Ft. Sumter and its impact
Today December 20, 1860, South Carolina seceded from the Union. A few days later, Federal troops took back 68 stationed in Charleston, South Carolina, to Fort Sumter, an island in the port of Charleston. North Fort is considered to be the property of the Government of the United States. The people in South Carolina thinks that the property belongs to the new Confederation which is not correct. Four months later, the first participation of the civil war took place on the argued land. The Fort Sumter commander is major Robert Anderson who was a Freedman owner who nevertheless was loyal to the Union. South Carolina army has 6,000 troops by ringing the Harbor, Anderson and his soldiers were cut off from aid and resupplies. …show more content…
Beauregard opened fire on Fort Sumter. Confederate shells showered the fort with over three-thousands shells in a three-and-a-half day period. Anderson surrendered after he couldn’t hold the fort.
First Battle of Bull Run
After a year the war began in April 1861, most Americans expect the conflict to be brief. When he invited President Lincoln to the Governors and Union with 75000 soldiers and asked to recruit the soldiers for 90 days only. When the Confederacy moved its capital to Richmond, Virginia, 100 miles from Washington, everyone expected a firm battle on the ground between the union and confederate cities.
In the spring of 1861, 35000 Confederate troops led by General Pierre Beauregard moved north to protect Richmond from being attacked. Lincoln 's troops had nearly completed its requirement of 90 days and field commander, General Irvin Mcdowell, didn 't want to fight. Pressure to act, on 18 of July McDowell marched his army of 37000 troops in Virginia.
Northern forces took two and a half days to march 25 miles. He consolidated his forces along the South Bank of Bull Run, River a few miles north of Manassas junction and wait for the arrival of Union …show more content…
Vicksburg battle From the spring of 1862 until July 1863, during the American Civil War, Union forces waged a campaign to take the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, Mississippi, which lay on the east bank of the Mississippi River, halfway between Memphis To the north and New Orleans to the south.The capture of Vicksburg divided the Confederacy and proved the military genius of Union General Ulysses S. Grant. On May 19, Grant, hoping for a quick victory over a defeated foe, ordered Sherman’s corps to attack along the Graveyard Road northeast of town. Pemberton, the engineer, had developed a series of strong works around Vicksburg, and the Federals were repulsed by the defenders of Stockade Redan, suffering 1,000 casualties. Three days later, coordinated assaults were made: Sherman along the Graveyard Road, Maj. Gen. James McPherson hitting the center from the Jackson Road, and Maj. Gen. John McClernand attacking from the south along the lines of the Baldwin Ferry Road and the Southern Railroad of Mississippi. Although McClernand men briefly penetrated what was called the Railroad Redoubt, all three columns were repulsed, with a total loss of over
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After around a month, Bragg moved his troops from where they were stationed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky, through Knoxville and Chattanooga and into Murfreesboro, Tennessee. When he got to Murfreesboro, he immediately organized his troops into a defensive position on the Stones River near Murfreesboro.
The Battle/Siege of Vicksburg The Battle of Vicksburg was one of the most crucial points in the Civil War. It helped Eradicate the Rebels/Confederacy once and for all. The Civil War was fought for over 4 years and it lasted from 1861-1865. It was one of the most horrific wars the world has ever known and witnessed.
The union were able to attack Lees center multiple times but McClellan let the rebels retreat and regroup. Which let the battle carry on longer than needed. Then the union decided to attack Jackson(left flank) which was located at dunkers church, and were able to push Jackson out. Then the union had to get across the river to be able to attack and push back the confederates line. The union tried
General William Tecumseh Sherman was called to provide a victory for the Union. Sherman marched from Tennessee in the spring of 1864 with 100,000 troops. He and his troops moved through the Appalachian Mountains toward Atlanta for 4 months (May-August). From November 15 until December 21, 1864, General William T. Sherman led some 60,000 soldiers from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. The purpose of the march was to scare civilians into abandoning the Confederates.
From St. Paul.. First Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment was one of first units to start after Lincoln called for 75,000 troops in April, 1861. It was the first regiment from Minnesota. It formed after the governor of Minnesota, Alexander Ramsey, offered 1,000 troops for national service on April 14, 1861. We first gathered at Fort Snelling on April 29.
Ulysses S. Grant (named Hiram Ulysses Grant) was born on April 27, 1822. Grant began his military career graduating Westpoint as an average student in 1843. Grant fought in the Mexican-American War along with Robert E. Lee, a man he would be facing on the battlefield nearly fifteen years later. Grant came to an early retirement in 1854 but after struggling monetarily in civilian life he rejoined the Union army in 1861. Grant was the most famous Union General in the Civil War.
Soon to be joined by four other states. Southerners felt as the government was getting to strong, they felt as if no one would tell them how to live. South Carolina being the first state to leave the union. The Confederates demanded the Union to leave Fort Sumter after many failed negotiations and demands the confederates opened fire for 34 straight hours. This would be the start of the first Civil War battle.
Union General Irvin McDowell believed his army of 35,000 would be able to defeat Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard’s 20,000, but the Confederates managed to hold him off while reinforcements arrived. Eventually the Confederates retreated upwards to Henry House Hill, where Confederate General Thomas Jackson got his troops ready to meet the Union advance (“Bull Run” 1). By 1 PM, many Union soldiers had been fighting for ten hours in addition to having marched six miles before the battle. Then Confederate backups began to arrive and by 2 PM began a counter attack. However, it ended in confusion because units on both sides shared uniforms of the same color and style.
The Atlanta Campaign was a series of battles fought throughout northwest Georgia from May 7, 1864 to September 2, 1864. The Union Commander was Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and the Confederate Commander was Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. On May 1864, Sherman was battling the Confederate Army of Tennessee for northern Georgia which caused the major manufacturing center and railroad hub, Atlanta, to be at stake. Near Chattanooga, Sherman had 11,000 men and 254 cannons in 3 armies while Johnston had 53,800 officers plus the 15,000 reinforcements in Dalton.
Originally, the northern area of the town was guarded rather successfully by John Buford and his men, soon to be reinforced with two more corps of Union soldiers. He may have been able to defend that position for a much longer time than he did if it weren’t for the two extremely large Confederate groups that assaulted Buford from the northwest, which had then
This took place on the hills south of Gettysburg where the Union successfully held their ground. On the second day they continued the battle where the Confederates gained very little ground but not enough to change the war involving 100, 000 soldiers and with 20,000 killed or injured. It was the final day where the Confederates took a full assault with 12,000 confederates known as Pickett’s Charge which was a center line attacked against the Union. The Union held their ground using artillery fire and rifles which led to retreat of the confederates while successfully pushing them back south.
Lincoln called for 500,000 troops on both sides settled for a long battle. Abraham surprised a lot of people by proving to be a more than a capable wartime leader. He learned quickly about strategy and tactics in the early years of the Civil War, and choosing the best commanders. General George McClellan continually frustrated Lincoln with his unwillingness to advance, and when McClellan failed to see Robert Lee’s retreating Confederate Army in the outcome of the Union victory at Antietam in September 1862. Antietam is a creek of north Maryland emptying into the Potomac