In lateral canal stenosis as there is involvement of the nerve it results in severe radiculopathy, with muscle weakness, pain and immobility. This results from a series of changes in the components of the central and lateral canal such as ligamentum flavum inflammation, bony spurs, epidural fat deposition and facetal hypertrophy. (1) Management of spinal stenosis includes conservative or surgical treatment. Conservative approach comprises of rest, analgesics, anti inflammatory medications, physical exercises, and weight loss. Surgery is done in patients who have severe pain, disability, neuropathy or malignancy.
Actually, it is the most frequent cause of bleeding abnormalities. Petechia ,purpura and mucosal bleeding are among its typical clinical findings. Moreover, severe and life threatening gastrointestinal or intracranial bleeding may also ensue. To rule out other coagulation defects, laboratory tests must show a prolonged bleeding time in the presence of normal coagulation parameters and thrombocytopenia . There are several mechanisms of thrombocytopenia.
Ullrich- Turner Syndrome can affect proper development of several body systems. There are a number of expected complications that will occur including heart problems, cardiovascular disease, hearing loss, kidney problems, immune disorders, dental problems, visual impairments, skeletal problems, pregnancy issues and thyroid issues. Defects in the main blood vessel leading out of the heart (aorta) increase the risk of a tear in the inner layer of the aorta (aortic dissection). A defect in the valve between the heart and the aorta may also increase the risk of a narrowing of the valve that cause heart problems. Cardiovascular disease is due to the increase of developing diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Pelvic infections, surgeries and endometriosis may damage the fallopian tube which may further cause infertility in women. (webmd.com) (Pelvis is the large bony frame near the bottom/base of the spine to which the legs are attached in humans (google.com)) Hormonal changes; Hormonal Changes are sometimes a cause of infertility as women undergo synchronized hormonal changes (of hormones such as LH – Luteinizing Hormone and FSH – Follicle Stimulating Hormone) leading to the release of an egg from the ovary and the enlargement of the endometrium (endometrium is the lining of the uterus) in accordance to the fertilized egg, do not occur which leads to infertility. Cervical Conditions; some women/females may have certain cervical conditions due to which the sperm must not be able to pass through the cervical canal, which may be due to previous cervical surgeries causing infertility. Abnormal Anatomy of the Uterus; Abnormal anatomy of the uterus and presence of polyps and fibres may cause infertility. Unexplained Infertility; there are some conditions today that we cannot track due to the limited number of known methods of investigation, which leads to unidentified certain causes of infertility in men and women.
Of course, the condition will most likely involve a heart problem, which is discovered at birth, along with a webbed neck, chest deformities, many birth marks, also known as café-au-lait spots, and a short stature. The features of this syndrome are not fully known, considering the fact that there are numerous characteristics and no two infected individuals have the same exact features. Like in most other disease cases, there are lists of more minor symptoms that can occur in an individual. In infants and newborns, feeding problems are present, due to a poor sucking reflex. Behavioral problems and developmental delays can occur, which causes the individual to achieve milestones slower, such as sitting and walking.
This deformity can be caused by a variety of problems, including: • Osteoporosis. This bone-thinning disorder can result in crushed vertebrae (compression fractures). Osteoporosis is most common in older adults, particularly women, and in people who have taken high doses of corticosteroids for long periods of time. • Disk degeneration. Soft, circular disks act as cushions between spinal vertebrae.
Abstract Dermatomyositis (DM) is an autoimmune disease that presents with a wide range of classical dermatologic findings and proximal muscle weakness. Like other autoimmune diseases, multiple trigger mechanisms have been proposed in the pathogenesis of DM. They include infections, drugs, environmental factors and malignancy. Majority of the cases are idiopathic, but in approximately 15–30% of cases of adult-onset DM, an underlying malignancy is the cause of a paraneoplastic syndrome manifested as DM. We present a case of a 31 years old female who presented to us with a heliotrope rash, gottron papules, and shawl signs associated with proximal muscle weakness.
Cerebral edema is a life threatening homeostatic imbalance that may be caused by many things and can be treated if the diagnosis, recognition and management is timely. (ScienceDirect: Cerebral Edema) There are three categories of cerebral edema: vasogenic, cytotoxic and interstitial. Vasogenic edema happens when there is increased permeability of the blood brain barrier. Some of the most common vasogenic causes of edema include: brain tumors/abscesses, lead toxicity, stroke, diabetic ketoacidosis and hypercapnia. Cytotoxic edema is most commonly characterized by the swelling of neurons, glia and constriction of extracellular space.
A large-scale study found that concussions in adolescents can increase the risk of developing multiple sclerosis later on in life. There are hints that head trauma may also be linked to the development of many other conditions, including multiple sclerosis. Health professionals are not entirely sure whether or not concussions are linked to these diseases or not. Past studies in animals have shown that trauma to the central nervous system, including the brain, may jump-start the kind of autoimmune reactions that are underlined with multiple sclerosis. Other risk of concussions are chronic headaches, amnesia and neurological disorders like Alzheimer 's disease or Parkinson 's syndrome.
INTRODUCTION Endometriosis is the term used for the occurrence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus and is a major cause of pelvic pain and subfertility.  Cervix, vagina, vulva, rectovaginal septum, ovary, fallopian tubes, uterine ligaments, appendix, small and large bowel, bladder and ureters, pelvic peritoneum, hernia sacs, lymph nodes, kidney, skin, and even within skeletal muscles, peripheral nerves, pleura, lung, nasal cavity can be involved by endometriosis.  Microscopically endometrial glands and stroma are seen, often embedded in a dense fibrous mass exhibiting signs of fresh and old hemorrhage.  Most cases of the abdominal wall endometriosis occur spontaneously following the gynaecologic or obstetric surgery.  It affects
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Lupus is an autoimmune disease in which the body attacks its self. Lupus can affect different parts of the body including the skin, blood, kidneys, and joints. There are four different types of Lupus, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous Lupus, Drug-Induced Lupus, and Neonatal Lupus. However, the most common and deadly lupus is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is a long term disease that causes inflammation of various tissues in the body.
With attention to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, Crohn’s disease is one of the many common cases. Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disorder that both men and woman are equally susceptible too. This disease is often confused with other gastrointestinal disorders with similar symptoms. With this disease being a part of the GI tract, there are many signs that can lead up to Crohn’s. An individual with Crohn’s disease could have been obtained through genetics or the environment, which could lead to many other complications that can affect the entire digestive tract.
Often the professional activities and sports can affect the evolution of the disease. For instance, it is found frequently osteoarthritis of the shoulder, elbow and hand in those who are involved the use of jackhammers. In any case it is to be aware of other causes, such as the age, which entails a loss of elasticity and the onset of osteoporosis. There are some diseases that affect the endocrine system and which may be considered influential, such as diabetes mellitus and gout. Obesity is an important risk factor.
There are many types of surgical procedures that an OB/GYN can perform, such as a hysterectomy, where the women’s uterus, by having the uterus removed the patient can no longer get pregnant. Other surgeries that can be performed are gynecologic cancer surgeries, bladder surgeries, and ovarian tumor removals. The job responsibilities of an OB/GYN is to check on the patients that they are responsible for, delivering babies, prescribe any medication the patients need, and perform any surgeries
When this gene has been mutated, it is unable to perform effectively, leaving exocrine based organs unprotected. (Human Genome Cystic Fibrosis) The symptoms of cystic fibrosis can vary from case to case, but the most common symptoms include male infertility, persistent coughing, salty-tasting skin, frequent lung infections such as penuomonia and bronchitis, shortness of breath, wheezing, weight-loss, and difficult bowel movements. Often times the acronym, CF, to represent cystic fibrosis. People with cystic fibrosis make it a very big priority to have minimal contact with