According to Erick Erickson the first stage of the Psychosocial Developmental Theory is trust versus mistrust, it starts from birth to one year old. In this stage, infant fully depended on caregiver to fulfill he or she needs. Erikson believes that infant-parent attachment, the first social relationship, lays the foundation for all of the infant’s later social relationship. The main development task for this stage will be developing trust to the environment, others and self. In addition, infant needs to develop a sense of safety to his surroundings.
By developing a sense of trust, the infant can have hope that as new crises arise, there is a real possibility that other people will be there are a source of support. Failing to acquire the virtue of hope will lead to the development of fear. • Autonomy
This shows Montag’s determination because he does not give up even though he is in a painful situation. Montag “put out his legs as far as they would go and down and then far out again and down and back and out and down and back. God! God! He dropped a book, broke pace, almost turned, changed his mind, plunged on, yelling in concrete emptiness…” (Bradbury 127).
In the article Social (Dis)Order and Psychosocial Trauma: Look Earlier, Look Outside, and Look Beyond the Persons by Amalio Blanco, Ruben Blanco, and Dario Diaz stated “ Based on new theoretical insights and supporting data, the authors propose an expanded 4-dimension theoretical argument on psychosocial trauma: (a) pre-trauma conditions based on social distress, (b) shared network of fear leading to breakdown of core social assumptions, (c) the outgroup as a target of negative emotions, and (d) destruction of family ties and community networks”. As this article states, these are 4- dimension theoretical argument on psychosocial
Yet Jack uses his assertiveness and authority over the pig’s meat and denies Piggy any meat. Jack uses prejudice against Piggy to gain popularity amongst the savages by sharing common dislike. Surprisingly, Piggy is also described in a way that makes it seem like he is also enforcing the idea of inferiority. Until Piggy introduces himself to the audience, he is referred to as “the fat boy”. Moreover, the novel begins by describing Piggy as, “shorter than the fair boy and very fat”.
Because of his physical appearance and tendency to be shy, he is unable to convince the boys that he can be trusted. His intellectual superiority made him to good for the wild boys and his inability to defend himself, led to his death. Piggy cared about all of the boys and if he were a leader, he would never let anyone get hurt. The way he cared about the littluns is a clear example of his humanity, rational thinking and kindness. He is
Erikson lists 5 stages between the infant and adolescence stages of life. Stage I is termed trust verses mistrust. This in the infant stage (birth to 2 years); the infant must come to view the world as a safe place with reliable, nurturing, and dependable relationships. As long as the infants needs are met in a nurturing and timely manner, he or she comes to see the world and others as trustworthy, and can gain a sense that they are worthy of love. If this stage is not mastered, the infant will demonstrate fretfulness, whining, clinging behaviors in conjunction with physical symptoms such as, ineffective sleep patterns, vomiting and diarrhea.
Firstly we will be focusing on Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. He believes that the first stage of development plays out during the first year of life. This is based on the notion that as an infant grows, he/she will either develop a sense of mistrust or trust of individuals depending upon whether his/her needs for teething, food, comfort, and sleeping are met (Erikson, 1993: 33-41). He suggests that during this stage, an individual will not only gain a 'syntonic' or positive outcome in varying levels of 'trust' but will also obtain other essential virtues of " drive and hope " (Erikson, 1993: 33-41). However, we also have the "dystonic" outcome (mistrust), which a child can develop if the caregiver lacks the ability or resources to provide these basic needs (Erikson, 1993: 33-41).If a child develops too much ‘mistrust’ or ‘trust’ a maladaptation can occur which may lead to withdrawal or sensory distortion (Erikson, 1993:
In the book, Gatsby is very foolish, his actions are unreasonable and unrealistic. “He wanted nothing less of Daisy than that she should go to Tom and say: "I never loved you. "” (125) Gatsby had expected Daisy to be the same girl she was five years ago, but the truth is that she isn't. Many things had happened to the both of them and he had set up a foolish expectation that Daisy was willing to leave Tom for him. Gatsby’s foolishness originated with Daisy.
The development of trust that an infant engages in sets the positive or negative expectation they have on the world (Karkouti, 2014). If the parents of the child meet the child’s essential needs, the child develops trust. Hence, if those needs aren 't met, the child develops mistrust. The basic strength of this stage is hope. The feeling of confidence coincides with the belief of desires will be satisfied.