Foucault Discourse Analysis

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From 1980s onwards the concept of discourse became popular through the writing of Foucault which was then followed by other poststructuralists. The etymology of discourse is as follows: the word ‘Discourse’ is originated from Latin word ‘discursus’, meaning "running to and from" which denotes written and spoken communications. To be more precise and clear, discourse means discussion or information or communication. Michel Foucault says that discourse means “an entity of sequences, of signs, in that they are enouncements (énoncés)”. Foucault in order to study the structures of society and social reality he made use of the role of discourse and language in shaping the same. Foucault focused on social reality and the underlying truth in it. He has used main elements like discourse, language, power, knowledge and truth in understanding the existing truth in it. As per the writings and thoughts of Foucault (1977), he connects discourse with knowledge and mentioned that it is through this we are created; and discourse acts as a catalyst between power and knowledge using language as a medium of force. Thus it will be more clear with the below figure representing…show more content…
It is not simply an entity that can be held. Taken or alienated but also a problematic of circulation within various channels and networks governed by disc cursive formulations and relations of power that constitute a social body and ‘cannot themselves be established, consolidated or implemented without production, accumulation, circulation and functioning of discourse’ ((as cited in Gordon Gordon:1980:93). Another person Weedon (1997:107) mentioned discourse transmits and produces power; it undermines and exposes it, renders it fragile and makes it possible to thwart it. In some specific way for Foucault (1972), in his thought process clearly mentioned that “discourses are about what can be said and thought, but also about who can speak, when, and with what
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