Fort Sumter Impact

1828 Words8 Pages

Ft. Sumter and its impact
Today December 20, 1860, South Carolina seceded from the Union. A few days later, Federal troops took back 68 stationed in Charleston, South Carolina, to Fort Sumter, an island in the port of Charleston. North Fort is considered to be the property of the Government of the United States. The people in South Carolina thinks that the property belongs to the new Confederation which is not correct. Four months later, the first participation of the civil war took place on the argued land. The Fort Sumter commander is major Robert Anderson who was a Freedman owner who nevertheless was loyal to the Union. South Carolina army has 6,000 troops by ringing the Harbor, Anderson and his soldiers were cut off from aid and resupplies. …show more content…

Beauregard opened fire on Fort Sumter. Confederate shells showered the fort with over three-thousands shells in a three-and-a-half day period. Anderson surrendered after he couldn’t hold the fort.

First Battle of Bull Run
After a year the war began in April 1861, most Americans expect the conflict to be brief. When he invited President Lincoln to the Governors and Union with 75000 soldiers and asked to recruit the soldiers for 90 days only. When the Confederacy moved its capital to Richmond, Virginia, 100 miles from Washington, everyone expected a firm battle on the ground between the union and confederate cities.
In the spring of 1861, 35000 Confederate troops led by General Pierre Beauregard moved north to protect Richmond from being attacked. Lincoln 's troops had nearly completed its requirement of 90 days and field commander, General Irvin Mcdowell, didn 't want to fight. Pressure to act, on 18 of July McDowell marched his army of 37000 troops in Virginia.
Northern forces took two and a half days to march 25 miles. He consolidated his forces along the South Bank of Bull Run, River a few miles north of Manassas junction and wait for the arrival of Union …show more content…

Vicksburg battle From the spring of 1862 until July 1863, during the American Civil War, Union forces waged a campaign to take the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, Mississippi, which lay on the east bank of the Mississippi River, halfway between Memphis To the north and New Orleans to the south.The capture of Vicksburg divided the Confederacy and proved the military genius of Union General Ulysses S. Grant. On May 19, Grant, hoping for a quick victory over a defeated foe, ordered Sherman’s corps to attack along the Graveyard Road northeast of town. Pemberton, the engineer, had developed a series of strong works around Vicksburg, and the Federals were repulsed by the defenders of Stockade Redan, suffering 1,000 casualties. Three days later, coordinated assaults were made: Sherman along the Graveyard Road, Maj. Gen. James McPherson hitting the center from the Jackson Road, and Maj. Gen. John McClernand attacking from the south along the lines of the Baldwin Ferry Road and the Southern Railroad of Mississippi. Although McClernand men briefly penetrated what was called the Railroad Redoubt, all three columns were repulsed, with a total loss of over

Show More

More about Fort Sumter Impact

Open Document