These four conditions are consequences of abuse and neglect, the challenges of attachment to the caregiver, a child's changing senses, and response to stress (Committee on Early Childhood). Most caregivers foster more than one child at a time and give attention to some more than the others and they can take this very harshly. In a new situation with new strangers is hard especially for the older children who are accustomed to being with family members or guardian. In another source, “Children in Foster Care and the Developmental of Favorable Outcomes” by Cynthia V. Healey, she explains that children have become victims in the foster care system no matter if they end up adopted or not. Favorable outcome “were defined as demonstrations of emotions” during the middle of childhood (Children in Foster Care).
The study by Child Abuse and Neglect and the Brain—A Review Authors Danya Glaser First published: January 2000Full publication history DOI: 10.1111/1469-7610.00551, that the shows that injury can cause some terrible affects to the brain which in turn affects the attachment with the child and parent. Whole this damage of the brain can affect the physical ability to have secure attachment, issues relating to the cognitive ad emotions; behaviour of the child also comes into play. A child who has is unaware of the response from the carer giver will have unsecure attempt (reference text
Studies have shown that thirty percent of children in foster care remain in care for more than two years. The longer children stay in care the more placements they are likely to experience. More than half the children who enter the foster care system will be moved to a different home in their first six months. It is also found that children care for more than two years will experience about three different placements. Nearly all of the moves have nothing to do with bettering the well being of the child.
As a result, these adolescents experience psychological trauma, financial instability, which both combined to yield a vicious cycle of foster care. Psychological Trauma Before turning 18, kids in the foster care system already experience a plethora of traumatic instances. As a result, a significant mental health risk among kids in foster care is PTSD, or post-traumatic stress disorder.
Lansford et al, 2002). Studies centered around child abuse have shown that the emotional distress caused during the time they were abused often follows them into their later years of adulthood. During childhood years, however, the biggest causation of abuse was the overuse of physical and emotional punishment instead of a strongly implemented rewards system during discipline. Though rewards are commonly used in school systems to encourage good behavior in children, the most common form of discipline in households are punishments. Because of this, the abuse, often found in the overuse of punishments such as coercion, public humiliation, spanking or other types of physical harming, time out or confinement, and yelling, can have long term effect and are more likely leave emotional
I. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, more well-known as ADHD, is a disorder that affects 9% of children in the U.S. When left untreated, ADHD can lead the sufferer to be unable to cope in school or socially and possibly leads to depression. ADHD is a hyperactivity disorder with many symptoms that can be treated through therapy, emotional counselling, and use of medications. II. There is a plethora of symptoms when it comes to ADHD. A. Symptoms are separated into two categories, one is inattentiveness and the other is hyperactivity 1.
(UNICEF, 2016). Childwelfare Gateway helps us to understand that Child sexual abuse can have a multitude of long-term effects on physical health, it can cause impaired brain development where important regions of the brain to fail to form or grow properly and have long-term consequences for cognitive, language, and academic abilities these are connected with mental health disorders (Tarullo, 2012). Child abuse causes the following psychological impairments: low self-esteem, depression, and relationship difficulties, Experiencing childhood trauma and adversity, such as physical or sexual abuse, is a risk factor for borderline personality disorder, depression, anxiety, and other psychiatric disorders. (Childwelfare Gateway, 2013) in an article posted in the Observer on April 22, 2012, it says’ While the physical pain will eventually go away, the shame and trauma of being sexually abused often cling to the abused throughout childhood and even adulthood.’ And that is true, the psychological scars are the hardest to fade.
Most of the children who were living alone (54%) were female. This is consistent with trends starting in 2009, but before then the majority of the children were males. One in every 30 children in the U.S. is homeless which is an historic high for the united states. From 2012 to 2013, the number of children experiencing homelessness annually in the U.S. has increased by 8% percent
Children who experienced conflict‐related trauma and met criteria for post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), an anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to psychological trauma, were often associated with poor school achievement and memory impairments (Elbert and Schauer, 2009). Indirect effects of armed conflict, such as losing caregivers and support networks are also damaging to a child’s well‐being and healthy development (Betancourt and Khan, 2008). Conflict often destroys informal social networks for children and disrupts community structures, and children may be forced to be self‐ sufficient (UNICEF April 2009). Children physically disabled through armed conflict may have health and educational concerns that will decrease ability to thrive and live healthy lives (Miller,
There are many questions when it comes to the adoptive parents. A question may be how old is an adoptive parent? The answer to that question is that most adoptive parents are between the ages of 37-45. Who becomes adoptive parents?
Children are put into foster care for many different reasons that include physical, sexual, emotional, or psychological abuse, or neglect (Leve et al., 2012). Regardless of the situation, removal from parents can affect immediate and future mental and developmental health of the child (Bruskas, 2008). This problem is important because children around the world are diagnosed, and most of them will not be properly cared for. Adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19 have a higher prevalence of poor health, and studies have shown that 12% of foster kids do not receive regular health care (Gramkowski et al., 2009). There are little improvements to the system, and awareness would give enough attention to cause change.
The population consists of a 51.4% female to 48.6% male ratio. The breakdown of ethnic groups in Miami-Dade County is 77.9% Whites, 18.9% African American, 0.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.7% Asian, and 1.2% consider themselves of two or more races (U.S Census Bureau, n.d).