it utilises statistical or mathematical method to analyse the data gathered.
According to Hillway (1964), he claims that, “Basic research rarely helps practitioners directly with their everyday concerns. It stimulates new ways of thinking that have the potential to revolutionize and dramatically improve how practitioners deal with a problem in future. Conclusion Generally research seeks to contextualize its findings within the larger body of research and action. It gathers knowledge that is applicable outside of the research setting with implications that go beyond the research. The results of the study have implications for policy and project implementation.
They do their research in different ways and in different situation and one of the major areas of research is education. So conducting research in educational life should be the most important aspects of each educator’s practical or professional life. According to the description of Best & Kahn (1993) research should be de-fined as: ‘the objective and systematic analysis with recording of controlled observations leading to development of principles, theories, generalizations, predictions, or possibly the eventual control of the facts’. So research is done in education for the improvement of school practices as well as to develop the ideas for the future aspects in professional life. The benefits of research in education are described below: Research is helpful to understand the topic in any subject with its principles in better and easier way such that new questions or theories will be solved.
Both types of research gather information that fits their needs and involves a synthesis of information, and inquiry. They both focus on the cause and effect relationships. Formative research poses questions that come from planning, putting into practice, and function. Data is gathered from the target group, the group 's characteristics, problems, locations, community, potentiality, and other demographic information. When using formative evaluation, it is necessary to ensure there isn 't duplication of services.
Research is a proper guidance which enables one to understand the new developments in one’s field in a better way. So, this research will have significant contribution in the pedagogical area, research area, policy area, personal area and professional area. Delimitations of the