After the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which allowed settlers of Kansas to decide on the question of slavery, was passed, pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers alike poured into Kansas to turn the tide towards their own end. The result was widespread violence and crime, known as “Bleeding Kansas”. In an act of revenge, Brown and his sons traveled to Pottawatomie Creek and killed five “pro-slavery” men, none of whom actually owned slaves., His raid on the Federal armory at Harper’s Ferry, resulted in the death of an African American, who confronted Brown and three other civilians. Brown believed that other slaves would come to his aid and escape together to the Alleghany (Appalachian) Mountains, where they would be able to subsist and defend themselves from attack; when the slaves were sold further south, slavery would be purged from one county, making his attack a success. Brown’s attack was not only meant to free hundreds of slaves, but also to send a clear political message: he was going to drive slavery out of the United States by coercion.
Lord Dunmore started the first anti-slavery movement, initiating his "proclamation" in November 7th, 1775, gathering a few hundred slaves within several weeks to join him. Unfortunately, he became ill in August 1776. His proclamation offered freedom, but only to those who would flee and serve. While it was supposed to disable rebellion, it caused nothing but that. Thousands of escaped southern slaves would then join the British forces in the south, seeking to end slavery.
Sherman’s March to the Sea: America’s War Crime Between November 15 and December 21, 1864, General William Tecumseh Sherman led 60,000 Union troops on a 285-mile march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. The purpose of the march was to strike fear into Georgia’s civilian population and lower the moral on the Confederate home front (History). This “March to the Sea” left a scar through the heart of Georgia and impacted life in the South for decades. Sherman’s actions were war crimes, but were the best thing under the circumstances. Per Duhaime’s Law Dictionary, a war crime is “excessive brutality during war, in contravention of an international treaty or convention” (Duhaime).
PGT went to a private school in New Orleans, until his parents sent his to a French School in New York City, New York. In New York he learned how to speak english and he eventually enrolled at West Point. Beauregard graduated from the U.S military Academy at West Point in 1838. He was second in his class at West Point.mIn 1861 he resigned from the U.S army to serve in the Confederate army. On April 12th, 1861 Beauregard’s troops fired and 2 days later made Robert Anderson surrender.
The KKK was out to get any person who helped during the Reconstruction. Northerners were tired of the South’s resistance. A state Senator of Caswell, John W. Stephens, was fatally stabbed to death by members of the Ku Klux Klan because he wanted change for America. People who wanted America to change were usually killed or silenced by organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan. Anyone who supported congressmen from the South who did not want to end this problem was “…a coward, a traitor, or a fool.” (Document 3) The Klansmen created terror in Southern communities by targeting African American officials, making the community more vulnerable.
Her most important contribution was her reports of Confederate forces to Union commanders, which were extensively used during the 1864 Overland Campaign. Following the Burning of RIchmond, and Lee’s Surrender to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Van Lee continued to destroy gender barriers of the time frame. She was a pioneer while fighting for the education of blacks immediately following the war, during a time in which most women themselves were not allowed an education. Though she was shunned by most of white Richmond following the war, President Grant appointed her Postmaster of Richmond, a predominantly male post, in 1869. She would serve in that capacity until
Radical Reconstruction took place in 1865, and ended in 1877. Reconstruction started when Abraham Lincoln became president in 1861. When Lincoln was elected president, he put our country to war the north against the south to abolish slavery. This war was the Civil War. The Civil War lasted from 1861 to 1865.
In 1865, President Andrew Johnson presented plans for Reconstruction. President Johnson passed restrictive “Black Codes” to control the behavior and labor of former slaves and other African Americans. On July 7, 1865, 4 people were hung in Washington,D.C., after being declared guilty of making a secret harmful plan of the assassination of President Lincoln with John Wilkes Booth. John Wilkes Booth was an american actor who killed President Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14,1865. He
The proclamation could not be enforced in the areas still under rebellion, but when the Union Army took control of Confederate regions, The Proclamation provided the legal support framework for freeing about more than 3 million slaves in those southern regions. Prior to the Proclamation, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which suggested that escaped slaves were either returned back to their prior masters or held in camps, contraband for their later return. The Proclamation applied only to the slaves in Confederate held lands and thus it did not apply to those in the four slave states in the south that were not in rebellion, nor and lower Louisiana, and excluded those counties of Virginia that were soon to form the state of West