Participative leadership are take heed of advice from employees (Huang, Iun, Liu and Gong, 2010; Somech, 2005). Participative leadership involves employee empowerment and allowing employees to participate in decision making. The positive influences of this leadership strategy are it enhances productivity and increase quality of organizations products, operations, process etc. Besides this, the satisfaction level of employees will increase in this leadership technique. The negative influence of this specific strategy is that it involves issues of security.
The study show on how organizational commitment may influence on retention, attendance and job productivity. According to McNeese-Smith (1995) if employees are morally committed to an organization, the increasing of like hood of retention, consistent attendance, and increased productivity can be expected. In addition, the studies also identify on organizational commitment that could interact with job satisfaction to affect turnover intention among employees. Organizational commitment is an attachment with organization (Mathieu, 1990). In simpler words, job satisfaction is linked to the job; organizational commitment emphasizes links to the organization (Lim, 2007).
Transformational leadership arises when a leader raises the level of cognizance about the value of desired results and expands subordinates’ wants and needs (Bass, 1985). According to Schepers et al. , (2005), transformational leaders permit subordinates to think creatively, analyze problems from different angles and provide improved resolutions by using technology. Gill et al. (2006) claimed that organizations can diminish job strain and burnout by adopting a transformational leadership style.
The stronger the organizational culture, the more likely it would be for employees to be motivated to perform well on their jobs. The Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) is a valid instrument in assessing an organization’s culture. The model was developed from the competing values framework. There are four types of cultures under the OCAI model.
There are several approaches to improve job satisfaction and employee engagement, first of all our recommendations to Kris Jenkins to develop job satisfaction and employee engagement of Salon Manager are, at the first stage, increasing the opportunity of promotion for the managers because fulfillment theory in order to make the employees happy you have to satisfy their wishes and demand and the more the employees earn the more satisfy they will be as (Çelik, 2011), stated. The second one is, the supervisors have to establish a strong connections with the subordinates, and the owner also need to establish a strong relationship with the managers “determination theory also proposes that in addition to being driven by a need for autonomy, people seek ways to achieve competence and positive connections to others” (Robbins & Judge, 2013 pp 208 ). The third one is managers should make decisions independently, at the same time the managers should know the organization 's goals and objectives properly. Secondly, our suggestions to Kris Jenkins to improve job satisfaction and employee engagement of Hair Stylist, firstly promotion opportunity has to be raised. Secondly, the relationship should be positive with the supervisors according to Harter and Schmidt and Killham in 2003 an effective manager is always listen to his subordinators and fulfill their needs and the managers have to find a relationship between the needs of individuals and the organization.
Human Relation Management in Tesla Human relation management is a belief that individuals desire to be part of a supportive team that encourages growth and development (Business.com). Human relation management focuses on employee 's feelings, career enrichment, induction procedures, encouragement of teams, stability and motivation. The benefits of human relations management theory are rises in employee productivity, employee consideration, employee recognition, relationship building between employees and managers. Disadvantages are unpredictable workplace conduct, strategies based on behavior in the workplace and one method works for everyone. "Tesla is consciously creating a benefits structure that is different from what other companies
Transformational leadership style with idea indicator, the influence of leader behavior, intellectual stimulation and a consideration of individual has a positive influence towards motivation. This leadership style has positive influence toward job satisfaction. (Risambessyet) job satisfaction has been studied in parallel with many aspects of work and in many work places and fields around the world, the employees has experienced job satisfaction as an outcome of leadership styles. In general, research results suggested that in organizations which are more flexible and adopted the management type in communication and employees reward the latter more likely to be satisfied which results in the organization’s success.(Jill, McKinnon et al. 2003)
The idea is that a leader needs to develop as many high-quality relationships as possible to achieve the set goals. Good relationships will increases peoples sense of job satisfaction and develop ownership of goals and problems. Through good rapports productivity can be increased, organizational goals can be achieved, this is possible because of good teamwork and investment of the employee in the company. Within the LMX theory there are two groups, the in- and the out-group. In-group member are part of the inner circle from the leader, there have more responsibilities and the leader is trusting this group more to achieve goals as there are set by the leader.
Theoritical Framework The researcher adapted the theory of Burns where leaders and followers engage in a mutual process of raising one another to higher levels motivation. This raised the bar by appealing to higher ideals and values of followers. This encourages people to collaborate and work as a team.
For example, LMX is negatively related to turnover positively related to organisational commitment and the assessments of superiors about work performance and satisfaction with the job (Hill, Kang and Seo, 2014). It is considered the importance of the results organisational to the success of an organisation and the assumption that employees satisfied tends to be more productive, creative and innovative, in