Brief Summary Ulysses S. Grant’s armies approached on Vicksburg, surrounding the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations. This was the climax of one of the most brilliant campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this critical fortress on the Mississippi River, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Grant’s triumph in the West raised by his reputation, leading eventually to his arrangement as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.The battle of Vicksburg was waged for only 47 days, during May and June of 1863.
On Friday, April 12, 1861, at 4:30 a.m., Confederate batteries opened fire on Fort Sumter and continued for 34 hours. Anderson did not return the fire for the first two hours. The fort 's supply of ammunition was not suited for an equal fight and Anderson lacked fuses for his exploding shells. At 7:00 A.M., Union Capt. Abner Doubleday, the fort 's second in command, was afforded the honor of firing the first shot in defense of the fort.
The War begins March 4, 1861. Major Anderson, the commander in charge of Fort Sumter, and 80 men, reported that the Confederate patience for having a foreign fort in its territory was wearing thin. On April 11, 1861 Confederate Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard sent 500 men to Major Anderson to demand the fort’s surrender. Major Anderson refused and the next day Confederates opened fire on the fort.
Defeating the Confederates was difficult for the Union. This battle was the longest Union campaign. First, the Union tried attacking in two directions. They attacked and defeated Confederates at Shiloh, Corinth, and Memphis. Then, David Farragut came up from the Gulf of Mexico.
The battle of Second Bull Run was fought August 28-30, 1862. The battle took place in prince William county Virginia (Manassas). John Pope was the major general for the Union side and later joined with George Brinton McClellan. The Major General on the confederate side was Robert E. Lee. There were 62,000 soldiers and 14,000 casualties for the Union and 50,000 soldiers and 8,000 casualties for the confederate.
The governor responded to the emergence of the KKK stronger than the governments of the south. He served mostly to Missouri and Arkansas, and fought at Wilson’s creek and after the capture of Little Rock in September 1863, was assigned the post at Pine Bluff. On October 1863, he repulsed an attack by Confederate General J. S. Marmaduke and for his actions caused Clayton to be promoted to Brigadier General of US volunteers in August 1864. After the long bloody war he was elected Arkansas’s Reconstruction Governor, and served til 1877. He was a member of the Republican National Committee in 1889 and also served as Ambassador to Mexico from 1897 until
Before the Union forces are defeated, the Governors of Colorado and Kansas receive word and assemble a volunteer force. The Unions outcome at the Battle of Glorieta Pass would ultimately be decided by the volunteers from Colorado, Kansas, and New Mexico. In March of 1862, Colonel P Slough marches his volunteer force of roughly 900 men, most of which were miners, to Fort Union, New Mexico. Once there, Col. Slough joined with the 1,500 New Mexico Volunteers and marched on the Santa Fe Trail to establish a defensive position in Glorieta Pass. Once Col. Slough left Fort Union, he moved his forces to the entrance of Glorieta Pass.
One of the most surprising election would be the election of 1860. In this election, Lincoln again confronted Douglas, who represented the Northern group of a strongly separated Democratic Party in addition to Breckinridge and Bell. The declaration of Lincoln 's triumph flagged the severance of the Southern states, which since the start of the year had been openly undermining withdrawal if the Republicans picked up the White House. When Lincoln was instated on March 4, 1861, seven states had withdrawn, and the Confederate States of America had been formally settled, with Jefferson Davis as its chose president. After one month, the American Civil War started when Confederate powers under General P.G.T.
This battle is known as the The Battle of Pea Ridge. This key battle of the Civil War was led by General Samuel R. Curtis of the Union and General Earl Van Dorn of the Confederates. To begin with, before the battle of Pea Ridge the Union had a strong defensive position in Arkansas near LIttle Sugar Creek. The Confederate forces had commanded General Van Dorn to destroy the Union’s position at the Pea Ridge in Arkansas. General Van Dorn came up with a plan to attack the Union soldiers by marching around the Unions location and attacking rear sides.
In November of 1780, Virginia had updated Kentucky County into three brand-new counties. Within the next few months, Daniel Boone was chosen county lieutenant, lieutenant colonel of the militia, sheriff of a county, and representative in the State Assembly. Bryan’s Station located in Lexington Kentucky was settled in 1775, and consisted of around forty log cabins. An attack on the fort in 1782 during the Revolutionary War consisted of British Canadians, and three hundred Shawnee Indians lead by Captain William Caldwell. This was a surprise attack in that the militia inside did not know how many Indians were outside, and furthermore, that the Indians were joined by the British Canadians.
The Battle of Antietam is viewed as the bloodiest day ever, with more than 23,000 warriors injured, killed, or missing.The Battle of Antietam occurred close Antietam Creek in Sharpsburg, Maryland.The fight was battled on September 17 1862. A large portion of the war had been battled in Virginia, as of right now. Robert E. Lee imagined that by battling in Maryland, he could win support from the general population of Maryland, and also bolster his troops with nourishment from Maryland ranches. President Abraham Lincoln put Major General George B. McClellan accountable for the Union troops in charge of safeguarding Washington, D.C., against Lee 's attack.McClellan 's Army of the Potomac conflicted first with Lee 's men on September 14, with the
Lee Did not want to be caught on the defensive so he decided to attack first. His target was a supply base in Manassas. Lee sent half of his army to launch this attack. This Attack was led by Stonewall Jackson Which happens to be the hero of the First Bull Run. 13 months prior to this attack the confederates seized Union supplies and burned down the supply base.
Though the Civil War began when Confederate troops shelled Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, the war didn’t begin in earnest until the Battle of Bull Run, fought in Virginia just miles from Washington DC, on July 21, 1861. Popular fervor led President Lincoln to push a cautious Brigadier General Irvin McDowell, commander of the Union army in Northern Virginia, to attack the Confederate forces commanded by Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard, which held a relatively strong position along Bull Run, just northeast of Manassas Junction. The goal was to make quick work of the bulk of the Confederate army, open the way to Richmond, the Confederate capital, and end the war. The morning of July 21st dawned on two generals planning to outflank their opponent’s
On the united states side you had commander George Meade who had only been in command for three days before the battle broke out. Win the battle began only one third of the confederate army was near Gettysburg yet Lee immediately took the offensive. This was breaking basic principles of war. Lee made this mistake as a result of
2 years before the Confederacy formally surrendered the Union began reconstruction. After the Union won the major battles that is when Lincoln had put the ten percent plan on the table, this plan was when ten percent of the state’s eligible voters pledge oath to US then they could join the Union. To begin with, there are a few reasons why one would say that reconstruction in the south was a failure. One of these reasons being that, even after the civil war in the South’s government passed laws to limit the rights of the free African Americans. In document C we can see this is evident where it states “No negro or freedmen shall be allowed to come within the limits of the town of Opelousas without special permission of his employers.