By integrating concepts from Dubois and Pariser, we can further analyze the structure of society and how the relationship with the past supplied the foundation for the perspectives of the classic theorist. The social imagination is a basic skill that enables people to understand the larger historical scene. C. Wright Mills introduces this idea in his book titled The Sociological Imagination from Charles Lemert’s edition. Mill’s argues that the first impression of imagination, embodies the idea of understanding for individuals, he then counters that same argument by saying that, ‘human nature[is] frightening broad’ (Pp 267). I would like to think that through his analysis of the social imagination, that Mills set the format for a style of reflection when it comes to the intellectual age, but Mill’s was born in the 1900’s.
NM3207 - Concept Paper Thaslim Begum Mohamed Aiyoob (A0100657M) The terms ‘discourse’ and ‘discursive formation’ were introduced and widely used by the French philosopher and social theorist Michael Foucault in his analysis of several institutions and their ways of establishing and forming of knowledge. Foucault’s interest in the production of knowledge, the way knowledge functions and put in use is reflected in his works such as The Order of Discourse (1971) and The Archaeology of Knowledge (1972). Foucault’s usage of discourse is defined as a group of statements that provide the language to talk about a topic, where visuals are also considered statements. Discursive formations involve the operation of several discourses. Therefore the
It is how the powerful manipulate the powerless in order to fulfil the needs of those with power. What one may have here is a latent conflict, which consists in a contradiction between the interests of those exercising power and the real interests of those they exclude. These latter may not express or even be conscious of their interests, but ... the identification of those interests ultimately always rests on empirically supportable and refutable hypotheses (Lukes 2005). This is a vitally important power source used in politics and is fundamental in order to succeed. This power was even referred to by Lukes (1974) as “insidious” in nature, as it is seen as almost an abuse of power from those in higher positions especially the political elite on those more vulnerable or open to manipulation of working class background in
The social concept also social construction of reality (Social constructionism) is considered a theory of knowledge in sociology which evaluates the advancement of mutually created understandings of the world which is a basis for the formation of collective assumptions on reality. The theory affirms the opinion that people rationalize their experience through creating models of their social world and later sharing such models via language. Dating from the work of Berger and Luckmann (1966) different authors have put forth their contribution and ideas on social constructionizm. Berger and Luckmann dispute that all knowledge is gained and maintained from social interactions. Apparently according to the two authors people interact bearing in mind
It is heavily influenced from the Groation tradition. According to this perspective, regimes are much more pervasive and exist in all areas of international relations. Contrary to the conventional structure and modified structural, this viewpoint moves away from realist thinking as it is “too limited to explain an increasingly complex, interdependent, and complex world.” This approach rejects the assumption that the international system is comprised of states and the balance of power is solely due to force. Rather, it argues that elites are the principal actors and that they have national and transnational ties. An example Krasner gives is that the “statesmen nearly always perceive themselves as constrained by principles, norms, and rules that prescribe and proscribe varieties of behavior”.
So this postmodernist idea rejects the traditional idea of fixed identity. It focuses on the fact that identity is not stable rather it is in flux and fluidity now (Pile and Thrift, 1995). They saw identity with cluster of difference and vibrancy, with fluidity and contrast. Difference plays a vital role in the fluidity of identity as Soja and Hooper say that the politics of identity include power, difference and change (1996:187). People have multiple identities and in the construction of identity there is a key factor called difference.
There is such a variety of definitions regarding discourse that make it difficult to stick to one definition, therefore the context to which discourse is used is helpful to narrowing down a less diverse definition. Michel Foucault (philosopher, social theorist and literary critic) used various definitions of discourse at separate instances. The rough definition that Foucault suggests for Discourse is ‘the general domain of all statements’. He also defines discourse as an adapted cluster of statements, which could relate to the distinct structures in discourse. Discourse has to do with distinguishing groups of statements which are controlled in a way that they match and reach a mutual effect.
“For me, power is that which must be explained.” -M. Foucault The problem of power was of great importance in Michel Foucault 's philosophical work. His studies on the “analysis of power” proposes a new perspective of power which is far from other theories of power. But the word power is apt to lead number of misunderstandings---misunderstandings with respect to its nature, its form and its unity. In this chapter the researcher will try to discuss the nature and definition of power, its form, and its concrete illustration: the ‘Panopticon’, and on the last part of this chapter the researcher will give a synthesis of the things that he will discuss. I.
The flow of communication reflects the pace and direction of social development and the context of the communication represent the values of the society. The speech pattern has its definite form and therefore its functional features are strictly correlated with the nature social codes. Thus sociolinguistics, as an interdisciplinary study of language use, attempts to show the relationship between language and
This is because politik is base on some form of power and its sources may be highly varied and complex . The use of power in politic is something that is difficult to measured precisely how and when it is exercised. The need of power in politic is to influence or control the behavior of people. Walter Annenberg theory said that “the greatest power is not money power, but political power” . Political power mean an authority held by a group within a society that allows for the administration of public resources and implement policies for society.
Ethnomethology refers to the research method focused on the way that participants in a social setting create and sustain a sense of reality. Many of Boas’ ideologies revolved around his concerns of how the varied individual and cultural characteristics of a group affected their perceptions of reality (Moberg, 2013, 142). This methodology shows in his discussions on how one culture cannot be generalized or diminished by another. He viewed culture as being undefinable in the idea that it can be defined through the discerning lens of a ‘higher’ culture’s views. A culture’s qualities must be