Introduction Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy were all forms of government found at different times and in different city-states in Ancient Greece. Elements of more than one of these forms also co-existed, however, and the modern connotations of labels such as these are not necessarily the same as those that prevailed in Ancient Greece. In this paper I firstly describe these various forms of government and provide examples of their use in Ancient Greece. I then compare and contrast the models. Monarchy Monarchy may be defined as: “a government having a hereditary chief of state with life tenure and powers varying from nominal to absolute” (Merriam Webster, n.d.).
A common definition for oligarchy is "a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes" (Oligarchy., n.d.). Carthage is defined as an oligarchal republic because it did elect its officials, but only aristocrats could hold public office. The highest position in Carthage was the suffete, which was held by two men. "One lead the armed forces of Carthage when at war and the other would run the government at home. "(Cartwright, M., 2016).
Thereby dividing the constitutions into oligarchy (rule of the rich) and democracy (rule of the poor). Aristotle’s worry with democracy is that when there is rule of the many, the many tend to rule in their own interests. He classifies the 5 different forms of democracy: i) complete equality by law, regardless of wealth; ii) citizens must hold a minimum property qualification to participate iii) all uncontested citizens participate, and the law is sovereign; iv) any citizen can participate, and the law is sovereign; v) any citizen can participate, and the public is sovereign. He further classifies 4 different forms of oligarchy: i) citizens must fulfill property qualifications to participate (Aristotle. 4.4); ii) citizens must fulfill high property qualifications, and current officers select new officers; iii) participation through hereditary means iv) participation through hereditary means and the officers are sovereign.
The main objective of this essay is to describe and investigate the structure of the government in the ancient Greece’s most powerful city states, namely, Athens and Sparta. Both city states have gone through various cycles of wars, reforms, social upheaval and unrests, and each of these elements has had influenced the development of the governmental systems that we have bettered or inherited today. Athenians saw the need for fundamental changes in the government, allowing them to pave the way for direct participation of their citizens and citizen’s initiative in the democracy and elimination of the some oligarchical elements. The Sparta, although not as democratic as Athens, allowed women to be far more than reproductive machines whom were expected
Among the Ancient Greece polices there are two which mostly deserve the research of their history, namely Athens and Sparta. These city-states applies different approaches to the political organization, social structure and adoption of different cultural priorities. The abovementioned differences presuppose the unequal influence of these states on the development of ancient Greece and modern world in general. Within the sphere of political organization, the Athens are regarded to be the homeland of democracy, while Spartan society demonstrates the features of oligarchy. The post-Cleisthenes Athens had a special system of government, which is often thought to be the most democratic one of all times.
Compare and contrast monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy as forms of government in Ancient Greek city-states. ￼￼￼University of the People Student X Written assignment unit 2 Compare and contrast monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy as forms of government in Ancient Greek city-states. ￼1 Compare and contrast monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy as forms of government in Ancient Greek city-states. Introduction Before all let define democracy, so it is defined as a type of government where people exert the sovereignty. As far as democracy is concerned, critics of democracy, such as Thucydides and Aristophanes, both are pinpointing on that the demos in which that they thought that it could be too easily swayed by a good orator or popular leaders the firebrand and get carried away with their emotions.
Compare and contrast monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy as forms of government in Ancient Greek city-states. Monarchy: According to Meriam Webster, a monarchy can be a) “undivided rule or absolute sovereignty by a single person” or b) “a nation state having a monarchical government” or c) “a government having a hereditary chief of state with life tenure and powers varying from nominal to absolute”. (Merriam Webster, n.d.). From these definitions, it is clear that a Monarchy consists of a single individual rule, having earned that status through inheritance. Monarchies were not a very common form of governance within the Greek system.
It didn’t work out as a democracy, so different governments evolved on the island. Some of the forms of governments shown in Lord of the Flies are totalitarian, republic, and anarchy. After Ralph and Jack have an argument about Jack’s hunters in Chapter 8 that led Jack to say “I’m not going to play any longer. Not with you.” (Golding 127) and create his own totalitarian government with some of his choir kids, known as the savages. A Totalitarian Government is a government where they don’t like people that have different opinions and the government usually has dictatorial tendencies over the aspects of life (Dictionary.com).
Theocracy is a kind of political system which is based on the person who controls the religion. What the pope said is true and we should abide by it. Its same as the political system which is called dictatorship but it just control by the religion. Second we should discuss about is oligarchy. The meaning about oligarch is that little people control the whole country.
The unreasonable type of Commonwealth was marked as Democracy. Democracy is a form of government where individuals would go into the assemblies of government not to do social equity but instead look for their closures. Nobody will bargain to accomplish answers for issues. This causes a breakdown during the time spent government and in the end a fall of the